ISSN:2582-7693

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Journal of Ayurveda

A Peer Reviewed Research Publication of
National Institute of Ayurveda, Jaipur

TABLE OF CONTENT

2016   |   July-September   |   VOLUME - X   |   ISSUE - 3

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Clinical Studies

*Sanjay Kumar, **Gopesh Mangal, ***Sri Niwas Sharma

To assess the efficacy of Basti Karma in management of Gridhrasi w.s.r. to Sciatica

2016   |   July-September   |   VOLUME - X   |   ISSUE - 3

KEYWORDS - Gridhrasi, Sciatica, Karma Basti, Niruha Basti, Anuvasana Basti
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ABSTRACT

Sciatica is the degenerative changes affecting lumbar region. The management of Sciatica in conventional medicine is temporary and many cases require surgical treatment. In this, the Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAID’s) and analgesics are the main drug; however they have serious adverse effects and have limitations for a long term therapy. Gridhrasi (Sciatica) produces disability in people affecting almost each & every routine work of a person. Ayurvedic management seems to be more satisfactory because of its long lasting effects and multisystemic regenerative actions without any harm. Therefore, it was decided to evaluate certain Ayurvedic management for a group of patients of Gridhrasi which could be safe, effective & readily available. Basti Chikitsa is the best treatment for Vata vyadhi like Gridhrasi. The study had been done on 38 clinically diagnosed registered patients from the IPD/ OPD of N.I.A. Jaipur. In this study, Karma Basti was planned in 38 patients with Vrishadi-Niruha Basti & Vajigandhadi Anuvasana-Basti for 30 days Observations and findings were documented & evaluated by using various assessment criteria. Symptomatically & Statistically significant improvement was observed in all clinical parameters in majority of the cases. The results obtained indicated improvement in sign & symptoms and Basti were effective in combating the disease.

Clinical Studies

*Dr. Garima Bajaj, **Dr.B.N.Sinha, ***Dr. H.C.Gupta

A Step up approach to the management of Essential Hypertension (Shirodharaand Tagaradi Kwath)

2016   |   July-September   |   VOLUME - X   |   ISSUE - 3

KEYWORDS - Hypertension, Essential Hypertension, Shirodhara, Tagaradi Kwath
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ABSTRACT

India is gaining a dubious distinction by becoming the capital for life style disorders. The various studies concluded that incidence of hypertension (HTN), obesity and heart disorders are increasing at an alarming rate, esp. in young, urban population. Thus control of these diseases and their complications is of paramount importance and need of the hour. The present study was conducted to evaluate the effect of both non-pharmacological and pharmacological treatment- Shirodhara and Tagaradi Kwath in the treatment of various grades of Essential Hypertension and evolve a step up treatment for Essential Hypertension. Out of 52 patients who completed the trial, in the patients treated with Shirodhara and Tagaradi Kwath, the symptomatic as well as parametric relief was marked in all the 3 grades of hypertension. In severe HTN, these therapies are able to reduce the dosage requirement of allopathic medicine from 9.5mg to 5.25mg per day. This study helps to form a step up treatment module for essential hypertension

Clinical Studies

*Dr. Vijay Kumar Vaishya, **Dr.Gulab Chand Pamnani, ***Dr. Ajay Kumar Sharma

A Clinical study on Karnabadhirya w.s.r. to Sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) with Nagaradi Taila, Gudadi Nasya and Arogya Rasayana

2016   |   July-September   |   VOLUME - X   |   ISSUE - 3

KEYWORDS - Karnabadhirya, Vatadosha, Nagaradi Taila, Gudadi Nasya, Arogya Rasayan
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ABSTRACT

Karna is the seat of Shravanendriya, the functional aspect of hearing. Karnabadhirya is main symptoms of Karnaroga. The treatment of Karnabadhirya is same as Karnashoola i.e. Vatashamanachikitsa. There is no established treatment module for SNHL in the modern science. In this clinical study for Vata & Kaphadoshashamana, we have used the medicine Nagaragi Taila, Gudadi Nasya and Arogya Rasayan in three study groups for comparative. The improvement in the status of patients has been assessed on various parameters and compared between pre trial and post trial values.

