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Journal of Ayurveda

A Peer Reviewed Research Publication of
National Institute of Ayurveda, Jaipur

TABLE OF CONTENT

2012   |   July-September   |   VOLUME - VI   |   ISSUE - 3

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Clinical Studies

*Dr. Poonam Sankhala, **Prof. R. S. Sharma, ***Dr. Sushila Sharma

Clinical Evaluation Of Uttar Basti With Phala Kalyan Ghrita In The Management Of Vandhyatva W.S.R. Female Infertility

2012   |   July-September   |   VOLUME - VI   |   ISSUE - 3

KEYWORDS - Vandhyatva, Female infertility, Uttar-Basti, Phalakalyan Ghrita
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ABSTRACT

Infertility has been one of the yet unsolved major complaints of womanhood. If a lady is infertile, she doesn't get proper respect in the family and society. She herself doesn't feel complete woman without being a mother and she always have an inferiority complex. In Ayurveda the word "Yoni" refers to reproductive organs collectively. Without vata yoni never gets spoilt. Vata dosha is the governing factor of the whole reproductive physiology; therefore any vitiation in vata will certainly affect the normal phenomenon of fertility. Vandhyatva is a yoni gata vikara and pacification of vitiated Vata is the best cure of Yoni gata vikaras. Sneha- kalpana is the best treatment for the ruksha vatadosha. In Bhaishajaya Ratnawali, Chapter 67 (Yoni vyapada chikitsa prakaran), Acharya has mentioned "Phalakalyan Ghrita" for Vandhya dosha.

Clinical Studies

*Dr. N. S. Kolhe, **Prof K Gouardhan, ***Dr. R. K. Joshi, ****Prof A. K Sharma

The Comparative Study On Katak Khadiradi Kashyayam And Niruryadi Gulika In The Management Of Mudhumeha W.S.R. To Hyperglycemia

2012   |   July-September   |   VOLUME - VI   |   ISSUE - 3

KEYWORDS - Madhumeha, Hyperglycemia, Katak Khadiradi Kashyayam, Niruryadi Gulika
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ABSTRACT

All those patients who pass urine which is sweet & resembles like honey and the Body also becomes sweet are said to be suffering from Madhumeha. In Brihatrayi detailed description of aetiological factors of Prameha are available and etiology described there is very near to current aetiological factors for DM (Diabetes mellitus). According to the International Diabetes Federation, the number of diabetic patients in India more than doubled from 19 million in 1995 to 40.9 million in 2007. It is projected to increase to 69.9 million by 2o25.Currently; up to 11% of India's urban population and 3% of rural population above the age of 15 have diabetes. Calling India the diabetes capital of the world, the international journal of diabetes in developing countries says that there is alarming rise in prevalence of diabetes, which has gone beyond epidemic form to a pandemic one. The study was conducted on 40 clinically diagnosed patients of hyperglycemia with an objective of clinical evaluation of the efficacy of Katak Khadiradi Kashyayam and Niruryadi Gulika in the management of Madhumeha (Hyperglycemia). These patients were randomly divided into three groups of 10 patients each. Out of that 3o patients has been completed clinical trial and 10 patients was drop out. The study confirms that Katak Khadiradi Kashyayam And Niruryadi Gulika is effective in management of Madhumeha and definitely reduces the symptoms of illness that includes Prabhuta mutrata(Polyuria), Klama (early fatigue), Alasya (Lassitude), Vibandh (Constipation) (In Group 3) including Ati sweda (Sweating), Mukha shosha (Dryness of mouth)(In Group 1). The chosen drug is effective (laboratory parameters) in reducing Post Prandial Blood Sugar and , Post Prandial Urine Sugar (In group 2 and 3) (highly significant in group 3 and significant in group 2) , only PPBS in Group 1(significant result). No adverse effects were noted in any of the patients during the trial period. Key Words: - Madhumeha, Hyperglycemia, Katak Khadiradi Kashyayam, Niruryadi Gulika .

