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Journal of Ayurveda

A Peer Reviewed Research Publication of
National Institute of Ayurveda, Jaipur

TABLE OF CONTENT

2011   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - V   |   ISSUE - 4

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Clinical Studies

*Dr. W. J. Wickramarachchi, **Prof. A. K. Sharma

Evaluation of the role of Shodhana therapy along with Rasayana therapy and the Biophysical Changes produced in the normal subjects - A pilot study

2011   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - V   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Amalaki Rasayana, Shodhana therapy, Vamana Karma, Virechana Karma
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ABSTRACT

The present study was conducted on 70 apparently normal subjects to evaluate the role of Shodhana and Rasayana therapy on various scientific parameters. Subjects were divided into two groups and Shodhana Karma was administered in the form of Vamana Karma and Virechana Karma for group one. Thereafter Amalakai Rasayana was given to the cleansed (Shodhita) subjects. The group two was given only Amalaki Rasayana without cleansing the subjects. It was observed that there were highly significant changes in subjective and objective parameters of group one which was treated with Shodhana followed by Rasayana, whereas significant changes were observed in group two also which was treated with only Amalaki Rasayana. It was also observed that the growing feeling of well being was markedly improved in the subjects of group one. Considering various factors, it can be concluded that Shodhana therapy as well as Rasayana therapy can produce significant changes on bio-physical factors without producing any toxic or harmful effects to the body

Clinical Studies

*Dr. Pushpa Sharma, **Dr. Sushila Sharma, ***Prof. R. S. Sharma

Clinical Evaluation ofTriphala-Guggulu & Panchatikta-Ghrita Uttara-Basti (Intrauterine) In The Management of Uterine Fibroid

2011   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - V   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS -
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ABSTRACT

Garbhashaya arbuda or uterine fibroid is one of the most common & least discussed of female afflictions. Uterine leiomyoma being the one of most common benign tumours in women amongst all neoplasms, is responsible for a large number of hysterectomies. Panchakarma therapy offers a ray of hope for such debilitating conditions, for which no effective medical treatment is available in modern science. Management of fibroid has become a global challenge. An effective & safe treatment of fibroid is a matter of great concern for physicians as well as surgeons. In Ayurveda a large number of drugs possessing anticancerous or antineoplastic properties have been mentioned, many recipes of drugs mentioned in the texts for the management of fibroid, of them Triphala-guggulu & Panchatikta-ghrita were chosen to evaluate their efficacy for the management of fibroid.

Clinical Studies

*Dr. Shalini Tewari, **Prof. Abhimanyu Kumar

Clinical Study on The Efficacy ofAkshadi Yog & Pratimarsha Nasya In The Management of Recurrent Upper Respiratory Tract Infection In Children

2011   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - V   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS -
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ABSTRACT

Recurrent respiratory infections are a serious health problem in childhood. It has been very well described in the classics that children, due to various anatomical, physiological and immunological peculiarities, are prone to develop recurrent infections.The concept of immunology is correlated in Ayurveda as vyadhikshamatwa. Various drug and regimens that are capable to strengthening body’s immune defense system have been described in classics. Considering these facts, a clinical study to evaluate the effect of an Ayurvedic compound and Pratimarsh nasya, has been planned. The proposed multimodal drug, “Akshadi yog” is having few potent herbal medicines possessing rasayana,agnivardhaka, aampachaka, srotoshodhaka, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial and mucolytic effect.

Clinical Studies

*Vd. Amit R. Nampalliwar, **Dr. D.K. Puri, ***Dr. S. R. Saley

The Efficacy of Punarnavadi Taila Matra Basti In The Management of Vataja Hridroga

2011   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - V   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Vataja Hridroga, Punarnavadi Taila, Matra Basti.
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ABSTRACT

