ISSN:2582-7693

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Journal of Ayurveda

A Peer Reviewed Research Publication of
National Institute of Ayurveda, Jaipur

TABLE OF CONTENT

2009   |   July-September   |   VOLUME - III   |   ISSUE - 3

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Clinical Studies

*Dr. Ajay Kumar Sahu, **Prof. Ajay Kumar Sharma

A Clinical Study on Anidra And It's Management With Shirodhara andMansyadi Kwatha

2009   |   July-September   |   VOLUME - III   |   ISSUE - 3

KEYWORDS - Anidra, Shirodhara, Insomnia
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ABSTRACT

Anidra or insomnia is the result of modern era's competition or work load resulting in persistent stress. Insomnia is a condition of inadequate quantity or quality of sleep. Basically insomnia may be divided into three sub-types they are, falling asleep with difficulty, frequent or sustained awakenings and early morning awakening. According to various international studies it is estimated that at least 10-20% population is suffering from insomnia. Among them 15% are suffering with this condition where the cause is not known. The study shows Shirodhara and Mansyadi Kwatha are effective in the management of Anidra or insomnia. The study drug and procedure Shirodhara shows highly significant reduction in symptoms of Jrimbha, Angamarda, Tandra, Ajirna, Malabaddhata etc. All patients were developed feeling of well being without having any side/toxic effect.

Clinical Studies

*Dr. Pavankumar N. Mali, **Dr. Vaishali P. Mali, ***Dr. Baldev Kumar, ****Prof M. S. Baghel

A Clinical Study on The Role of Shirishadyavaleha and Virechana In The Management of Tarnakashvasa

2009   |   July-September   |   VOLUME - III   |   ISSUE - 3

KEYWORDS -
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ABSTRACT

This paper reports details of a clinical study conducted on patients of Tamakshuasa.Present study was planned with following Aims & Objectives.To study aetiopathogenesis & principles of Management of the disease Tamaka Shvasa in Ayurvedic classics & modern medical literature, To assess the role of Shirishadyavaleha in Tamaka Shvasa&To assess the role of Virechana Karma in modifying the drug effect in Tamaka Shvasa. The drug under clinical trial was Shirishadyavaleha. shirisha, Vasa, Bharangi, Kantakari, Pippali, Haritaki in equal parts, Arka Pushpa & Trijata was used as Prakshepa dravya( 1/ 20th part). In one group patients were given Shirishyadyavaleh only and in another group patients were subjected to Virechan karma followed by drug Shirishyadyavaleha .Clinical study carried out under designed protocol and results of study were assessed in terms of effect on Raga bala,Chetas bala ,Deha bala and Agni bala.Overall effect of therepy shows that Virechana with Shirishadyavaleha have more creditability in bringing out stable & maximum improvement in Tarnaka Shvasa.

Clinical Studies

*Dr. Bharti Umretia, **Dr. B.J. Patgiri, **Dr. P.K.Prajapati, ***Dr. B. Ravishankar

A Comparative Clinical Study of Guduchi Ghana Prepared By Kwatha And Ageous Extract on Ekakustha

2009   |   July-September   |   VOLUME - III   |   ISSUE - 3

KEYWORDS - Guduchi (Tinospara cordifolia (Willd.) Miers), Ghana Kalpana, market sample, psoriasis, Ekakustha
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ABSTRACT

Guduchi (Tinospora cordifolia (Wi11d.) Miers.) is elaborately used in the disease Kustha since Samhita period. Guduchi Ghana has not mentioned in Samhita period, but in later it has mentioned in Siddha Yoga Sangraha by the name of Wanshamni Vatz". Guduchi Ghana has been selected for the comparative study because the concentrated extract of single or compound drugs are very familiar to the pharmaceutical industry and it is very effective than decoction, powder, etc. As a result, one sample of Guduchi Ghana was prepared according to above mentioned reference. Another sample was procured from the market for the comparison. This research work has been carried out to evaluate the comparative therapeutic efficacy of Guduchi Ghana prepared by Kwatha and market sample on Ekakustha. The clinical trial was done on total 33 patients selected and randomly divided into two groups i.e. 17 patients in Guduchi Ghana by Kwatha method (Group-A) and i6 in Guduchi Ghana-market sample (Group-B). Classical prepared Guduchi Ghana showed batter result in comparison to the market sample.

