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Journal of Ayurveda

A Peer Reviewed Research Publication of
National Institute of Ayurveda, Jaipur

TABLE OF CONTENT

2013   |   April-June   |   VOLUME - VII   |   ISSUE - 2

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Clinical Studies

*Dr. Sujeet Kumar ilaiswal, **Dr. 0.P. Sharma, ***Prof R. S. Sharma

A clinical study to evaluate the efficacy of Yapana Basil with comparison to Ka1pita Yoga (Spermo plus) in the management of Shukrakshay a W.S.R. to Oligospermia

2013   |   April-June   |   VOLUME - VII   |   ISSUE - 2

KEYWORDS - Shukra Kshaya, Oligospermia, Baladi Yapana Basti, Sperrno Plus (Kalpita Yoga).
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ABSTRACT

Infertility is the most burning problem arising due to adaptation of western life style. Shukra Kshaya is a type of Shukra Dushti due to which, a Person become infertile. In modern medicine the condition associated with Shukra ICshaya in Ayurveda can be well matched with Oligospermia. In this condition the sperm count comes below 20 million/mt. There is no proper management in modern science while the great value of Ayurveda therapy in this particular disease, Considering the high prevalence of this disease, a clinical trial with Baladi Yapana Basti and oral medicine (Kalpita Yoga -Spermo Plus) conducted at P.G. Dept. of Panchakarma NIA Jaipur. In this clinical trial 10 patients of group-A (Baladi Yapana Basti) have got 55.65% relief, 10 patients of group-B (Spermo plus) have got 41% relief and 1D patients of group-C (Baladi Yapana Basti Spermo Plus) have got 84% relief, showing the importance of combined therapy i.e. Yapana Basti + Oral medicine- Sperrno Plus, on Shukra Kshaya (Oligospermia).

Clinical Studies

*Dr. Amit Chowdhary, *Dr. Amit Sharma, **Dr. Rachna Gupta, ***Prof. C.M. Sharma, ****Prof. Ajay Kumar Sharma

Importance of Abhyanga in the Management of Pakshaghata

2013   |   April-June   |   VOLUME - VII   |   ISSUE - 2

KEYWORDS - Pakshaghata, Sanshamana, Sanshodhana
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ABSTRACT

In Ayurveda Pakshaghat (Hemiplegia) is mentioned as important disease in Vata Vyadhis. As an impact of Modernization Hurry, Worry, Curry and irregular Dietary habits number of patients of Pakshaghat (Hemiplegia) disease are increasing day by day, even though investigations tools like Computerized Tomography scan, Magnetic Resonance Imaging etc; are also available for early diagnosis and prevention of this disease. So for the current research project, it was decided to select 100 Patients of Pakshaghat (Hemiplegia) which were divided in four groups and given different treatments nearly for 2 months as discussed below- Group 1: Allopathic Group (Symptomatic management, depending on the cause) Group 2: Shodizana Chikitsa (Deepana-Pachana, Snehana (Bahya & Abhyantra), Swedana, Virechana, Sat Jana ICrams and Basti Chikitsa ) Group 3: Sharnana Chikitsa (Ekangaveer Rasa, Shatawari Guggulu and Kutaki Vati) Group 4: Shodhana Chikitsa and Shamana Chikitsa together. It was observed that all the four groups are effective in managing Pakshaghat (Hemiplegia). But patients of Group 4 had shown more significant results, even compatible with Allopathic and other treatment groups in managing Pakshaghat (Hemiplegia) without any side effects.

Clinical Studies

*Dr Amit Kataria, **Dr. Abhimanyu Kumar

A Comparative Clinical Study On Shwashara Yoga And Shringyadi Yoga In The Management Of Tamak Shwasa (Bronchial Asthma) In Children

2013   |   April-June   |   VOLUME - VII   |   ISSUE - 2

KEYWORDS - Tamak Shawasa, Bronchial Asthma, Shringaydi Yoga, Shwasahara Yoga.
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ABSTRACT

Asthma is the most common chronic disorder in childhood, currently affecting an estimated 6.8 million children under 18 years of age of which 4.1 million suffered from an asthma attack or episode in 2006. This study was conducted for clinical evaluation of Shringaydi Yoga & Shwasahara Yoga (Hypothetical compound) in the management of Childhood Bronchial Asthma on various scientific parameters. Total 92 patients were examined and randomly divided into two groups - Group A (Shringaydi Yoga) & Group B (Shwasahara Yoga). The duration of the trial was 45 days. It was observed that over all clinical improvement was maximum in patients of Group B (49.9%) in comparison to patients of Group A. Statistical evaluation of therapy showed highly significant (p <0.001) results in both the groups.