Over the years the heart has become more and more vulnerable to derangement with the result that cardiac disorders have become one among the major killers of present days in developed and developing countries. Basti Chiktsa has been advocated and practiced by Ayurvedic clinicians. Basti chikitsa has more therapeutic effect than other types of treatments that are used to cure various chronic illnesses. In this context scientific explanations are highly warranted to establish the efficacy of Basti treatment. Thus the present study was undertaken with the aim - “To Study the Efficacy of Punarnavadi Taila Matra Basti in Vataja Hridroga.” For the study, 60 patients having symptoms of Vataja Hridroga like Hrudshul (chest pain), Hrudrava (palpitation), Swasawarodha (dyspnea) etc. were selected from IPD & OPD of GAC Nanded, and randomly divided into two groups. Group - A (Trial Group) - 30 patients were administered the Matra Basti of Punaranavadi Taila only. Group - B (Control Group) - 30 patients were kept on placebo treatment. After study, it was observed that the relief of symptoms in Group-A was statistically significant which suggest that punarnavadi tail matra basti is efficacious in Vataja Hridroga and in Group-B it was observed that no relief in symptoms of Hridshul, Hriddrava, Shwasawarodha. Also both the groups showed relief in psychological symptoms like Shoka, Bhaya, etc. No side or toxic effects were noted in any of the patients during the trial period.

Clinical Studies

*Das Mahapatra Kousik, **Sharma Naresh Kr. , ***Gandharv Satish Kumar , ****Kumar Baldev, *****Dave Hetal H

Evaluation of Anxiety in differentdehaprakriti(body constitution) & effect of Tinospora cordifolia (Guduchi)

2011   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - V   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Anxiety, Sinha Anxiety Scale, Tinospora cordifolia, Alkaloids, effictive, safe, low cost, easily available, Anxiolytic.
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ABSTRACT

Background: Anxiety of same origin does not affect the two individuals equally. Moreover the effect of same drug is not equal on those individuals. Just because of their dehaprakriti that perception of anxiety and effect of drug are being different. Tinospora is an effective Anxiolytic therapy. Methods: 30 (Intend to treat population (ITT) clinically anxious patients were taken as random sample, out of which 4 patients have discontinued their medicines. N=26 individuals have continued the usual stipulated course of medicine in a dose of 3gms/day for 60m days. Follow up taken in every 15 days. All patients were been assessed by “Sinha Anxiety Scale (SAS)”. The primary efficacy variable was the change in mean number of true points SAS. Results: Tinospora treatment was associated with a reduction in mean number of true points SAS. A significantly greater percentage of Tinospora using patients (68%) experienced better relief by 5th week. Very few patients have experienced mild weakness and hypoglycemia. Follow up taken in every 15 days. Conclusion: This pilot study suggests that Tinospora may be an effective Anxiolytic therapy. It was well tolerated in this population. Further randomized studies would be required to definitely establish the efficacy of Tinospora.

Clinical Studies

*Dr. R. S. Ranawat, **Prof. N. S. Chundawat

A Comparative Study of Bhastrika Yogic Kriya And Jatamansi Ghana Vati In The Management of Insomnia

2011   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - V   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Insomnia, Jata mansi Ghanavati (Pre-established drug), Bhastrika yogic Kriya
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ABSTRACT

In the modern era the sleep disorder are increasing abundantly. In this sleep disorder Insomnia being faced promptly by people who are not following the sleep hygiene. The prolonged or abnormal inability to this sleep is known as Insomnia. The aim of researcher and subject of this study is the re-establish the Ratriswabhava-prabhava Nidra, which is natural and according to biological clock by Bhastrika yogic kriya. Because it is indeed in present era to find out or explore the non medicinal remedy of life style diseases like insomnia. The kwatha and ghana form of jatamansi is being used in cases of insomnia and hypertension. The Bhastrika Yogic Kriya regulates the functions of Trigranthis by increasing blood flow so it is expected to get results

Clinical Studies

*Dr. Kamleshwar Prasad, **Dr. S. K. Sharma, ***Prof. Piyush S. Mehta

Etiopathological Study of Kamala (jaundice) w.s.r. to Koshthashakhashrita Kamala (hepato-cellular jaundice) and Upashayatmaka Study of Navayas Churna

2011   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - V   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS -
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ABSTRACT

Kamala roga as described in Ayurveda is much similar to the jaundice of modern medical science in all respect, because all most common sign & symptoms of kamala i.e. Yellowish discoloration of eyes, mouth, skin & nails like the color of turmeric and frog of rainy season, are illustrated in both medical sciences. Kamala has been classified into two groups on the basis of their residence and pathology. First is koshthashrita, it arises due to excess break down of erythrocytes and second is shakhashrita, due to intraheapatic cholestasis. Both types of jaundice are very much close to the extrhepaic and intrhepatic jaundice. In the present clinical study, clinically diagnosed patients were given Navayas churna 500 mg twice daily for duration of 1 month with honey as Anupan. Patients were thoroughly assessed on different subjective and objective parameters every fortnight. After 30 days of therapy, a significant improvement in clinical parameters and laboratory investigations were observed. Thus Navayas churna along with honey as Anupana has a definite role in management of koshthashakhashrita kamala (Hepato-cellular jaundice).

