ISSN:2582-7693

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Journal of Ayurveda

A Peer Reviewed Research Publication of
National Institute of Ayurveda, Jaipur

TABLE OF CONTENT

2020   |   July-September   |   VOLUME - XIV   |   ISSUE - 3

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Editoral

Prof. Sanjeev Sharma

Integrative Medicine

2020   |   July-September   |   VOLUME - XIV   |   ISSUE - 3

KEYWORDS -
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Clinical Studies

Dr. Manish Singh,Dr. Kedar Lal Meena,Late Dr. Govind Pareek

Clinical Study of Pathyadi Yoga and Bibhitaka Curna in the management of Tamakashvasa

2020   |   July-September   |   VOLUME - XIV   |   ISSUE - 3

KEYWORDS - Tamakashvasa, Bibhitaka gutika, Pathyadi,gutika, Cough
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Tamakashvasa is mentioned as one of the variety among panchavidha shvasa in ayurvediya classics. It is mentioned as chronic in nature and compared to bronchial asthma. It has been reported that 2-7% of Indians have asthma prevalence for hospitalizations and while considering Global scenario, fatal asthma has increased in the United States over the past 20 years. The Present study was done to assess the efficacy of Pathyadi Yoga and Bibhitaka Curna on Tamakashvasa.30 patients taken under inclusion criteria from OPD & IPD of NIA, Jaipur were randomly divided into 2 groups of 15 patients in each group. Group-A and group-B patients were given Pathyadi gutika and Bibhitaka gutika respectively in a dose of 4 gm to keep in their mouth after food for three times a day for the duration of 30 days and left for 15 days without medicine. Pathyadi gutika contains Pathya, Sunthi, Ghana, Guda and Bibhitaka gutika contains Bibhitaka, Guda. Assessments of the results were done on the basis of subjective parameters then results were analyzed by using suitable statistical test. Both groups showed highly significant effects on most of the subjective parameters. Group A showed significant improvement in symptoms Cough (p=0.000051), Frequency of Bouts of Respiration (p=0.000748), Duration of Attack (p=0.000926), Comfort after Expectoration, (p=0.001316), while Group B showed significant improvement in symptoms Duration of Attack (p-0.000013), Cough (p=0.000035), Comfort after Expectoration (p=0.000748), Pain in the Chest and Flank (p=0.002957), Frequency of Bouts of Respiration (p<0.00001) and Unable to Breathe while Lying (p=0.000074).

Clinical Studies

Dr. Shantanu Tiwari,Dr. Sarvesh Kumar Agrawal,Prof. Kamalesh Kumar Sharma

A clinical trial to evaluate the role of pranayama in pre-hypertension

2020   |   July-September   |   VOLUME - XIV   |   ISSUE - 3

KEYWORDS - Prehypertension, Anulomaviloma,Bhramari Pranayama
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Introduction: In India about 23% peoples are Hypertensive while 38 % are pre- Hypertensive. Hypertension and Prehypertension is a major risk factor for the development of cardiovascular disease and cerebrovascular disease causing high rate of mortality and morbidity. Presents study throws a detailed light on preventive efficacy of pranayama in prehypertension. Method: The present study was undertaken to study the role of Bharamari Pranayam and Anulomviloma Pranayama on prehypertension. 34 patients of prehypertension were selected from OPD, NIA, Jaipur by random sampling for this study. The samples were divided in two groups, Group-A for Anulomaviloma Pranayama and group-B for Bhramari Pranayama. The Pranayamas were practiced by the subjects every day for two months. The Lipid profiles and blood pressures were compared one day prior and one day after experimental period. Results: On statistical analysis, Anulomaviloma and Bhramari Pranayama were found to have significant favorable effect on blood pressure and lipid profile. Conclusion: On the basis of the various observations and results obtained after completion of the current research study, it can be concluded that, Bhramari pranayama and Anoloma-viloma pranayama may be used in the prevention of hypertension in prehypertensive phase. On symptomatic analysis and percentage wise analysis in some symptoms, better results were observed in Group-B by Bibhitaka gutika. So it is concluded that Bibhitaka gutika is more effective than Pathyadi gutika in management of Tamakashvasa.

