Some plants have special effect on altering the mind and consciousness and some of them are intoxicating. Mind-altering substances have always been used in all cultures. The substances used are relative to the cultural context and vary according to local conditions. All mind-altering substances have their risks and hazards, when utilized improperly. Thus it is important to classify such substances properly to regulate their availability in the society. In present time, international agreements regulate the availability of certain plant drugs. What is commonly meant when talking about "drugs" is a particular class of substances that are classified as illegal in this era. Yet in another era, in another time and place, these same substances were highly appreciated and widely used in medical, cultural and social context. These substances are used as Stimulating substances, Relaxants and tranquilizers, Consciousness-enhancing substances and may be banned through out the world from professional medical use despite many beneficial qualities.
Vatika Shirahshoola (Tension Head ache) is most common type of primary headache accounting 90% of all headaches and approximately 3% of the population suffer from chronic tension headache. It is produced due to contraction of the muscles of head & neck & psychological factors like stress and strain aggravates the condition.The incidence is more in the youngsters, computer operators, jwellerry workers. Total 43 diagnosed cases of Vatika Shirahshoola (Tension Headache) were selected for the present research work & divided into three groups. The patients of group-I were treated with Shirodhara vs.-Rh Dashamula Toile, patients of group-II were treated with Jatarnamsi powder orally and patients of group - III were treated with tab. Amytryptiline orally. The trial drug Dashantula Tulle and procedure Shirodhara showed highly significant reduction in symptoms like Ghata Sornbidhyate(Cutting type of pain in posterior aspect of neck), Stavyate cha shirodhura(Tightness of muscles of neck), Sirah Sphurana (Pulsatile Veins in Head), Prakash Asahata (Photophobia) etc. in comparison to other two groups. Thus Shirodhara with Dashamula Tulle is effective in the management of the Vatika Shirahshoola (Tension Headache).
*Dr. Baldev Kumar, **Dr. B. M. Nirmal, ***Dr. Hetal H. Dave
Sphygmographic study of Nadi-Pareeksha- A clinical approach
In clinical medicine, there is no physical sign more basic or important than arterial pulse. From time immemorial, examination of pulse had been one of the most important diagnostic tools, relied on by all systems of medicine. There are few references given by different Acharyas which proves the utility and necessity of knowledge of pulse. It offers one of the important clues for the diagnosis of various diseases, even if the patient is unconscious, mentally retarded, deaf and dumb, insane or an infant, where history is not available. By examination of pulse an expert physician can give a fairly accurate prognosis. One may be able to anticipate a disease during its incubating period by palpating the pulse alone. But Finger is always raised towards its scientific approach and accuracy, being a subjective method, inability to express and predicate the same knowledge to other persons. Keeping this fact in mind various research workers have tried to put forth the objective parameters to enrich the knowledge of pulse examination during the last 15 to 20 years. But still there is a vast field to work upon. The present work is also a humble effort, based on the fundamental principles of Ayurveda to develop this art as a science explained in terms of objective parameters.
*Dr. Bhuwal Ram, **Prof V. K. Joshi
Arjuna (Terminalia arjuna (Roxb.) W. & A.) in Hridroga (Heart Diseases) & Other Disorders
There is world over awareness about use of herbs in various ailments. In Developing nations as almost 8o% people depends on these plants for their primary health care because of natural origin, easy availability and low cost of treatment. Arjuna (Terminalia arjuna (Roxb.) W.&A.) is well known durg of audhabhida origin since ancient period. Arjuna is also seen by its synonyms in Ayurvedic classics. Its bark is prescribed in Hridaya roga in original scriptures of Ayurveda i.e. Caraka Samhita & Susruta Samhita. The other parts of Arjuna viz Puspa (flower), Patra (leaf), Sakha (twig) are also indicated in Samhitas. Curna, Kvatha, Kchirpaka, Ghrita, Asava Arista, are the various preparations developed in various period of time, which shows its importance in Ayurveda. In modern times various research scholars reported its Anti Ischaemic effect, Cardioprotective effect, Hypotensive effect also. Thus it is obvious that the Arjuna of anicent India is found to be effective in Hridaya raga (Heart Diseases).