Clinical Studies

*Dr. Aarti Mal, **Prof. Abhimanyu Kumar

Standardization Of Prakriti Assessment Protocol In Children

2012   |   July-September   |   VOLUME - VI   |   ISSUE - 3

KEYWORDS - Reliability, Validation, Prakriti, Child rearing programmes
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ABSTRACT

To achieve the aim of life it is necessary that our body and mind remains healthy. For it we need to know our prakriti. Prakriti is used to denote psychobiological make up of an individual It helps to predict the genotypic of an individual over their phenotypic characters. But there is very limited work available for its practical application especially for children. Knowing the status of prakriti in very early stage of life may help to get rid of many physical and psychological problems which are attraction of experts and parents worldwide. For it we need to have a valid and reliable parameter for prakriti determination which fulfill the criteria according to children and serve best at every phase of life. The present study was meant with construction of scale for various age groups of childhood period, checking its reliability, validation and application in child rearing practices and disease susceptibility.

Clinical Studies

*Dr.Papri Nath, **Dr.Sisir Kumar Mandal

Determination of Dosic state with the help of Pramana (A Measuring technique)

2012   |   July-September   |   VOLUME - VI   |   ISSUE - 3

KEYWORDS - Prakrti, pramana, anguli and length.
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ABSTRACT

Determination of prakrti is the golden key for success in treatment. Prakrti sthapana is known as cikitsa. Prakrti is the particular code of the human nature which consequently explores its different mode in its normal course. It is placed at the top of dasavidha atura pariksa. Usually prakrti pariksa is done in a casual manner. Different characters of prakrti assessment are subjective and based on subjective questionnaire. So there may be ambiguity in expression of same factor. So it is need of the day evolve a short, independent, unbiased, more objective method to determine prakrti. Acarya Caraka used the anthropometric scale for determination of prakrti as 'upacita paripurna sarvanga' and 'apacita alpa sarira' for slaismika and vatika prakrti respectively. (C.S.Vi-8/96, 98). Acarya Susruta said usually vatika prakrti individuals are krsa.(S.S.sa-4/65). In Astanga Hrdaya it is mentioned that the slaismika individuals having pralamba vahu and prthu vaksa (A.H.Sa-3/g7). So the person relatively having more body weight and large body structure have more probability to be included under slaismika prakrti. From the above references it was decided to take a trial on thirty individual and to take out the correlation between prakrti and pramana. The prakrti was assessed by using the proforma that was developed by CCRAS. All the great trios used Svanguli pramana as unit. Acarya Caraka said the length of body is eighty four anguli parva, Susruta mentioned that total length of body is one hundred and twenty angull. There is no clear-cut description about the exact length of anguli. For pramana pariksa a specially designed proforma was developed. At last the correlation was made between prakrti and pramana and attempt was done to clarify the meaning of anguli pramana.

Clinical Studies

*Dr. Sarvesh Kumar Singh, **Dr. Kshipra Rajoria

A Clinical Study On Ayurvedic Management Of Rheumatoid Arthritis

2012   |   July-September   |   VOLUME - VI   |   ISSUE - 3

KEYWORDS - Rheumatoid arthritis, Amavata, disease activity, response, clinical Assessment, significant result
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ABSTRACT

Rheumatoid arthritis is a major problem now a days. Its treatment in Allopathic medicine are unsatisfactory and with many side effects. So this clinical trial was done with the primary aim to test the efficacy and safety of Ayurvedic treatment for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In this clinical study, a total of loo patients in two groups comprising of 5o patients each with a confirmed diagnosis of RA were treated on the management lines of Amavata . Ayurvedic treatment outcomes were evaluated on the basis of DAS28 (Disease Activity score in 28 joints) / European League Against Rheumaism(EULAR) response criteria and American college of Rheumatism (ACR) criteria. The duration of treatment were 45 days. In Group A was Sinhanad Guggulu — Igm, Sankh Bhasma 250 mg, Agnitundi Vati-25o mg with Anupana - Dashmoola kwath 8oml and in Group B Triphala Guggulu Sankh Bhasma — 25o mg, Agnitundi Vati-25o mg with Anupana - Dashmoola kwath 8oml were given orally twice daily for 45 days. Baluka swedana were given for 21 days in both groups. Total 87 patients had completed the trial. As per paired t test, both in Group A & Group B the results were statistically highly significant (p<o.00l.) on all the clinical features & objective parameters. As per Unpaired t test Group A was statistically significant than Group B. In Group A better result were seen in disease activity response. No side effect were noticed in both therapy during the trial.

