ISSN:2582-7693

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Journal of Ayurveda

A Peer Reviewed Research Publication of
National Institute of Ayurveda, Jaipur

TABLE OF CONTENT

2013   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - VII   |   ISSUE - 4

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Clinical Studies

*Dr. Udai Raj Saroj, **Prof. Ajay Kumar Sharma, ***Prof. Shashi Mohan Sharma

Clinical Study on the Effect of Some Herbal Drugs in the Management of Ischemic Heart Disease (Vatika Hridroga)

2013   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - VII   |   ISSUE - 4

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ABSTRACT

Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD) is the most common, serious life threatening illness in modern world. This condition causes more deaths, disability and economic cost than many other illnesses. Although there is no exact correlation of IHD in Ayurveda but on the basis of clinical features, it is very close to Vatika Hridroga. For the present study, total 30 clinically diagnosed and confirmed cases of IHD (Vatika Hrid-Raga) were selected and were randomly divided into two equal groups, 27 out of them, completed the trial successfully while 3 patients discontinued the treatment. The patients of group I were administered a self-formulated compound preparation (Herbal Capsule) containing Pushkermoola (Thula racemosa), Arjuna (Terminalia arjuna), Shurrthi (Zingiber officinalis), Krishna Jiraka (Ceram curvi), Punarnava (I3oerhavia diffuse) and Kupilu (Strychnous nuxvoinica). Patient of group II were treated with control drug Tab Metoprolol. Significant improvement in clinical and laboratory parameters of IHD was observed in both the groups after therapy. So it may be concluded that Ayurvedic Herbal drug given in the present trial can be used effectively in the management of IHD (Vatika Hrid-Roga).

Clinical Studies

*Dr. Pragya Gupta, **Dr. Sushila Sharma

Clinical Evaluation Of The Efficacy Of Kshara Karma With Apamarga Kshara And Jatyadi Taila Pichu In The Management Of Cervical Erosion (Karnini Yonivyapada)

2013   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - VII   |   ISSUE - 4

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Cervical erosion is one of the commnest gynaecological disease . About 8o% of women among her reproductive age group are suffering from this problem. One of the most important symptom of cervical erosion is white discharge per vagina, dyspareunia, needs medical attention and non surgical treatment. In modern system its treatment done with diathermy and cryosurgery which has various side effect like excessive mucoid discharge per vagina for a long time, cervical stenosis, accidental burns, etc. In Ayurveda science looking into the pathogenesis of this disease and ayurvedic treatment of karnini yonivyapada the kaphahara chikitsa with kshara which have property of lekhana, sodhana, ropana, stambhana, kaphghna and so many properties and Jatyadi taila which have property of vatashamak ,sheshmhara, mansapkarshana, shodhana and ropana and its base is Tilataila so it has property of yonivishodhana. All these properties facilitate destruction of columnar epithelium and facilitate the re-epithelization of new healthy stratified squamous epithelium on ectocervix with all these basis, this research work was planned. Total 3o confirmed cases of cervical erosion were treated in two groups, each having 15-15 patients. The application of Apamarga kshara with jatyadi taila pichu gives better results in comparision to single use of jatyadi taila pichu, the results of clinical trial was markedly improved in both groups.

Clinical Studies

*Dr. Ekta, **Dr. Kamalesh Kumar Sharma, ***Dr. Kashinath Samgandi

Management Of Vishada Vis A Vi S Depression By Diet, Asana And Pranayama

2013   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - VII   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Vishaad, Depression, Aahara, Yoga, Satva
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ABSTRACT

Human mental functions are based on mental key factors i.esatva , raja , tama .Sat-va is prakashaka, raja is active whereas tama is hypoactive . when raja and tama get vitiated , it causes mansikavikara like vishaada , bhrama and glani . According to Sir M. Monier William's dictionary vishaada can be defined as drooping state, languor, lassitude, depression, dejection, despondency. On the basis of these symptoms it can be corelated with depression. Depression is the most common disease of this fast paced world. Around 121 million people across the world are suffering from it .Infect 8o% people who are depressed also suffer from anxiety. It is also considered as life style related disorder.Our dietary habits and living style are important factors for the pathogenesisof vishaad(depression) . Aahara is sub pillar of body becauseagni,bala and prana depend on it . If it is taken in appropriate amount it maintains the health and psyche.As we all know today's life accentuates mental tensions , worries and many other problems at various level such as personal inter relationship , economics etc. These factors also increase the irritability , behavior disorder and many other mental illness. Yoga and aahara is an antidote to combat these type of problem because it relax the mind, enhance the mental peace .