Clinical Studies

*Dr. Rupashri Nath, **Dr. Sisir Kumar Mandal, ***Dr. Bidhan Mahajon ,****Dr. Apala Sengupta, *****Dr. Abichal Chattopadhyay, ******Dr. Vipin Sharma, *******Dr. Asit K. Panja

Clinical evaluation ofPippalee (Piper longum Linn.) in Agnidushti

2016   |   July-September   |   VOLUME - X   |   ISSUE - 3

KEYWORDS - Agni, Pippalee, Agnidushti
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ABSTRACT

Agni has prime role to maintain the healthy state of body. Ancient Ayurveda scholars have opined vitiation of agni is the root cause of all diseases. In the present era, diseases related to anna vaha srota and purisha vaha srota are commonly observed in clinical practice, in which agni is a prime responsible factor. Present study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of pippalee (Piper longum Linn.) in agnidushti. 60 patients were selected irrespective of their sex, religion and occupation based on inclusion and exclusion criteria. Powder of Pippalee fruit (Piper longum Linn.) with plain water in dilute form was administer in selected patients at a dose of 2 gm. into two divided doses per day in between two meals for a period of one month. After one month, all the subjective and objective parameters were evaluated. The efficacy of the stipulated drug on agnidushti was evaluated based on statistical analysis. Based on analysis study resulted out that after one month administration of drug, powder of pippalee (fruit of Piper longum Linn.), was significantly effective in subjective parameters of agnidushti.

Clinical Studies

*Dr. Rakesh Saraswat, **Dr. Sunil Yadav, ***Prof. Loknath Sharma

An Etiopathological Study ofMadhumeha (Diabetes Mellitus) and The Therapeutic Effect of“Mehantaka Yoga”

2016   |   July-September   |   VOLUME - X   |   ISSUE - 3

KEYWORDS - Madhumeha, Diabetes mellitus, Mehantaka Yoga, Hyper Glycemia.
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ABSTRACT

In the present clinical study, clinically diagnosed fifteen madhumehi patients were recommended allopathic medicine (Glipizide) in the dose of one tablet (5mg) a day with water before 15 minutes of meal for two month as a control group A and fifteen madhumehi patients were recommended Ayurvedic medicine (Mehantaka yoga) 2-2 capsule (500 mg each) twice a day with like worm water before 15 minutes of meal for two month as an ayurvedic medicine group B and fifteen madhumahi patients were recommended allopathic medicine (Glipizide) in the dose of one tablet (5mg) a day along with (Mehantaka capsule) 2-2 twice (500mg each) a day with luke worm water before 15 minutes of meal for 2month as a combined group C. patient were thoroughly assessed on various subjective and objective and laboratory parameters. after 60 days of therapy a significant improvement in various clinical parameters of madhumeha was observed.

Clinical Studies

*Dr. Vikash Bhatnagar, **Dr. Sandeep M. Lahange, ***Dr. Dhannajay

A Comprehensive Study on Standardization ofAnguli Pramana w.s.r. toPramana of Urdhva Shakha (Upper Limb)

2016   |   July-September   |   VOLUME - X   |   ISSUE - 3

KEYWORDS -
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ABSTRACT

Pramana Sharir has been given prime importance in Ayurveda classics. Pramana means measurement; it plays a major role in understanding the structural constitution of the human body. Besides this Anguli Pramana, Anjali Pramana & Hasta Pramana are also described in Ayurveda. The Anguli Pramana of different part and subpart of the body has been mentioned in Ayurveda classics. Need of Measurement was the prime necessity for human being since the history. Man understand ably turned first to parts of his body and his natural surroundings for measuring instruments. A definite sate of standard unit having consistent inter relation, used to determine magnitude of an entity. Anguli Pramana is one of the important concepts in Ayurveda. This is described as unit of measurement, which is of Anatomical significance, ample references from the Samhitas show Pramana Sharir is one of the criteria used in the examination of the person & patient? It helps in determination of the life span, strength and health of the person prognosis and diagnosis of disease too. Swa Anguli is the unit measurement seems to be more natural and scientific method. Ayurveda has given importance to individualistic approach rather than a generalized one. If the own finger breadth is used for this purpose then the question arises regarding the definite anatomical points where the Anguli should be measured. But the individual anthropometric points and criterion to measure are not mentioned in our classics, hence with the help of modern science an effort was made to establish the inclusion of Pramana Sharir in Ayurveda Classics is both scientific and authentic.