Clinical Studies

*Dr. Pawan Kumar Chaurasia, **Dr. M.K. Shringi, ***Dr. Rajesh Arora

Management of Post Operative Pain of Fistula-In-Ano after Primary Threading under General Anaesthesia

2013   |   April-June   |   VOLUME - VII   |   ISSUE - 2

KEYWORDS - Vedana, Shula, Pain, Fistula-in-ano, Diclofenec sodium, Shigru extract tab. -
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ABSTRACT

Introduction : Lack of effective analgesics in Ayurvedic medicine is the greatest disadvantage. This is one amongst the various causes of down fall of Ayurvedic surgery. Hence there is constant quest for an ideal Ayurvedic analgesic drugs. Any type of SHALYA and SHALYA KARMA results in manifestation of vedana (pain). Hence in post-operative period management of pain is very much important. Any drug/ procedure, which pacifies vata, acts as a potent vedana sthapana upaya. Advent of an Ayurvedic analgesic drug will be of a great sigh and relief to Ayurvedic proctologists. So in the present study the patients suffering from fistula-in-ano who had undergone the procedure of primary threading and fulfill the criteria of selection of the study were selected.

Clinical Studies

*Dr. K. Shobha Bhat, "Dr. K. V. Asha, ***Dr. C. M. Sreekrishnan

A Clinical Sudy on the efficacy of Raktachandana lepa in Keeta Visha

2013   |   April-June   |   VOLUME - VII   |   ISSUE - 2

KEYWORDS - Keeta visha, Raktachandana, Ruja, Srava, Raga and Shopha.
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ABSTRACT

Human being is afraid of the multitude of dangers that he has to encounter in his struggle for survival. These threats range from diseases that originate from the endogenous factors to the exogenous factors like bites or stings of various animals. Knowingly or unknowingly, human beings are subjected to the exposure of these poisons or toxins. Poisoning cases due to insect bites are very common in clinical practice. People are often bitten by mosquitoes, flies, and spiders or stung by ants, bees, yellow jackets, wasps, hornets and scorpions. Although they are not usually serious, insect bites and stings can be itchy and painful and in some cases may need an emergency medical visit. Ayurveda has explained in detail about the damsha lakshanas of different types of Keeta and a wide range of drugs are available to treat the same. The main objective of the present study is to evaluate the efficacy of Raktachandana us lepa in the management of four cardinal symptoms due to Keeta Visha viz. Ruja, Srava, Raga and Shopha.

Clinical Studies

*Sameer Shinde, *Krishnasingh NapaIchyal, **Puneet Bhargava, ***Daya Shanker Mishra

Management of Psoriasis: A comparative clinical study of Standard Ayurveda & Allopathic Protocols

2013   |   April-June   |   VOLUME - VII   |   ISSUE - 2

KEYWORDS - PUVA, Methotrexate, Psoriasis
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ABSTRACT

Psoriasis is a common, chronic and non- infectious skin disease characterized by well defined slightly raised, dry erythamatous macules with silvery scales Modern medicine offers treatment with PUVA, Corticosteroids & Anti mitotic Drugs but therapy gives serious side effects like Bone Marrow depletion, Liver & kidney Failure. While treating Kustha Ayurvedic Classics especially focused on Panehakartna Treatment. So Vaman, Virechana & Laghu-Manjisthadi Ghan was selected for trial. Total 3o well diagnosed patients were selected & divided in two groups. One group receiving Ayurvedic Treatment & other Allopathic Regimen (Tb.Methotraxate7.5 mg/week) for 2 months & comparative study was done. Assessment was done on improvement in clinical symptoms as well as on Laboratory parameters.

Clinical Studies

*Dayani S, "Mistry I U, ***Skandhan K P

Atibala (Abutilon Indicum): Proposal For Standardisation Of Dosage And Duration Of Treatment

2013   |   April-June   |   VOLUME - VII   |   ISSUE - 2

KEYWORDS -
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ABSTRACT

Atibala [Abutilon indicum] is widely used as a drug in many diseases. However neither the dose nor the duration of treatment are authenticated. Considering vrumhana effect of atibala, we propose an experimental study employing albino rats for attaining the dosage and duration of treatment. Once dosage and duration of treatment is known it could be useful in the treatment of other ailments also.