Literary Reviews

Dr. Priyadeep raj,Dr. B. Swapna

Critical analysis of vyanga with melasma -A review article

2020   |   July-September   |   VOLUME - XIV   |   ISSUE - 3

KEYWORDS - Kshudra roga, Vyanga , Melasma, Ayurveda
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Kshudra roga refers to minor skin diseases. Kshudra roga is made up of two words i.e. kshudra and roga. Kshudra means alpa or short/small /minor and roga means Disease Acharya Sushruta has mentioned 44 kshudra rogas, out of which Vyanga is a common kshudra roga affecting the face concerned with the beauty and personality of a person. Melasma is a common acquired and symmetrical hypermelanosis characterized by more or less dark brownish maculae with irregular contour, but clear limits, on photo-exposed areas especially the face, forehead, temples and more rarely on the nose, eyelids, chin and upper lips. Vyanga aggravates by krodha and aayasa, gets associated with pitta and produces Niruja (painless) and Shyav varna Mandalas (bluish-black patches) on face. On the basis of clinical features it can be perceived as facial melanosis, one of the hyperpigmented disorders. This review may be helpful in better understanding of comparative pathophysiology and management of Vyanga and Melasma.

Literary Reviews

Dr. Prachisha. P.C,Dr. Sumit Nathani

Review on aahara according to prakriti

2020   |   July-September   |   VOLUME - XIV   |   ISSUE - 3

KEYWORDS - Prakriti, Aahara, Pathya, Apathya, Satmya, Asatmya, Ayurveda
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Classical texts of ayurveda had outlined about aahara in various contexts like aaharavarga, aahara kalpana, pathya apathya of various diseases etc. While detailing the characteristics of prakriti, acharya have mentioned the satmya rasa, guna etc. for each prakriti. Aahara improve nutrition, immunity and health when used in proper time and in a suitable individual. Here, the present review had compiled different aahara kalpana and aaharavarga mentioned in authentic Ayurveda texts according to its action in different prakriti. The analysis of aharavarga and ahara kalpana had been done according to its bhuta adhikya, rasa, guna, virya,a ndvipaka; along with satmya and asatmy abhava of prakriti. Similarly, this review has analyzed and categorized hita & ahitaahara for different prakriti. Analysis of the compiled data reveals that, an individual with Vataprakriti is found to be satmya for madhura-amla-lavana rasa; snigdha-ushna-guru-sthiraslakshnaguna; ushnavirya; madhura-amlavipaka; prithvi-ap-tejobhutapradhanadravya; and Pitta prakriti individual is satmya for kashaya-tikta-madhura rasa; rooksha-manda-sheeta-guru-sthiraguna; sitavirya; madhuravipaka; vayuaakasha-prithvibhutapradhanadravya; and Kaphaprakriti individual is satmya for katu-tikta-kashaya rasa; rukshaushna-laghu-teekshna-khara-vishada-saraguna; ushnavirya; katuvipaka; agni-vayu-aakash abhuta Pradhan adravya. Hence, this study accommodate the diet planning process of each prakriti and thus, improve prevention of diseases and promotion of healthy life of the individuals.