Pharmaceutical Study

*Dr. Sachin Agrawal, **Dr. Anjai B. Prasad, ***Dr. K. Shankar Rao, ****Dr. Rajendra Prasad Sharma

Standardization of Pharmaceutical Methods of Ropya Raj Rasa

2016   |   July-September   |   VOLUME - X   |   ISSUE - 3

KEYWORDS - Ropya Raj Rasa, Rasendra, Mlechhakshara
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ABSTRACT

Ayurveda is the ancient science of medicine with number of unique formulations in its armory. Ropya Raj Rasa is one of the formulations which have ambiguity regarding its ingredients, pharmaceutical procedure and the final product. At the same time it has been mentioned highly effective in Bhagandara. Hence with an objective to find out answers to this ambiguity regarding pharmaceutical procedure of Ropya Raj Rasa, the present study was conducted where all available meanings for “Rasendra” and “Mlechhakshara”, one of the ingredients were considered and used for preparation. Totally six different combinations were formulated for “Rasendra” and “Mlechhakshara” meaning. At the end of the study, the optimum temperature required for the formulation, the accurate combination of “Rasendra” and “Mlechhakshara”, and the drugs to be taken in the name of “Rasendra” and “Mlechhakshara” were concluded as a part of pharmaceutical standardization. Out of six combinations, one with the Hingula and Navasadara demonstrated the signs of completion “Bhramati Taravata on Dhamana” as mentioned in the text. Samples containing Somala did not demonstrate the sign of completion.

Pharmaceutical Study

*Dr. Pankaj Kothari, **Dr. Anupama Shukla, ***Dr. Mahendra Prasad, ****Dr. Hemraj Meena, *****Dr. O.P. Dhachich

Efficacy of Kalpit Triphaladi Ghana Vati on Medodhatu Vriddhi

2016   |   July-September   |   VOLUME - X   |   ISSUE - 3

KEYWORDS - Dosha, Dhatu, Mala, Medodhatu Vriddhi, Dushya, Kapha
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ABSTRACT

In Ayurveda, health has been defined as equilibrium of Dosha, Agni, Dhatu & Mala, including well being at the level of Mana and Atma. The living body can function normally only when it’s Dosha, Dhatu, and Malaare in a state of equilibrium. Meda is the main Dushya and Kaphais the main Doshaof Medodhatu Vriddhi. Medodhatu Vriddhi is a Dushya dominant Vyadhi Therefore, it was expected that proposed drug KalpitTriphaladi Ghana Vati, check the pathogenesis of Medodhatu Vriddhi and act on the basic root cause of the disease and arrest the progress of the disease Medodhatu Vriddhi effectively.

Conceptual Studies

*Dr. Monika Sharma, **Dr. Sharad Maroti Porte, ***Dr. Anita Sharma

Protocol for Diagnosis and Management of Dushee Visha in Current Era

2016   |   July-September   |   VOLUME - X   |   ISSUE - 3

KEYWORDS - Dushi Visha, Cumulative Toxicity, Bioaccumulation, Bio purification.
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ABSTRACT