Clinical Studies

*Dr. Sharon Prabhakar, **Dr. Anita Sharma

Clinical Evaluation of the Effects of Saptsama Yoga and Mukhkantikara Lepa in Mukhdushika w.s.r. to Acne Vulgaris

2013   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - VII   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Mukhdushika, poisonous drug, acne
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ABSTRACT

Mukhdushika has been in existence since Samhita kala. Though considered in kshudraroga in those times, this disease has achieved more importance in present times. It is comparable to present time's acne vulgaris. The teenaged people are affected the most by this. People spend huge amounts of money to get rid of these, but very often these treatments do not pay off. Agadtantra, a branch of Ayurvcda, specializing in the knowledge and remedies of poison, tries to address this problem in their own way by therapeutic use of poisonous drugs for treating this skin condition. Two drugs- Saptsama yog and Mukhkantikar lepa- from Chakradatt were chosen for the trial. The results of the trial were found very effective.

Clinical Studies

Dr. Deepa Sharma, Dr. Shrikrishna Sharma

Therapeutic Study of Manjishtha on Kamala

2013   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - VII   |   ISSUE - 4

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ABSTRACT

In ancient literatures like vedas, kamala is described as a disease with different names like harima and vilohita etc. All these words explain the cardinal symptoms of disease which is Haridra varna of tvak, netra, nakh, anana and mutra which is also exhibit in Jaundice as per modern literature. All Ayurvedic samhitas have been described the kamala disease more or less similar in various aspects like Acharya Caraka which denotes that kamala is a pitta dominant disease:

Clinical Studies

Dr. Aradhana Sweet, Dr. B. Pushpalatha, Prof. C.M. Jain

A Clinical Study On the role of Kanchnar Guggulu & panchtikta guggulu Ghrita Uttara basti (infra Uterine) In The Management Of Garbhashya Arbuda (Uterine Fibroid)

2013   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - VII   |   ISSUE - 4

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Women and men have a lot of differences. These differences are not isolated in the cognitive and emotional side, but also extend in the anatomy and medical facts of life. Owing to complicated structure of the female body, women are subjected to a large number of complaints connected with genital organ. The obvious example would be pregnancy and everything that might be related to it including labor pains and menstrual cycles. Because of the anatomy of a woman, she may also have conditions that are gender-biased. One such condition is suffering from Myomas. Fibroids or myomas are non-cancerous or benign growths that develop in uterus. Uterine fibroids (also called myomas or leiomyomas) can grow in different parts of the uterus: inside the wall, inside the uterine cavity, and toward the outer surface of the uterus. They vary in size and quantity. It is estimated that 20% to 50% of women between ages 30 and 50 have fibroids. Even many women in their 2o's can develop these growths. By the age of 40, approximately 40% to 70% of women may have them. Uterine fibroids can cause excessive menstrual bleeding, pelvic pain, and frequent urination; so even though they are termed "benign (not cancerous) tumors," fibroids potentially can cause many health problems. Ayurveda, an ancient vedic science is also called an eternal science. It covers all the aspect of life. It is well known fact amongst the Ayurveda was brought to the earth with a noble motto to make the suffering people free from their disease and so that they might continue their life in a healthy manner. In short Ayurveda described all the aspect of human life.

Clinical Studies

*Dr. Rohitash Kr., **Dr. Sisir Kumar Mandal, ***Prof. P. S. Mehta

An Aetiopathological study ofAmavataw.s.r. to Rheumatoid Arthritis and Upshay atmaka study of Triphaladi loha

2013   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - VII   |   ISSUE - 4

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ABSTRACT

Introduction: The major influence and causation of Amavata is related to autoimmunity, which is triggered, by mithyaahar-vihar and mandagni. According to Ayurveda Amavata is rasvaha srotojanya vikar and mandagni (hypo functioning of gastrointestinal system) is considered as an important contributing factor in its aetiopathogenesis. In the pathogenesis of Amavata the Ama (toxic substances) and Vayu play an important role. Material and Methods:- Triphaladi loha is mentioned in Bhaishjya Ratnavali as therapeutic regimen om amavata Triphaladi loha possess the properties like dipana, pachana, Chedan and also possess the properties of pacification of vata, and kapha dosha (as a amdoshahara) thus the selection of drugs aimed to achieve control over the aetiological factors & samprapti Vighatana of amavata (Rheumatoid arthritis) Study design:- Fourty (40) patient with the general clinical features of Amavata as per the classical text were randomly selected. (MN-25/o6) and which also incorporated with the diagnosis of RA as per ACR-EULAR-2010 classification criteria of RA.