Clinical Studies

*Dr. Renu Bharat Rathi

A Comparative Study In Preterm On The Effects Of "Swarnamritprashan"

2012   |   July-September   |   VOLUME - VI   |   ISSUE - 3

KEYWORDS - Immunity, vaccine, Swarnamritprash, Preterm, growth, development
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ABSTRACT

Ayurved is an ancient & preventive life science'. In spite of latest health technologies, the disease occurring rate is still high. Different vaccines for different diseases are our recent vaccine concept. If body has sufficient immunity, no disease can occur. Therefore to improve the immunity of child , Ayurved gifted Us Swarnaprashan. It promote strength, IQ, digestive, metabolic, immunity, power, vigor & vitality. This article outlines the efficacy of gold licking in preterm w.r.t. immunity, growth & devpt. It's encouraging results indicate the need of further research.

Clinical Studies

*Dr. Ritu Jain, **Dr. Mahendra Prasad, ***Prof M.S. Meena

Study of Keshranjan Tail on Patitya

2012   |   July-September   |   VOLUME - VI   |   ISSUE - 3

KEYWORDS - Palitya, Kesh Ranjan tail, Pitta, Massage
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ABSTRACT

A science having neither a beginning nor an end. In India more than 6000 years ago the philosophy of Ayurveda was formed. Graying of hair is a result natural aging process. Appearance of gray hair varies from person to person depending on genetic constituents. If it becomes gray in age of 15 to 35 years then it creates stressful in mind. In Ayurveda it is a "PITTA" dominance disease which hair becomes gray in color untimely. It is called as "Palitya". 6o individuals were selected in two groups. Thirty individuals in Group A (males) & thirty individuals in Group 13 (females) were selected for the use of "Keshranjan Tail". Tail are used thrice in a week over head & massage for 15 minutes by the tip of finger. Observed every fortnight. In both group Frontal, parietal, temporal region shows statistically high significant p < 0.001. Only occipital region show significant p < 0.05 in group A & insignificant p < 0.1 in group B.

Pharmaceutical Study

*Dr. Rajeshwari Singh, **Dr. Rajeev Kushwaha, ***Dr. Sudipt Rath, ****Dr. Mita Kotecha

Yava (Hordeum vulg are linn.) in Ayurvedic Literature and Its Dietic Approach (pathya) in different disorders

2012   |   July-September   |   VOLUME - VI   |   ISSUE - 3

KEYWORDS - Yava, Dhanya, Pathya
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ABSTRACT

Yava is a main food grain well known to the present era since Vedic kala. It is considered as the most ancient cereal in Atharvaveda. An Ayurvedic text entails the uses of Yava in religious ceremony, dietary and medicinal preparations. There is detailed description of Yava in various samhita and nigantu under dhanya varga. It is mainly indicated as a pathya diet in many disorders. Here in this review Yava references from important ayurvedic texts and the compilation of diseases in which yam is used as pathya is described.

Pharmaceutical Study

*Dr Jagriti Sharma, **Dr. Kashinath Samagandi, ***Dr. P. Suresh

Evaluation Of Analgesics Activity Of Angamard Prashman Ghan Vati, A Poly Herbal Formulation

2012   |   July-September   |   VOLUME - VI   |   ISSUE - 3

KEYWORDS - Angamard Prashaman, Dashemani, Ghan Vati,Analgesic activity, Abbreviation: AMP — Angamard Prashman Ghan Vati
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ABSTRACT

Angmarda Prashaman Mahakashaya mentioned in Charak Samhita to act as an analgesic purpose. It consists of ten (Dashemanhi) drugs mostly with Vatahara properties. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the analgesic activity of Angmarda Prashaman Mahakashaya Ghan Vati (AMP) using the heat conduction method. In was found that AMP showed significant analgesic activity at the dose of 100 mg/kg (p<o.oi) at flo min., as compared to control group, when analysed statistically by Dunnet's Multiple Comparison Test. The result obtained shows that AMP possesses analgesic activity which confirms the traditional claims of the Dashemani group mentioned in Ayurveda.