Dushi Visha is cumulative poisons which retains and accumulate within the tissues of human beings due to exposure seems prolonged period persistently. It may be originated from inanimate, animate or artificial source of poisons. These have less potent capsulated within lipophilic tissue and produce cumulative toxicity when it reaches more than permissible limit in human tissue. Metals and its compound, food additive like coloring agent, sweeteners and preservatives, pesticides, medicine like folic acid and vitamin A, Rodenticide like strychnous.These are some toxic substance which have similar etiology for Dushi visha. The patient of Dushi visha along with currently etiological factors will be diagnosed by talking positive history of direct exposure, clinical manifestations or current etiological substance of Dushi visha and trividha parikshan. The diagnosis will be confirmed by various laboratory findings of presence of toxic accumulated substance or its metabolites within the human tissue. After confirmation of the diagnosis of Dushi visha the patients should be subjected for either induce emesis or induce purgation or both after interval of 15 days. Peti seved should be used before the Sanshodhan karma and Samsarjan karma will be followed after pradhana karma as per scheduled. Essence of Lagenaria Siceraria (Bitter bottle gourd) and Milky Juice of Euphoria nerrifolia (Snuhi Ksheera) will be beneficial for emesis and purgation respectively. Dushi Vishari Agad and Kashyopokta Virechak to suppress the remaining effect of Dushi vishas. The symptomatic management of Dushi vishas will be done by using Tuth bhasm, Shrang Bhasm,Svarnmalini basant ras, Panchnimbadi Churanam, Lakshmivilas ras. Kalyan ghrit, Tripuro sundar ras and basant kusumakar ras respectively. Thus Ayurveda may play a major role the morbidity of Dushi vishas caused by various etiological factors in current era.

Conceptual Studies

*Dr. Chhaju Ram Yadav, **Dr. Ramesh Naik, ***Dr. Ankita

Skin realation to Doshaja Prakriti-An Ayurvedic review

2016   |   July-September   |   VOLUME - X   |   ISSUE - 3

KEYWORDS - Skin, Prakriti, Twacha.
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ABSTRACT

Skin is the largest covering of the body. According to Ayurveda, Twacha is originated from Matruja bhavas (maternal factor) and formed like the butter forming on the boiling milk (ksheerasyeva santhanikaa)1 on the developing embryo. The colour of Twacha varies according to Prakriti of individuals. The predominance of Panchabhoutika components also determines the colour of the skin. The normal colour of the skin is Gaura, Krishna, Krishna shyama, Gaura shyama2. The Vatika prakriti has Krishna varna, Pittika prakriti has Pingala,Gaura varna, and Kaphaja prakriti has Sukumara, Avadata colour. Skin protects the body from external elements like foreign organisms, dust particles, heat, cold and etc. According to Prakriti and Twacha individuals are advised to change their life style to avoid the skin diseases.

Literary Reviews

*Sherkhane Rahul Nagnath

Contribution ofSushrutaTo Urology

2016   |   July-September   |   VOLUME - X   |   ISSUE - 3

KEYWORDS - Mutraroga, Urology, Ayurveda, Basti
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ABSTRACT

Sushruta, the great sage surgeon, philosopher and teacher of ancient India, practiced around 1000 B.C. He is renowned all over the world for his contribution to surgery in general and plastic surgery in particular. But his contribution to urology is not well known to the medical world. His contribution to urology is reviewed here. Literature survey is the basis of this study. SushrutaSamhita, the treatise compiled by Sushruta, various commentaries on it by different authors and other related literature are used as primary sources.

Literary Reviews

*Dr. Ringzin Lamo, **Dr. Lalit Nagar, *** Dr. Sudipt Rath

Refine flour (Maida) as a hidden cause of Diabetes mellitus

2016   |   July-September   |   VOLUME - X   |   ISSUE - 3

KEYWORDS - Maida, Diabetes mellitus, Alloxan
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ABSTRACT