Clinical Studies

*Dr. Shalinee Kumari, **Dr. Durgawati Devi, ***Dr. Kamalesh Kumar Sharma

Comparative Study Of Amiaki Rasayana And Shankhaprakshalana In Amlaka

2013   |   April-June   |   VOLUME - VII   |   ISSUE - 2

KEYWORDS - Amlaka, Antardaha, Hridshool, Amlodgara, Amlaki Rasayana.
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ABSTRACT

Introduction - Amlaka is one of the Pitta Nanatamaja Vikar, primarily mentioned in Charaka Samhita sutra sthana chapter 20 and elaborated in Ashtanga Samgraha sutra sthana chapter 20. In AmlakaPitta Dosha is the main causing agent but also associated with other Dosha viz. Vata Dosha. Nearly 75% of the Nidana of Amlaka is related to Ahara, which directly vitiates the Agni. Material and Methods - Study was performed with sample size of 30 equally divided in 3 groups. Rajasthan is the Jangal pradesha and due to its specific character, people mainly suffered with the Pittaj, Raktaja and Vataj Vikara.In Rajasthan main causes of Amiakadepends upon Desha, kala and Ahara-Persons d Amlaka vikar show mainly two symptoms Amlodgara anti Antardaha frequently and sometimesHridshoola.The aim of research and subject of this study was to establish the extent of difference between effect of "Shankhaprakshalana" and "Arnlaki Rasagan" in treating Arnlaka Result and Discussion - Patient, who took medicine and didYogic Kriya Shankhapraksha, has given better result than either single drug group orShankhaprakshalan group. Shankhaprakshalan group showed better result in symptomatic relief but Ainiaki Rasayan drug group showed better improvement on laboratory test results like improvement in Hb% and decreases of ESR mainly.Symptomatic relief was better with elimination of Pitta but recovery of nutritional loss was more in group ofAmlaki Rasayana. After Shankhaprakshalana Yogic Kriya patients recover naturally, by improvement in diet, absorption and increase in appetite without other extra external supplementation of nutrients.By this, we can easily prevent the forthcoming more severe problem Amlapitta i.e. it acts as a preventive treatment for Amlapitta.

Clinical Studies

*Dr. Mahesh Verlekar, **Dr. Mita Kotecha, **Dr. Smruti Nagvenkar

A Comparative Clinical Evaluation of the Role of Madhy am Panchamoola in the Management of Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid Arthritis

2013   |   April-June   |   VOLUME - VII   |   ISSUE - 2

KEYWORDS -
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ABSTRACT

Joint diseases are painful and can be disabling condition, which can lead to substantial loss of functioning and mobility. Osteoarthritis is one of the most common forms of arthritis, involving the effects of wear and tear on the body's structures. Rheumatoid Arthritis is a form of autoimmunity, the causes of which are still incompletely known. It is a systemic disorder principally affecting synovial tissues. About 1% of the world's population is afflicted by Rheumatoid Arthritis, women three times more often than men. The Madhyam Panchamoola name was first mentioned Vagbhatt and Kwatha of which was used for clinical trial in both the disease. After the clinical trial it was observed that trial drug has comparatively more effect on Osteoarthritis then Rheumatoid Arthritis.

Clinical Studies

*Dr Divya Verma, **Dr. J.P. Verma

Role of Agnikarma and Shallaki in the management of Snayugatavata w.s.r. to Sacroiliac ligament sprain

2013   |   April-June   |   VOLUME - VII   |   ISSUE - 2

KEYWORDS - SI Strain, Snayugatavata, Agnikarma, Shallaki
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ABSTRACT

Snayugatavata is described under vatavyadhi in all the samhita garntha. In modern medicine, sacroiliac joint strain can be related to one of the disease included in snayugatavata. No detailed description of this disease is available in ancient text. Sacroiliac strain denotes painful stretching of the ligaments about the SI Joint. It is characterized by acute onset of pain during torsional strain, tenderness over affected joint and relief of symptoms by infiltration of joint with a local anaesthetic agent. The Study was conducted in 3o clinically diagnosed patients of SI Strain with an objective of clinical evaluation of the role of Agnikarma and Shallaki in the management of SI Strain on the basis of various scientific parameters.in this clinical trail 10 Pts of group A (Agnikarma) have got 6o % relief, 10 Pts of group B (Shallaki) have got 47 % relief and 10 Pts of group C (Agnikarma & Shallaki) have got 65 % relief showing importance of combined therapy i.e. Agnikarma + oral Vedana Shamak Dravya.