Pharmaceutical Study

*Dr Surekha Patil, **Dr Raghuweer, ***Dr R S Hiremath, ****Dr P T Hanamagond

Identification Of Mineral Khatika (Chalk) With The Aid Of Geological Principles

2012   |   July-September   |   VOLUME - VI   |   ISSUE - 3

KEYWORDS - Khatika, Geology, Mineral, Physical properties
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ABSTRACT

Mineralogy is one of the important branch of geology. It is generally focused around the chemistry/ composition, crystal structure, and physical properties of the minerals. A mineral Khatika has been selected for present study, which was mentioned under sudhavarga. Khatika (Chalk) is a mineral origin commonly used in the preparation of Ayurvedic medicines. The mineral chalk is usually formed owing to settling/ concentration of calcareous mud on the sea/ocean/lake bottom. For the present study, Khatika samples were collected from different parts of India and identified based on the geological parameters such as, color, luster, streak etc., The results obtained were compared with the standard mineral parameters of chalk, which confirms the identification of mineral Khatika and its genuinety.

Pharmaceutical Study

*Dr. Ambi. Arun, **Dr. Santhosh S. B., ***Dr. Gudaganatti K S, ****Dr. Uday Kumar Bolmal

Development of Kampillaka Ointment -A Novel Herbal formulation

2012   |   July-September   |   VOLUME - VI   |   ISSUE - 3

KEYWORDS - Kampillaka, Malaharakalpana, Kampillaka Ointment
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ABSTRACT

Kampillaka is a plant origin drug collected from natural habitat. kampillakamatahara is a preparation, prepared by mixing Kampillaka and TilaTaila (sesame oil) in equal proportion and homogcnously to produce paste consistency and indicated in kusta (skin disorders). Malaharapreparation has got its own drawbacks in terms of feasibility hence the present work is done to overcome these disadvantages by preparing Kampillaka ointment. And same was prepared by applying Fusion method. Quality control test for ointment was carried out and found satisfactory with general characteristics of ointment.

Pharmaceutical Study

*Dr. Hemraj sen, ** Dr. Sanjay Kumar, ***Dr. Nageshwar Ruo, ****Prof. L.K. Dwivedi

Pharmaceutico-Analytical Study Of Tamra Bhasma

2012   |   July-September   |   VOLUME - VI   |   ISSUE - 3

KEYWORDS - Bhasma, Tamra, Standardization, Golaka paka, Marana
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ABSTRACT

Ayurveda is the most popular health care system since time immemorial. The use of metals and minerals dates long back since the time of Vedas and in due course of time Rasa Shastra became an integral part of Ayurveda. Different types of processing techniques like pounding, grinding, boiling, dipping in different liquids etc. have been explained in ancient texts which have their own scientific background. The sequence of these processes may change from metal to metal. All these processes are to be studied properly in preparing standard classical Ayurvedic drugs for quality assurance. But in the recent past the Rasa preparations are repeatedly being targeted by modern scientists which are letting down the reputation of Ayurveda. So standardization of bhasma preparation is essential for each and every process. In this study Tama bhasma has been prepared as per classics by adopting proper Standard Operating Procedure. It passed through all classical parameters. Analytical study shows there was no presence of mercury but Lead (30.97 ppm) & Arsenic (72.41 ppm) were present which was evaluated by Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (AAS). Keywords - Bhasma, Tarnra, Standardization, Golaka paka, Marana. •

Literary Reviews

*Dr. Pawankumar Godatwar

Study Designs: Ayurvedic Perspective

2012   |   July-September   |   VOLUME - VI   |   ISSUE - 3

KEYWORDS - study design, Descriptive, Analytical, Case Study, Survey, Observational, Experimental, Randomized, cohort, blind.
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ABSTRACT

A study design is a specific plan or protocol for conducting the study, which allows the investigator to translate the conceptual hypothesis into an operational one. The design depends on the objective of the study. In general, a primary medical research has two types of broad objectives: Descriptive objective seeks to explain unknown aspects of one or more parameters in different kinds of subjects but does not seek explanation or causes, nor tries to find out which group is better. Case Study, Case Series and Survey studies are examples of Descriptive studies. Analytical objective tries to investigate aetiology or Cause-effect relationship. Observational Studies and Experimental studies are examples of analytical objective. In the Present paper examples from Ayurvedic field are cited to illustrate the concept behind the design of respective studies.