Clinical Studies

*Dr. Kashinath. Samagandi, **Dr. Jagriti Sharma,***Dr. Kamalesh Kumar Sharma,****Dr.Shiva Kumar,****Dr.Tapas Brata Tripathy

Pilot Study To Compare Two Indigenious Drug’s In Type-II Diabetes Mellitus W.S.R, Madhu Meha

2011   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - V   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS -
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ABSTRACT

It is a pilot study conducted on patients of Diabetes mellitus Type II which shows signs and symptoms similar to Madhumeha, which comes under the Vataja type of Prameha. This is the preliminary study conducted over the 10 subjects before trying over the larger samples. This study was taken by seeing the present statistics of the incidence and prevalence of diabetes mellitus in the community.Two indigenious drugs are, one is Whaet grass in the form of juice and another is the Nisha Amalaki compound in the form of the 500 mg tablets. Logic behind the selection of the wheat grass is by influence of traditional practice by rural peoples of Karnataka state, and Nisha amalaki by classical ayurveda excellance. Aims of the present study was to evaluate the anti-diabetic effect of Wheat grass juice and Nisha-Amalaki and to compare the effects of both .Materials and methods of the study were planned on 2 groups .one group was administerd with Wheat grass juice, 2nd group with Nisha amalaki group.Result & Discussion of the study revealed that Wheat grass juice showed good result in relieving the subjective criteria’s viz. Kshudhadhikyata, Daurbalya and Pipasadhikyata and objective criteria’s FBS when compared to Nisha Amalaki group after 10 days

Pharmaceutical Study

*Ilanchezhian R, **Roshy Joseph C, ***Rabinarayan Acharya

Concept of Shodhana (Purification / Processing) And Its Impact on Certain Poisonous Herbal Drugs

2011   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - V   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Ayurveda,Shodhana,Purification,Processing,Poisonous herbs,Media
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ABSTRACT

Ayurveda stresses on the need for Shodhana (purification / processing) of poisonous herbal drugs. After proper Shodhana only the herbals like Aconite, Strychnos and Semecarpus etc, should be administered to the patients. Purification is necessary to render chemical and physical purity to the drug. By the process, the drugs become therapeutically more effective and also less toxic. Herbal drugs are being reported for their toxic effect now-a-days in different scientific journals. The knowledge of traditional purification methods mentioned in various Ayurvedic classics for poisonous herbal drugs is necessary in present era. Here an attempt has been made to compile the various methods used for purification of the poisonous herbal drugs including latest scientific evidence regarding the role of Shodhana and major chemical constituent responsible for poisonous effect. The results showed that the toxic chemical constituents were reduced after Shodhana.

Pharmaceutical Study

*Dr. Nalini Rameshrao Hedaoo, ** Dr.V. Nageswara Rao

Pharmaceutical Standardization of ‘Maha Shankha Vati’

2011   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - V   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Maha Shankha Vati, SOP (Standard operative procedure).
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ABSTRACT

Ayurvedic classics describe guidelines for manufacturing medicines by deciding factors like place of origin and time of collection of raw material, specific part and quality of raw material etc. In the present scenario, it is quite impossible for any manufacturing unit to follow these instructions due to commercial compulsion. The situation resulted in production of sub-standard Ayurvedic medicine, so because of unavailability of safe and efficacious drugs, Ayurveda has failed in its way to provide safe efficacious quality medicine. We live an era, where sophisticated and advanced technologies are easily available to us. There is need of proper standardization of Ayurvedic drugs at various levels. Hence, in the present study, we tried for proper standardization on the basis of Ayurvedic & Modern parameters.