Physiological Studies

*Dr. Meenakshi Sharma, **Dr. Gyan Prakash Sharma, ***Dr. Mahendra Prasad, ****Dr. C. R. Yadav, *****Prof. Mahendra Singh Meena

Evidence Based Clinical Trial Protocol (CTP ) for Traditional Medicine(TM)

2013   |   April-June   |   VOLUME - VII   |   ISSUE - 2

KEYWORDS - Traditional medicine, CTP, declaration of Helsinki, ethics committee ,statistics, ASU, GMP
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ABSTRACT

Ayurveda is eternal life science in this universe. For maintain health & cure of diseases Ayurveda is complete ancient traditicrial system of medicine. Traditional medicines play important role to fulfil the purpose of Ayurveda. in this scientific age it is essential to know how traditional medicine are helpful to health at evidence based plateform. Traditional medication involves the use of herbal medicines, animal parts and minerals. Clinical Trial Protocol is evidence based method for traditional medicine. Following points are base of orP : declaration of helsinki, ethics committee, ethical principles, phases of clinical trials, general information, background information, trial design, selection and withdrawal of subjects, assessment of efficacy, assessment of safety, statistics.

Pharmaceutical Study

*Dr. Dinesh Khobragade, **Dr. Sudipta rath, ***Prof. Naresh Khemani

Study of Cardinal Identification Features of Sarpagandha (Rauwolfia serpentina (L.) Benth. ex kurz) & its commonly used Adulterants/Substitutes

2013   |   April-June   |   VOLUME - VII   |   ISSUE - 2

KEYWORDS - Authentic drug, adulteration, Surpugandha, Nlarket sample organoleptic & microscopic Identification.
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ABSTRACT

Due to exponential increase in demand of herbal medicine, extensive industrialization and urbanization all over the world, the traders had created serious malpractice of adulteration and selling of substandard medicinal plant raw materials in the market so it is quite difficult to get and identify an authentic drug in market. In the present study such a commonly used and adulterated drug, Sarpagandha has been studied. During the study, it was observed that mostly in market, the root of Rauwolfia tetraphylla, Rauwolfia beddomei, Rauwolfia densiflora, Rauwolfia micrantha, Rauwolfia perakensis are sold in the name of Sarpagandha. Among the major adulterants in commercial samples are thin roots of Tabernaemontana diverticulata i.e. Tagarchanduni. It was found, that root has snake like shape, outer surface is yellowish brown in colour & its bark is thick, corky and friable and easily removes in small patches exposing the pale yellow wood. After breaking, numerous faint lines are seen radiating from the centre. It has bitter taste. Thus the present study gave a practical guideline to identify Sarpagandha on organoleptic, macroscopic & microscopic identification features.

Pharmaceutical Study

*Dr. Abhay H. Patkar, **Dr. Shishir P. Pande, ***Dr. S. V. Deshpande

Comparative Study Of Traditionally Processed (Treated) & Unprocessed (Untreated) Turmeric Root Powder With Respect To Laboratory Parameters

2013   |   April-June   |   VOLUME - VII   |   ISSUE - 2

KEYWORDS - Turmeric, Traditional processing (treatment), spectral study.
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ABSTRACT

Turmeric is well known for its medicinal value since 3000 B.C. It is marketed after doing some traditional treatment. Matured green turmeric rhizomes are first steamed in a covered container for forty-five to sixty minutes, then dried in sunlight for seven cloys and rubbed (polished) to remove its outer covering. It is then marketed as spices_ Such type of treatinent does not observed in ayurvedie reference books. Whereas various types of treatments are mentioned in ayurveda, wherever necessary. Comparative study was carried out between treated and untreated turme; is using laboratory parameters. On comparison, it was observed that there was significant difference in spectroscopic: observations. The laboratory parameters were examined on maturity of cultivated turmeric rhizomes. Max of methanol extract of treated (processed) and untreated turmeric samples on maturity were 327.4 run (relative absorbance 0.7900) and 282.6 nm (relative absorbance 0.1348). Where as in the spectrophotometric study of standard curcumin, two peaks were found, one at wavelength 238.8 (relative absurbancr 0.9218) and the other at 284.4 nm (relative absorbance 0.3674). The difference has to be confirmed in animal study and clinical trials.