Case Studies

*Dr. Pandey B. B., **Dr. Kumar A., ***Dr. Singh N., ****Dr. Bhatia Y.

Efficacy of Jalaukavcharana (Leech Application) in Ischemic Ulcer with Pre-Gangrenous Changes - A Case Report

2012   |   July-September   |   VOLUME - VI   |   ISSUE - 3

KEYWORDS -
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ABSTRACT

Therapeutic application of jalauka on a male patient of 30 years having non- healing ischemic ulcer over 3"' toe of Left foot was done. Patient was a diagnosed case of Buerger's disease, a chain smoker with compromised peripheral pulses, having discoloration & pre-gangrenous skin changes. Patient had history of bilateral sympathetectoniy & amputation of 4th toe of the same foot 2 year back. Jalauka was applied on 3"' toe having ischemic ulcer with pre-gangrenous changes along with surgical debridement & wound cleaning whenever it was required. The ulcer healed completely after a period of 6 weeks of application of jalauka and surgical debridement. Patient was followed tip biweekly for 3 months and during that period there was no sign of recurrence. Key words: Jalaulcavcharana, Ischaemic ulcer, Pre-gangrenous, Ischaemia, Buerger's disease.

Conceptual Studies

*Dr. Murlidhar Paliwal, **Prof K.N. Dwivedi

The Concept of Gurvadi Guna in Ayurveda

2012   |   July-September   |   VOLUME - VI   |   ISSUE - 3

KEYWORDS - shatpadartha, Guna, Guruadi Guna, Samanya guna, chikitsa, health.
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ABSTRACT

Ayurueda, an eternal system of medicine, is accepted as a holistic system of medicine due to its multidimensional approaches and unique fundamental concepts for the prevention and promotion of health. It advocates number of fundamental concepts regarding prevention and promotion of health as well as cure of diseases. Such as- the concept of shatpadartha, the concept of panchamahabhuta, the concept of six rasa, the concept of karyakaranavada, the concept of dosha, dhatu-upadhatu and mala, the concept of chaturvidha ayu, the concept of arogya and raga etc. which are endowed with scientific temperament having strong philosophical base and universal acceptance. That's why it is specific from other systems of medicine as any science or discipline can grow and survive upon the valid fundamental principles. The concept of shatpadartha (samanya, vishesha, guna, dravya, karma & samavaya) is one of the important concepts in clinical practices to maintain the dhatusamya (equilibrium state of body tissue). Guna (quality or property) is one of the shatpadartha which is the cause for the efficacy of any dravya (medicine) and has inseparable concomitance (samavaya-sambandha) with dravya. Charaka Samhita advocates four types of guna i.e. Sartha guna (shabda, sparsha, rupa, rasa & gandha), Gurvadi guna (properties beginning with guru etc.), Atma guna (buddhi, sukha, dukha, ichchha, dvesha and prayatna) and Paradi guna (beginning with para etc.). Out of these four types of guna, the Gurvadi guna have a crucial role in the clinical practice either it is the preventive medicine or curative medicine. Every substance either it is dietary substance or medicine, possess these Gurvadi guna and even our activities or life style also produce the effects similar to Gurvadi guna in the form of lightness, heaviness, coldness, hotness etc. So the proper use of every substance keeping in mind the Gurvadi guna present over there, we can prevent many more diseases but at the same time improper use of the same leads to the manifestation of different ailments. Hence it becomes essential to discuss the concept of Gurvadi guna and this research paper is meant to discuss the concept at the length to make it more explainable and applied.

Conceptual Studies

*Dr. Vinod Kumar Gotecha, **Dr. Bijay Kumar Gupta

Concept of Dushivisha- A new perspective

2012   |   July-September   |   VOLUME - VI   |   ISSUE - 3

KEYWORDS - Dushivisha
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ABSTRACT

Now a day's people are more prone to various kinds of poisons including slow poisons in food as well as in environment. It is not mandatory that only direct intake of a poisonous materials lead to Dushivisha lakshanas. At present scenario polluted air, water, land and the increased exposure to electromagnetic radiations through cellular phones and computers, faulty food habits, stressful life style, unpleasant feelings, continuous usage of any particular medications and even suppression of urges can act as a cause for Dushivisha. As a result Dushivisha janya twak vikaras are becoming more common,

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