Diabetes is on the rise, yet most cases are preventable and some can even be reversed. Diabetes mellitus is one of the diseases where diet restrictions are more effective than the conventional treatment. But in the present life style people prefer to go for the treatment side rather to have diet restriction or the healthy diet. Taking steps to prevent and control diabetes doesn’t mean you are living in deprivation, it means eating a tasty and balanced diet that will also boost your energy and improve your mind. Most of the patients avoid sugar, sugar products, tubers etc but hardly change the flour they are eating, out of the several flours available in the market Maida is having most high glycemic index, whose usage has been increasing continuously in the form of tradional Indian snacks like samosa, bada pav, banana fry, fast foods like burger, pizza, chowmins and also it is major ingredient of bakery items. Maida is made up of wheat but while processing there are chemicals like Alloxan and several other bleaching agents are used. Alloxan is a toxic glucose analogue, which selectively destroys insulin-producing cells in the pancreas, when administered to rodents and many other animal species. This causes an insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (called “Alloxan Diabetes”) in these animals, with characteristics similar to type 1 diabetes in humans. The present paper highlights on the effects of maida and its fatal link to diabetes mellitus.

Literary Reviews

*Dr. Manish kumar Patel, **Dr.N.G.Gramopadhye

The Role Of Enviromental Pollutants In Causing Infertility

2016   |   July-September   |   VOLUME - X   |   ISSUE - 3

KEYWORDS -
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ABSTRACT

Infertility is the failure to naturally conceive a child even after one or more years of regular unprotected coitus or to carry a pregnancy to full term. Reasons such as weight, diet, smoking, other substance abuse, environmental pollutants, infections, medical conditions, medications, & family medical history could affect conception in couples. Infertility can arise from either of partners. In men, infertility is usually because of low numbers or poor quality of sperm & occurs in a women when she does not produce eggs regularly or because her fallopian tubes are damaged or blocked and the sperm cannot reach her eggs. The current research paper focuses on infertility due to environmental pollutant in present era.

Literary Reviews

*Dr. Konica Gera, **Dr. Nellufar, ***Dr. Baldev Kumar

A Conceptual & Critical Review of Occupational Health Hazards in the Race of Gender Equality – An Ayurvedic Perspective

2016   |   July-September   |   VOLUME - X   |   ISSUE - 3

KEYWORDS - Occupational Health, Gender Equality, International Labor Organization, Worksite Health Promotion, Ayurveda in Occupational Health, Work and Women, Female Health
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ABSTRACT

“Occupational Health” is very well defined by the W.H.O. as a method of Medical Science for promoting and maintaining the state of physical, mental, social and spiritual well-being in all occupations, preventing the loss of health caused by working conditions. It is a part of the responsibilities of medical science to work on the methods of prevention of health hazards caused at occupational front to allow smooth working of the employees for the contribution to the economy of the nation. “Gender Equality” is the objective of the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which seeks to create equality in law and in social situations, such as in democratic activities and securing equal pay for equal work. It is a fact that all women work as they perform dual roles of production and reproduction. Although women work for longer hours and contribute substantially to family income, they are not perceived as workers by either the women themselves or data collecting agencies and the government. According to International Labor Organization, 2/3rd of the working hours around the world are worked by women because of the combination of various roles in the workplace, family and society. To understand the occupational health problems faced by women & the role Ayurveda can play as a solution to the health hazards caused by occupational stress & strain, it was necessary to make a detailed study of the women’s work in terms of the actual activity under taken, the hours of work and the extent of remuneration received. In India, most of the women are employed in the unorganized sector, which includes agricultural laborers, workers in traditional village and cottage industries, migrants to the cities in domestic service, street vendors, etc which are generally ignored in terms of occupation. Apart from these activities, they spend almost 10-12 hours per day doing household chores. Ayurveda understands the distinct anatomy and physiological roles played by female counterparts & Samhitas have devoted a separate Sthana i.e. Sharira Sthana to highlight their special needs. The detailed descriptions in relation to female health are compiled under Balarogvigyana of Ashtang Ayurveda. Distinct approach of Ayurveda like Rasayan therapy, Panchakarma for detoxification and as a curative tool, herbal preprations, ahaar and vihar along with the drugs, GarbhiniParicharya, Sutika Paricharya etc. can do wonders in maintaining & improving female occupational health.

Editoral

Prof. Sanjeev Sharma

Relevance of exploration and validation of traditional and folklore practices in strengthening Ayurveda

2016   |   July-September   |   VOLUME - X   |   ISSUE - 3

KEYWORDS -
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ABSTRACT

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