Physiological Studies

*Dr Rajesh Kumar Sharma, **Dr. Om Prakash Dadhich, ***Prof Mahendra Singh Meena

Effect of Kapichartukadi Yoga On Klebyain Reference to Pathophysiological Study of Shukravaha Srotas

2013   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - VII   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Kalbya, shukra, testosterone, erectile dysfunction, Agni, Vajikar
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ABSTRACT

Klevya means decrease in production of `Shukra' causes erectile dysfunction because of Over Exertion - physically and mentally : Working for long hours in office, mental stress at office and home, short temperedness, insufficient sleep cause erectile dysfunction. These causes are explained in Ayurveda as "shoka, chintaa, bhaya, traasaat ...." which means that erectile dysfunction or Impotence occurs due to grief, fear, anxiety and terror. Strained relationship with sexual partner: klvya also occurs when there is a disliking towards sexual partner.Ayurveda describes this as "naarinaarnarasamjnatwaat..." means disliking for women. Erectile dysfunction (impotence) occurs when a man can no longer get or keep an erection firm enough for sexual intercourse. Having erection trouble from time to time isn't necessarily a cause for concern. But if erectile dysfunction is an ongoing problem, it may cause stress, cause relationship problems or affect your self-confidence. Here in this study clinical trial was done with the primary aim to test the efficacy and safety of ayurvedic formulation of kapichanchukadi yoga in reference to pathophysiological condition of shukravah srotas. Total 50 patients were randomly selected and were evaluated on the basis of international parameters. The duration of treatment was two months. The combination of yoga was equal quantity of aqueous extracts of kapikaccagu, ashwgandha, krishan mushli, kokilaksh and bahuphali. The dose of medicine was 2gm per day in divided doses with anupan of lukewarm milk. Total 5o patients were analyzed as per paired t test and the results were statistically highly significant on all the clinical features and objective parameters no side effects were noticed in patients during the trial. At the same time the pathophysiological study of shukravah srotas was also carried out and Critique as well as comparative evaluation of complete material was thoroughly studied from the minute analysis point of view.

Physiological Studies

*Vd. Chhaya Patil, **Vd. Swati khandale

Anatomical and Physiological View on Lymphatic System and Basti Therapy

2013   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - VII   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - lymphatic system, Basti
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The lymphatic system is essentially a drainage system which is accessory to the venous system. The lymphatic system defends the body from bacteria, viruses and harmful agents. Basti is considered as' half of the entire therapeutic measures. Some physicians even go to the extent of suggesting Basti as a wholesome treatment. Lymphatic system is a drainage system which has no 'pump' like cardiovascular system. If daily shodhan (Purification) by lymphatic system was done there is no chance for accumulation of morbid dosha or according to waste product or toxins. As vats diseases are more common and also in more number than Pitta and kapha, basti is main treatment for vataj vyadhi. To understand mode of action of basti it is important to know the anatomy and physiology of lymphatic system.

Pharmaceutical Study

*Dr. Mrityunjay Gautam, **Prof. L. K. Dwivedi, ***Dr. Moharpal Meena, ****Dr.Rajendra Prasad Sharma, *****Dr. Kamal Kr Barman

Evaluation of Antibacterial Activity of Mrityunjaya Rasa

2013   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - VII   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Mrityunjaya rasa, Antibacterial study, Bacteria
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Now a day's infectious diseases are posing problem for human beings. In order to avoid different infections, production and use of antibiotics is on rise. The widespread misuse of antimicrobials is responsible for emerging microbial resistance. The development of bacterial resistance and adverse effect to presently available antibiotics has necessitated the search for new antibacterial agents in different systems of medicine. So Mrityunjaya rasa a known traditional medicine has been selected for this study. The antibacterial activity of the Mrityunjaya rasa was tested against pathogenic bacterial strain Streptococcus pyogenes, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, and Salmonella typhi. In order to study antibacterial action of Mrityunjaya rasa in vitro well diffusion method. During this study Mrityunjaya rasa was trailed with bacterial at different concentration. To correlate the result control solution were prepared by streptomycin. Experimental group were compared with control group and observation were noted.