Pharmaceutical Study

*Prof Mahesh Chandra Sharma, **Dr. Banshidhar Behera

Screening of the aqueous extract of Holoptelea integrifolia (Roxh.) bark for its antimicrobial activity

2009   |   July-September   |   VOLUME - III   |   ISSUE - 3

KEYWORDS - Holoptelea integrtfolia, Ayurveda, antimicrobial activity, inhibition zone
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ABSTRACT

The medicinal value of plants lies in some chemical substrates that produce a definitive physiological action on the human body. Contrary to the synthetic drugs, antimicrobials of plant origin are not associated with many side effects and have an enormous therapeutic potential to heal many infectious diseases. In Ayurveda the antimicrobial properties of different plants were clearly described. In present study an in vitro antimicrobial activity of aqueous extract of Holoptelea intcgrifolia (Roxb.) bark in different concentration has been investigated against various microbials viz. Streptococcus pyogenes MTCC No. 1928, Staphylococcus aureus MTCC No. 3160, Eseherichia coli MTCC No. 901, Pseudomonas ae•uginosa MTCC No. 424 and Salmonella typhi MTCC No. 733 with Agar well diffusion method and zone of inhibition was calculated.

Survey Study

*Dr. Mukesh Kumar Gupta **Dr. Manoj Kumar, ***Dr. O. P. S. Maurya

A study on Anatomical Characteristics of Eye with reference to Deha Prakriti'

2009   |   July-September   |   VOLUME - III   |   ISSUE - 3

KEYWORDS - Prakrit 'Eye'
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ABSTRACT

The human individuals are categoried in three groups viz Vata Pitta and Kapha prakriti according to Charak. The individuals of these categories exhibit biological variations in terms of structure, function, behaviour of individuals, individuals response to internal and external environment stimuli, susceptibility to different diseases for eg. The individuals of kappa prakriti have lustrous and attractive eyes unsteady eyes and eyebrows. The present study entitled 'A study on anatomical characteristics of eye with reference to deha prakriti' was conducted to observe and document the structural, functional variations in modern terms which, according to Ayurveda, exist in the individuals of different deha prakriti. The following characteristics are examined in this study: Palpebral aperture, Size of eye ball (Axial length), Depth of Anterior Chamber, Size of Cornea, Power of Cornea, Pupil Size, Cornea covered by upper eye lid, Anterior Chamber Angle, Field of vision, Number of eye lashes, Intra ocular pressure, Appearance of Eye (Sclera), Colour of Iris, Density of eye brow, Cup disc ratio, A.V. Caliber ratio and Visual acuity. go individuals were taken, in which 3o individuals were selected of each prakriti. In this study it has been found that the variations exist in Diameter of pupil (in dark room), anterior chamber depth, number of eyelashes, density of eyebrows and appearance of eye (sclera).

Literary Reviews

*Dr. Govind Pareek, **Dr. Pradeep Kumar Goswami

Comparative Study Between Nirantar Pad Vyakhya of Jejjata and Ayurveda Deepika of Cakrapani

2009   |   July-September   |   VOLUME - III   |   ISSUE - 3

KEYWORDS - Carak Samhita, Sushruta Samhita, Vagbhata, Cakrapani, Jejjata, Nirantar-Pad -Vyakhya, Ayurveda Deepika, Teeka. •
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ABSTRACT

It is observed that preaching of original classical literatures has been marginalized and thinking for study on different available Sanskrit Taos (commentaries) are pushing toward the backside in today's society for study and research in Ayurveda. The commentaries on Carak Samhita which are older then Cakrapani are not commonly referred and among the older commentaries to Cakrapani, Jejjata is one. Interestingly Jejjata belongs to gth cent and simultaneously wrote commentaries on all the three major Samhitas namely Carak Samhita, Sushruta Samhita and Vagabhatta Samhita though there is certain divergent opinions regarding Jejjata but it is very clear that his different work considered to be representative work prior to Cakrapani. So after the comparative study between these two commentary it can be concluded that CK probably wrote his commentary on the basis of Nirantara -Pada-Vyakhya in a summarized and systematized style by adding some more informations according to need of the time. He also explains some new drugs and preparations according to his time. At some places the observation of is very minute, specific and scientific, so although till date the Ayurveda Deepika is using as a principle tool for understanding of Carak Samhita but Nirantar-Pada-Vyakhya can provide some additional inforamtions. In my view CK may be considered as a redactor of the Nirantara Pada-Vyakhya.