Literary Reviews

Dr. Monika Kumari,Dr. Asit K. Panja,Dr. K. L. Meena,Dr. Prabhakar Vardhan

An Insight into Anthropology from Ayurveda perspective

2020   |   July-September   |   VOLUME - XIV   |   ISSUE - 3

KEYWORDS - Anthropology, Ayurveda, evolution, satva, desha
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Objective.: To appraise the contribution of Ayurveda science in anthropology.Data Source: The data source is of secondary type which includes Ayurveda classical texts, modern literature viz. as journals and websites related to anthropology.Review Methods; The review method adopted was critical review in which classical and contemporary literature pertaining to anthropology was extensively researched and critically evaluated. Conceptual contribution of Ayurveda science in the field of anthropology has been symbolized. Result, and Conclusion; In Ayurveda every emphasis is laid to give a detailed account of possible angles of human life right from the evolution, existence and up to death. The origin of human being is explained in a philosophical way from avyakta (unmanifest) which is regarded as the eventual basis of evolution. Three stages namely unmanifest, manifested and unmanifest along with the passion and delusion as the cause of birth and death have been explored scientifically. Physical characters and certain psychological characters have been explained on the basis of dosha prakriti. Evolutionary developments of human physical characters have been explained from five proto-elements. The human behaviour is determined by the variations in psychological states (satva) viz. as shuddha (pure), rajasa (passionate) and tamas (ignorant). Means and importance of social and cultural maturity have been dealt in an excellent way. Few examples in texts enlighten acharyas well acquaintance to genetics also. Adaptability to beneficial dietary measures and life style is encouraged. A detailed description of three types of desha (regions) such as jangal (dry), anupa (tropical) and sadharana (normal) and their contamination, detrimental weather changes along with their management by rejuvenator and purification therapies has been given. Thus Ayurveda preserves its own approach in anthropology.

Case Studies

Achala R Kumawat,Gopesh Mangal

An ayurvedic approach to the management of darunaka with sheetapitta: a case study

2020   |   July-September   |   VOLUME - XIV   |   ISSUE - 3

KEYWORDS - Dandruff, Darunaka, Samshodhana, Sheetapitta, Urticaria
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Dandruff and Urticaria are few of the most common worries in adulthood. Dandruff, the visible desquamation of scalp, is the mildest manifestation of seborrheic dermatitis. Chronic urticaria has a significant impact on quality-oflife due to the constant sensation of itching, regular recurrence, and unknown etiology. Dandruff can be considered as Darunaka in Ayurvedic parlance possessing resemblance in their clinical manifestations. Similarly, Urticaria can be correlated with Sheetapitta. Urticaria and Dandruff, both conditions do not have any satisfactory cure in contemporary system of medicine, relapses being the main cause for inclining towards Ayurvedic system of medicine. Ayurveda can provide a virtuous effect in dandruff with the help of Panchakarma procedures, daily regimen, and many Aushadha Yoga. A 25 years old patient approached with complaints of Shirah Kandu (Itching over scalp), Keshabhoomi Rukshata (dryness of scalp), Twak Sphutana (~Cracks in the skin), and Kesha Chyuti (~Hair fall). He also had itchy rashes over his trunk region. In present case, classical Shodhana (Major purification therapy) was planned followed by Shamana (~Pacification) drugs. The improvement provided by the Shodhana therapy was assessed based on sign and symptoms before and after the treatment. The therapies were found effective in controlling sign and symptoms of Darunaka and Sheetapitta.

Case Studies

Dr. Suman Sharma,Dr. Abhishek Upadhyaya,Dr. Manorma Singh,Dr. Rahul Sharma,Prof. Sanjeev Sharma

Ayurvedic Management of Diabetic Foot Ulcer – A Case Report

2020   |   July-September   |   VOLUME - XIV   |   ISSUE - 3

KEYWORDS - Diabetic foot ulcer, Amputation, Wound healing, Leech application, Prameha Pidika
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Diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) is the most typical complication of diabetes mellitus with a poor prognosis due to micro and macrovascular changes as a result of uncontrolled sugar level. Ayurveda has considered such ulcers as Dushta Vrana and many modalities like oral medication, blood-letting, wound debridement etc. have been advocated for their management. Present case report deals with a male patient aged 49 years, having a diabetic ulcer on the dorsal aspect of left 5th toe and adjoining redundant webspace. He already had an amputation of his first four toes three years back. The patient was an estab case of diabetes mellitus type II and hypertension and was on medication for both disease conditions. We gave him adjuvant Ayurvedic medicines to control his blood glucose level and hypertension. The wound also managed on Ayurvedic lines. This treatment resulted in complete wound healing.

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