Conceptual Studies

*Dr. Shyam Lal Sharma, **Prof. M.S. Meena

Upadhatu Vivechan - A Conceptual Study

2011   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - V   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Dhatu, Upadhatu, Dhatvagni
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ABSTRACT

Upadhatu, like dhatu, is a group of vital component of the body which is responsible for the proper maintains of body. These are formed on due course of metabolic process with the direct influence of dhatvagni. Different views regarding the upadhatu are available in different classics which are considered from different stand point. Knowledge of all clinical consideration and consequence are inevitable prior to entire in the clinical practice. Scientific analysis upadhatus and their practical annotation are the main aim of this article.

Conceptual Studies

*Dr. P .V. Kulkarni, **Dr. S. M. Vaidya

Oja Vis A Vis Immunity

2011   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - V   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Oja, Immunity, Bala, Sara, Visramsa
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ABSTRACT

Ojas is the one which keeps all the living beings refreshed. There can be no life without ojas. Ojas marks the beginning of the formation of embryo. It is the nourishing fluid of the embryo.It enters the heart right at the stage of the latter s initial formation. Loss of ojas amounts to the loss of life itself. It sustains the life and is located in the heart. It constitutes the essence of all the tissue elements .The elan vital owes its existence to it. But all this action of ojas manifest itself in different ways, only with the help of blood vessels. So these vessels play an important role in the maintainenance of health. The actions described here pertain to both the types of ojas.It is this ojas where the soul is lodged after the union of the sperm and ovum. It is the essence or the slime material formed as a result of the union of the sperm and ovum. Entrance of ojas into the heart of the embryo manifest the cardiac activities.

Conceptual Studies

*#A K Panja, **S. Choudhury , ***S. Rath, ****A. Chattopadhyaya

The Role of Rasayan In Infection

2011   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - V   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - micro-organism, infection, rasayan, immunity
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ABSTRACT

The diseases in ayurveda are categorized into two categories, e.g. endogenous and exogenous. Infections exercise a major part among the exogenous categories. A vivid description of infectious diseases, their pathogenesis and treatment have been documented in ayurvedic treatise. Rasayana therapy along with other vishanashaka treatment is categorically advocated for the prevention and eradication of infectious diseases. The underlying concepts of transmission of infectious diseases, in brief pathogenesis and planning of rasayan therapy to improve the immunity and thus to arrest the propagation of infectious diseases are contextually most important in current era.

Conceptual Studies

*Dr. Indra Bahadur, **Dr. J. Manohar

Teratological Aspect InAyurveda

2011   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - V   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Garbh (Embryo/foetus), Garbhay vikrity, Teratology
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ABSTRACT

Our ancient acharya had known of the genetic and chromosomal deformities of modern era scientific thought. They described the disease according to illustration and applied deformities. Acharyas Sushruta described the abnormal foetus like snake, scorpion and gourd are symbolic and illustriuos. Sarpvrishchik Kushmand Vikritaakrityashch ye. Garbhastvete Striyashchaiv gyeya Papkrito Bhrishm. Su.Sha.2/50 When we go through the modern science. We see another branch of modern science Teratology. It is based on the study of abnormalties of physiological developments only but Ayurveda described structural as well as functional deformities also. Now a days we can see if any pregnant mother. She take to much Alcohol or Nicotine, their child found I.U.G. Retardation.

Conceptual Studies

*Kruti Y Vyas, **Galib, **P Bedarkar, ***BJ Patagiri, ****PK Prajapati

First Aid Measures of Snakebite Poisoning In Ayurveda - A Quick Look

2011   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - V   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Ayurveda, Mantra chikitsa, Poisoning, Upakrama, Sarpa Visha, Snakebite
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ABSTRACT

Snakebite remains an underestimated cause of accidental death in modern India. Estimates of snakebite mortality in India vary from approximately 1,300 to 50,000 annually. Considering this, The World Health Organisation has added snakebite to their list of Neglected Tropical Diseases and designed an exclusive protocol its management. Ayurveda has its own way of approach towards the management of Visha, which is unique and is parlance with the concepts of current science. Acharya Charaka advocated 24 upakramas to counter the cases of poisoning, which can be categorized into different sets of sub divisions for easy and scientific understanding. Among these, ‘Mantra’ is emphasized as par excellence. In the current attempt, efforts were made to provide certain justifications to these classical remedial measures with special emphasis on the measures that restrict the entry of poison into systemic circulation.

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