Conceptual Studies

*Prof. Satyendra Narayan Ojha, **Dr. Anant Prabhakar Samant

Conceptual Study Of Avarana and its Modern Co-Relation

2013   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - VII   |   ISSUE - 4

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Avyahatgati explains normalcy of vata dosha. Resistance to the normal gati of vayu in the srotas is responsible for vimarga gaman and also for the avaran. Avaran takes place whenever there is badha marga, avarodh, sanga or avarudhagati. Therefore whenever movement of vayu through the sukshma srotas is obstructed or the preraka karma is hampered the dravyabbuta vata dosha gets prakopita or vitiated. Whenever avaran takes place it hampers the vikshepa, samvahan, parivahan, chavan, pargaman, sravan, visyandan, ativedana karma of vayu. Anupahat srotas, dhatwagni, and dhatuposhak rasavahi vyanrupa vayu are responsible for homeostasis. Vitiation of any one causes apachit dhatuposhakansa or samata which leads to pratighta/ avarodh/ avaran. Vata dosha is the same everywhere but depending on karma and sthana they are classified into 5 types. Pranadi vata prakar interplay within themselves and maintain homeostasis but when their gati gets vitiated the prakopita vata prakar impedes the gati of other vata prakar leading to paraspara avaran. Mana, Tridosha, Panchamahabhuta all are said to be trigunatmak (satva, raja, tama). Therefore panchabhautik aahar has its impact on Maim and Mana has its impact on Tridoshatmak Sharir. Satva, Raja and Tama have abhibhava samhandha between them which helps in maintaining homeostasis in prakritavasta while they are the causative factor in Maims raga when vitiated. Therefore in the context of Mada, Murcha, Sanyas, Apasmara and Attatvabhnivesha avaran has been explained. There is difference between gata vata and avaran; when prakopita vata vitiates the dhatu it is called as gatavata whereas in avaran the gati of vata is hampered by vitiated pitta, kapha, raktadi dhatu or by its own vata prakar. Treatment is given to both avarak and avrita. The main aim is to reduce the avarodh of avarak and to regularize the gati of avrita. An intelligent Vaidya can explore and compare many disorders mentioned by the Modern Science with various types of avaran.

Conceptual Studies

*Seema M. B., **H. Pampanna Gouda, ***Narayana. N. Bavalutti

Kshara Tana An Unique Formulation Of Kshara

2013   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - VII   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Kshara, Alkaline, Ushara, Kshara taila
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The medicinal use of Kshara has been documented since the period of Puranas. The detail description of Kshara and its properties obtained from the time of Samhita Kala. Kshara taila is a preparation that falls under Tatla Kalpanas. The features indicating the ideal preparation (including siddhi lakshanas) are not explained in any literatures. In such a situation it is ideal to study the other indicators helps in the proper preparation, Hence in this context Apamarga Kshara taila is taken as an example for Kshara taila identifying siddhi lakshanas.

Conceptual Studies

*Dr. Chhaju Ram Yadav

Comparative Study Of Aahara In Brihitryi

2013   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - VII   |   ISSUE - 4

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Ayurveda is the science of life. Body (Sharira) with sense organs, mind (mans) and soul (atma), closely come together for integration into a union for life to appear. As long as this union endures or lasts, life endures or lasts and with its disintegration life terminates in death. Through centuries, food has been recognized as an important tool for human beings, in health as well as diseased state. Man has always been interested in food and the history of a man to a large extend has been a struggle to obtain food. Good nutrition means "maintaining a nutritional status that enables us to grow well and enjoy good health". Those who take proper diet and drinks live a long life and those who are not doing so die a premature death. Proper maintenance of the power of digestion also depends upon the intake of proper diet. There is a lot of description mentioned in ayurvedic texts especially in Brihitryi. The importance, types, quantity, quality, wholesome -unwholesome diet etc. are also mentioned.

Conceptual Studies

*Dr. Chandan Singh

Scientific Evaluation of Bitterness value with the reference to the Anti-diabetic Bitter Ayurveda Herbs

2013   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - VII   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Madhumeha, Tikta, Madhura Rasa
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Diabetes Mellitus is called the Madhumeha in the Ayurveda terminology and very first this particular name can be cited in the Charak Samhita , Sutra Sthan, chapter 17. The principles to control this disease and the treatment have been mentioned in Ayurveda. Only there is a need to explore them and implement into our lifestyles. There is impaired glucose tolerance and Insulin resistance leading to hyperglycemia. Diabetes Mellitus has already been described in ancient Ayurvedic texts under the name of Madhumeha which is considered one of the subtypes of prameha (Urinary disorders). Various treatment guidelines and medicines have also been discussed for Madhumeha. Ancient authors of Ayurveda emphasized the uses of either Kashaya (Astringent) or Tikta (Bitter) taste herbs for the treatment of the Madhumeha. On other hand where there the mode of action of a drug is referred their stressfully quoted that the "Kinchit Kurute Rosen Karmam, Veeryen cha param" meaning it by the drug perform certain action due to presence of that particular taste. But, it is also said that each drug's taste has three kinds of degree, i.e. Tikta, Tiktatar, Tiktatam. Thus making use of this concept this study has been designed to observe the bitterness value of various anti-diabetic bitter herbs used in Ayurveda.

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