Garbhini Pandu/Anaemia in pregnancy is a common disease. In India, the prevalence of anemia in
pregnant women is as high as 88%. WHO defines anaemia in pregnancy as presence of haemoglobin less than
11gm/dl and haematocrit less than o.33gm/dl. However in India and most of the developing countries, the
lower limit is often accepted as 10gm/dl. Clinical features of anaemia depend up on the degree of anaemia.
The common features of anaemia are pallor of varying degree, fatigue, dyspnoea, anorexia, swelling on legs,
palpitation, pica etc. In Ayurvedic text, there is no direct description of garbhni pandu, but indirectly
garbhini pandu is described in garbhini lakshanas by different acharyas as physiological garbhini pandu &
Mahrishi Harit described about garbhini pandu as “Vivarantvam” in astha garbhopodarva and by other
acharyas in garbhavyapad as a pathological garbhini pandu.
The present study was conducted on 30 clinically diagnosed and confirmed patients of Garbhini Pandu.
The study was conducted with an objective of evaluating the role of Shatavari-Mandur and Iron folic acid
tablets in the management of Garbhini Pandu. Group A patients were treated with oral administration of
Shatavari-Mandur 500 mg b.i.d. Group B patients were treated with Iron folic acid tablets 1 b.i.d. During
the present trial it was observed that there was highly significant improvement in clinical manifestation of
anaemia after therapy with both drugs. But the percentage of relief was more in Shatavari-Mandur than Iron
folic acid tablets. The level of Hb, TRBC, PCV, MCV, MCH, MCHC, Serum Iron increases after therapy and
level of TIBC decreases in both groups.
*Dr. Seema Ahlawat, **Prof. Radhey Shyam Sharma
A Clinical Trial On Yapana Basti In Reducing Toxic Effects of Chemotherapy and Radiotherapy
This study evaluates the efficacy of Vayasthapanaadi Mahakashaya, administered in the form of
Yapana Basti in cancer patients who were receiving chemotherapy or Radio therapy. Eighty two patients of
Primary and Secondary stage of cancer were selected from Radiotherapy Department of SMS Medical College
and hospital and divided into five groups. Various toxic effects of Chemotherapy and Radiotherapy were
assessed and then compared to the Groups in which Basti Karma was done. Duration of Basti was 16 days
and follow-up was of 2 months. Clinically all the patients who received Basti, showed marked improvement
in all of their subjective parameters. Encouraging results were observed in hematological parameters too,
which suggests that Vayasthapanaadi Yapana Basti could be a very effective adjuvant therapy in reducing
side effects of chemo and Radiotherapy.
*Dr. B. Swapna,**Prof. Ananthashayanachary,***Prof. H.K.Kushwah
A Comparative Study of Pracchana Karma And Jalaukavacharana In Vicharchika W.S.R. To Eczema
Skin represents the Integumentary system which is a 1.7 m2 barrier separating the potentially harmful
environment from the body’s vulnerable interior. The commonest afflictions of this organ involve contagious
and irritating pathologies, of which eczema is a disgusting condition rendering mental disturbance to the
sufferer. Eczematous diseases are very common with an estimated prevalence of more than 10% in the general
population. In ayurvedic parlance Vicharchika, a disease among 18 Kushtas, appears to be the collective
manifestation of all the clinical conditions of Eczema. The treatment approaches in Vicharchika are according
to doshic predominance where Charakacharya specified Pracchana Karma in Kshudra Kushta and
Jalaukavacharana in Kushta roga. The present research work compared the efficacy of both the procedures
in Vicharchika. Group B subjects got significant (P<0.05) result in all symptoms by Jalaukavacharana,
whereas Group A subjects got significant result in all symptoms except in Shyama Lohita Vrana (P>0.167).
Among 15 subjects of Group B all the subjects got significant result (P<0.05) by Jalaukavacharana, in 15
subjects of Group A one subject didn’t get significant result (P>0.195/2) by Pracchana karma.
Dyslipidemia is a serious lifestyle disorder in today’s era, in which lipoproteins are abnormally
elevated. It is a silent disorder with high rate of complication, morbidity like cardio vascular disease, diabetes,
hypertension, atherosclerosis etc and mortality. Dyslipidemia can be studied under medodhatu dushti in
Ayurvedic classics, which can be correlated to Shareera Anukrama Atisneha. Shareera Anukrama Atisneha
is santarpanajanya avastha. Hence it needs apatarpana chikitsa. Guduchyadi churna explained in the context
of atisthoulya which is supposed to get rid of vikruta kapha and meda. Objectives: The trail was designed
to evaluate the effect of Guduchyadi churna in Dyslipidemia w.s.r to Shareera Anukrama Atisneha. Trial
Design: Double blind randomized controlled clinical trial.
Guduchyadi churna has been mentioned in the asthaniditiya adhyaya context of Charaka. 30 patients
attending OPD& IPD of Kayachikitsa, K.L.E.U. Shri B. M. Kankanawadi Ayurveda Hospital, Shahapur –
Belagavi and were divided in two equal and identical groups, namely A and B consisting of 15 patients in
each group by using computerised block randomisation table. Group A received 12gmVidangadi churna for
30 days and Group B received Guduchyadi churna for 30 days. During follow up period both groups were
received Cap-Placebo 500mg BD for 30 days. Outcome: Study shows there is a significant difference within
both the groups (p<0.0001) But there was no significant difference between the groups at all the timelines.