Pharmaceutical Study

*Dr. Raghuveer, **Dr. (Smt) P. P. Dindore, ***Dr. K. Shankar Rao

Anti Bacterial Effect Of Navasadara Savta - An Invitro Evaluation

2013   |   April-June   |   VOLUME - VII   |   ISSUE - 2

KEYWORDS - Navasadara satva, Antimicrobial
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ABSTRACT

Navasadara satvapatana is one of the unique contributions of the text Rasatarangini. A compound of Ammonium chloride is formed as a satva. It is indicated in puppusashotha, agnimandya, murcha etc. Like this it has many therapeutic applications. Navasadara is said to be having the properties like kshara, lavana, saaraka, gulmahara, adhmanahara, agnideepaka, kustanashaka, switranashaka etc. So keeping its immense qualities in mind present study intends to evaluate the effect of Navasadara satva on Gram +ve and Gram — ye micro-organisms which cause common infections. Study revealed that Navasdara satva has significant Antibacterial activity.

Conceptual Studies

*Gupta Deepika, **Dhiman Kamini

Ayurvedic Concept Of Menopausal Syndrome

2013   |   April-June   |   VOLUME - VII   |   ISSUE - 2

KEYWORDS - Rajonivritti, Menopause, Menopausal Syndrome
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ABSTRACT

Menopause is defined as cessation of periods for 12 months due to cessation of ovarian function resulting in permanent menorrhea and it is turning into a major health problem in recent years, in developed as well as developing countries like India Average age of Menopause in around 48 years but it strikes Indian women as young as 30-35 years. So, menopausal health demands even higher priority in Indian scenario. The term Rajonivritti means "End of Artava Prauritti" or Cessation of menstruation as well as ovarian function. Rajonivritti as a diseased condition is not described separately in the classics; Rajonivritti-kala is mentioned by almost all Aeharyas. By taking into consideration all the references available in ayurvedic classics, efforts has been made to review critically the said subject in the light of Menopausal Syndrome mentioned in modern Medicine as well as the fundamentals of Ayurveda in this paper.

Conceptual Studies

Chaudhuri S*, Patra A**, Chattopadhya A***

The Concept of Ayusya (Life Promoters) in Ayurveda

2013   |   April-June   |   VOLUME - VII   |   ISSUE - 2

KEYWORDS - Ayu, Dhatusamya, Ayusya, Rasayana, Brahmacarya.
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ABSTRACT

Life is the primary view point (alternate word may be used) of human for which they started their journey towards the wisdom of healthy life. Ayurveda, the pioneer approach of health science, established the absolute wisdom about life with clear idea about the components of life from base to sky view. The most important component of life is life promoters which make and protect the building blocks simultaneously. These are administered as substances in form of food or drug and or practices having variable importance towards the objective. The merit regards the best as it is able to decide the right and wrong and follow the righteousness, thus the behavioural conducts have been placed first among all sorts of means for promotion of life (two separate sentences can be made out of this sentence ). The following article is reviewed through Ayurveda classics regarding the view point on life and its promotional approach in day to day basis for the enhancement of quality in terms of health and quantity or span of life.

Conceptual Studies

*Dr Shailja Bhatnagar, **Prof Om Prakash upadhyaya

The Concept Of Rasayana Therapy In Brihattryi

2013   |   April-June   |   VOLUME - VII   |   ISSUE - 2

KEYWORDS - Rasayana, kutipraveshika, vatatapika, kamya, naimittika, ajasrika
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ABSTRACT

The illness has been witnessed as a deterrent of life since the time immemorial. It is the major impediment in conquering life which is the first and foremost quest among the three quests told in Indian classical literature. The other two quests of wealth and salvation are dependent on the quest of life only. A long and healthy life has been cherished by the man since ages. A number of prayers to promote rejuvenation and healing are seen in Vedic texts. These fundamentals got flourished further in Ayurvedic texts in the form of Rasayana which has been enumerated among eight branches of Ayurveda. This Rasayana therapy enfolds in itself the measures of attaining long life, maintaining youthfulness and getting rid of diseases. The concept has been put forth after exploration and analysis of great classical triad; Charaka Samhita, Sushruta Samhita and Ashtanga Hridya.

Conceptual Studies

*Dr. Shikha Sharma , **Dr. Kedar Lal Meena

A Survey Based Conceptual And Applied Study On The Role Of Krama Viruddha Ahara In Genesis Of Diseases

2013   |   April-June   |   VOLUME - VII   |   ISSUE - 2

KEYWORDS -
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ABSTRACT

It has been clearly mentioned in all ayurvedic texts that Viruddha Ahara dietetic incompatibilitiy is one of the most potent causative factor of various diseases. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the role of Krama Viruddha Ahara in genesis of diseases and to raise the general public awarness about the health hazardous effects of it.

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