Literary Reviews

*Dr. Manas Ranjan Hota

A Critical Review on Medadhatu Dusti in Prameha Roga

2009   |   July-September   |   VOLUME - III   |   ISSUE - 3

KEYWORDS - Prameha, Diabetes Mellitus, Medadhatu Dusti, Disordered Lipid.
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ABSTRACT

As per critical judgment of some authors of recent era, Prameha is compared and correlated with diabetes mellitus and Meda is compared with body fat. Meda is considered as the first Dushya to get vitiated in the pathological process of Prameha Roga as aggravated Kapha vitiates it selectively due to their identical characteristics. Some authorities of modern health science have also considered disordered lipid/free fatty acid (FFA) metabolism as the primary disturbance in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The disordered lipid through change in fat topography, increased plasma free fatty acid and ectopic deposition of fat plays a distinct and important role in the production of type2 diabetes mellitus. So a critical literary review of Ayurveda and modern literature is dealt with in this paper to evaluate the role of Medadhatudusti in Prameha roga.

Pharmaceutical Study

*Dr. Mahesh U. Verlekar, **Dr. Mita Kotecha, ***Dr. Smruti R. Nagvenkar

Review of Euryale ferox Salisb. (Makhana)

2009   |   July-September   |   VOLUME - III   |   ISSUE - 3

KEYWORDS - Euryale ferox, Makhana, balya, trushya, antioxidant, nutritive
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ABSTRACT

Euryale ferox (Makhana) is considered as a delicious food item in India due to its nutritive property and is widely cultivated as an aquatic food crop throughout much of Asia. Stems, rhizomes and seeds, all of which contain much starch. It is also consider as natural sources of calcium. Studies shows that the food value of ioogm of Makhana puff is equal to the same amount of fish. It may be eaten raw or cooked and is available in the market in the name of 'Phoola Makhana." Bhavprakash Nighantu has mentioned its qualities same to that of Padrnaheeja and its traditional uses in different diseases. It has tridosha sharnana property specifically pitta sharnana. Studies revele that it is has good antioxidant property.

Conceptual Studies

*Dr. Papri Nath, **Dr. Sisir Kumar Mandal, ***Prof R. R. Dwivedi

Atura Bala Pramana Through Dasavidha Atura Pariksa

2009   |   July-September   |   VOLUME - III   |   ISSUE - 3

KEYWORDS -
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ABSTRACT

(Dasavidha atura pariksa is more complete & competent atura pariksa for assessment of atura baba. Proper maintenance of atura bala is the main aim of treatment because health solely depends on individual's own strength. Dasavidha atura pariksa evaluate accurate atura bala in fraction and as a whole) "Pariksyakarinau hi kusala bhavanti" Proper examination and true knowledge are the basic needs for any kind of achievement. The word 'pariksa' denotes systematized thorough and careful examination of any entity to ascertain its own true nature (C.S.Su -107 C.K.). Desired results in any action depend on true and perfect knowledge about the object, which in turn is obtained by proper examination. In treatment physician should examine the patient exclusively. Different types of atura pariksa are described in texts. These are dvividha pariksa, trividha pariksa, caturvidha pariksa, pancavidha pariksa, astavidha pariksa & dasavidha pariksa. Among these different types of atura priksa, dasavidha atura pariksa is the unique presentation of Acarya Caraka in field of atura pariksa. It is very methodical, distinct, and calculative. Prakrtitah, vikrtitah, saratah, samhananatah, pramanatah, satmyatah, satvatah, aharatah, vyayamatah & vayastah pariksa are the ten component which formulate dasavidha atura pariksa (C.S.Vi -8/ 94).

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