The drug effect was significant in both the groups with slightly better result in group B on all the
anthropometric parameters and serum triglycerides and VLDL.
Laghu Gokshura (Tribulusterrestris) and Brhata Gokshura (Pedalium murex) are well known drugs
used in Ayurveda as Aphrodisiac and are component of many vajikarana formulations used in the Ayurvedic
system of medicine since many centuries. Present study provides a detailed report of the Clinical work carried
out to evaluate Vrishya Karma of Brhata Gokshura (Pedalium murex Linn.) and Gokshura (Tribulusterrestris
Linn.) with special reference to Oligospermia and early ejaculation. For is purpose 60 Male patients having
Oligospermia and premature Ejaculation were selected from OPD and IPD of National Institute of Ayurveda
Hospital. Grouped in two. Group A received Laghu Gokshura Churna and Group B received Brhata Gokshura
Churna for 45 days in the dose of 5 gm BD.On comparing the results of both the group on Seminal Parameters,
Clinical parameters and Subjective parameters it was observed that Brhata Gokshura gave more relief in
percentage as compared to Gokshura on all parameters. Hence On the basis of above obtained results, it can
be concluded that there are two varieties of Gokshura both having well differentiated morphological and
pharmacological characters. Both are having diuretic and aphrodisiac property, but Brhata Gokshura is
considered as better among the two.
The ultimate goal in Yoga is Moksha and in Ayurveda the foremost aim is to live a healthy and
prosperous life with the aim to fulfil Purusharth Chatustaya. Body is the only medium to fulfil and achieving
these aims. The journey starts from outward and ends inward. The first step to reach towards the destiny is
purity and cleanliness. In the new world or modern era the knowledge and awareness of the body and mind
fades as the time passes away. Now a day there is more emphasis on personal hygiene which is confined to
only physical cleanliness but Ayurveda and Yoga described the actual importance of Shoucha in real terms.
Ayurveda and Yoga guides the righteous path of living, which is more advanced and scientific. They emphasise
on each and every level i.e. physical, mental, social and spiritual very minutely. Thus the importance of
shoucha has its great significance.
*Dr. Laxmi Maharana, **Dr. Om Prakash Dadhich
Concept of Bioavailability and Bio efficacy enhancement of drug throughAyurveda
2016 | January-March | VOLUME - X | ISSUE - 1
KEYWORDS - Ayurveda, Bioavailability, bioenhancer, drug efficacy
Ayurveda is a holistic science, it not only treats disease but concerned about healthy being. In the
quest of health Ayurveda depicts many of Principles so that a complete wellness can be achieved. There are
also several ways described for the betterment of treatment or to increase the efficiency of drug. For above
described aim one of which is to increase the efficacy and bioavailability of nutrient and drug for the better
health as well as treatment. One of the principle is recently proved by C.K.Atal as bioenhancer which can be
correlated by the term Yogavahi in Ayurveda which is based on the principle of Synergism for enhancing
bioavailability of drugs, have produced a revolutionary shift in the way medicines are administered. It offers
a fine example of the benefit of integrating an ancient system with modern medicine in both theory and
There are many other ways for the same which can be useful for future perspective of treatment as
well as research.
Terminologies form the basis of defining, understanding and communication of a science. Various
terminologies are described and used in modern Allopathic medical system and in Ayurveda. An etymological
study into the origins of these terminologies show some similarities in the origin of these terminologies and
hence helps to reveal the common ground between these terminologies which are currently in two entirely
different languages. The etymological similarity in terms of their origins from Proto-Indo-European roots
helps in a better understanding of these terminologies.
The application of medical knowledge for the administration of law and accusation of assailants is
called as forensic medicine. The crime rate has been increased day by day in all over world including India.
As the advanced technology is available and modified daily, the way, means and mode of crime also changed.
The modern science has also adopted the advanced technology to adopt the process in crime investigation
and playing a major role in prosecution of guilty. Ayurdea is an ancient science which having a store of
medical knowledge regarding disease and its management along with some medico legal problems faced at
that time. Ayurveda has discussed the death, types and causes of death in detail including throttling,
strangulation, drowning, asphyxia, thermal injury, mechanical injury. Ayurveda has also found the prodromal
clinical features regarding death in case of ingested poison, snake bite, mechanical injury which gives clue in
investigation. Ayurveda has mentioned the examination of blood and food in suspected poisoning which
indicates poisoning in homicidal incidences. Ayurveda has also discussed the importance of anatomical
dissection of human body and elaborated specific postmortem sign in throttling, strangulation, drowning,
hanging etc.Physical examination of stomach and its content in laboratory has also described in Ayurveda
to rule out the poisoning. Sexual offences like rape, false accusation, adultery, incest has also mentioned in
Ayurveda in view of medico legal aspect. Age determination in abortion and mechanical criminal abortion
has also found. Thus Ayurveda may play a major role and give some important clue, guideline to medico
legal examination in some extent.