Dr. Jalpa H. Jani*, Dr. DJ Patgiri**, Dr. B. Ravishankar***, Dr. PK Prajapati****
Clinical Evaluation Of Vanga Bhasma Prepared By Two Different Methods In The Management Of Madhumeha (Diabetes Mellitus)
Madhumeha is a widely evidential disease since ancient age till today and evidence is increasing day by day with lips and bounce with their complications and complexes. Diabetes mellitus is similar to Madhumeha which is a sub-type of Vataja Prameha. A Clinical trial was carried out on 50 patients having classical signs and symptoms of Madhumeha. The patients were selected irrespective of their age, sex, religion etc and were divided randomly into two groups i.e. group A and B treated with Vanga Bhasma prepared by Ardhagajaputa and Vastraputa method respectively. The obtained results were analyzed on the basis of improvement in classical features. Investigation parameters (hematological and biochemical) were also considered as supporting criteria for assessment. Hypoglycemia is one of the commonest adverse effects of the available allopathic antihyperglycemic drugs. It is the need of time to assess the hypoglycemic as well as anti-hyperglycemic activity of the Ayurvedic Pramehghana (anti diabetic) drug too and this study is a step towards the goal. Vanga Bhasma prepared by Puta method shows significant improvement on subjective as well as on objective parameters.
*Dr. Praveen R. Raut, **Prof. L. K. Dwivedi
Evaluation of Antibacterial Activity of Tribhuvana Kirti Rasa
2009 | January-March | VOLUME - III | ISSUE - 1
KEYWORDS - AFI, Zone of Inhibition, Cwtures, Culture Media, Tribhuvana Kirti Rasa
This Study is designed mainly to evaluate the comparative antibacterial activity of Tribhuvana Kirti Rasa (Yogratnakara) and Tribhuvana Kirti Rasa (AFI) in vitre against common pathogenic bacterias. For this aqueous and methanal extracts of the samples were prepared. Direct Fine Powder of there samples prepared were also tested. For assesement 'Disc diffusian method' & 'Well Method' was employed respectively. Aqueous extracts shows no antibacterial activity. Staph aureus was found to be senstive to the methanol extras. Staph aureus was found to be sensitive to the methanol extras. Staph aureus and salmonena typhi was moderately and highly exnsitive to the powdered samples respectively/ In all Tribuvanakiriti Rasa (AFI) shows greater intibition.
Dr. G. Babu*, Dr. U.R. Sekhar Namburi**, Dr. Om Prakash***
Management of Iron Deficiency Anaemia In Females by Punarnava Mandura
Anaemia is one of the universal problem and there are different types of anaemia was explained and among those Iron deficiency anaemia is one of most common prevalent problem in the females. In Ayurveda this disease is described as Panduroga and explained elaborative about its types, clinical features, pathogenesis and management. While describing the management of Panduroga to replace the iron deficiency different types of herbo-mineral drugs were explained and those can be used according to condition of the disease and patient. in present study Punurnavarnandura was selected to conduct clinical trail to know its efficacy on 30 subjects, who were selected from OPD, Central Research Institute (Ay), Gwalier. After completion of -the therapy it was observed that improvement in the general condition of patients as well as marked enhancement 87% in I-lb and 75% in the Sr. Iron.
*Dr. Mangalagowri V Rao
Critical Study on Adharaniya Vega (Nonsuppressible Urges)
Natural urges play pivotal role in the maintenance of health and prevention of diseases. Suppression of natural urges is the prime among the disease producing factors. Natural urges are produced due to the action of Vata and suppression of natural urges lead to many kinds of diseases including Udavarta. The suppression of natural urges vitiate the Vata in the abdomen (Koshtha) ie Samaria vayu and Apana Vayu, resulting in Udavarta. Various natural reflexes involve sympathetic nervous system, centers in the brain, local nerves and spinal cord. Invariably there is involvement of nervous system, during suppression of natural urges, which lead to symptoms or diseases accordingly. The complications due to Vata should be treated with measures like oleation, sudation, emesis, nasal instillation, enema etc. along with Vata alleviating diet and regimen. Non suppression of Adharaniya Vegas play key role in the prevention of diseases.
Ayurveda and Yoga are sister sciences that have been united for thousand of years for the sake of healing body, mind and consciousness. Both sciences use cleansing methods for the body, all of which encourage the removal of waste products and toxins through their natural routes of elimination. Tamaka Shwasa is one such disease which needs a lot of experiment. The clinical manifestations show high recurrence pattern. Therefore the management criteria should be addressed to quality improvement in the life of patients. The desired mode of management should not evoke dependence or adverse drug effects, which are the major concern in the medical field. The purification therapy mentioned in the Yaugic classical hooks followed by drugs which have Rasayana effects can improve the quality of life of patients by decreasing the recurrence of episodes and avoiding the drug dependence and adverse effects. Taking all these factors into consideration this study is chosen to evaluate the role of Yoga in the treatment and prevention of attack of Tamaka Shwasa'.
Acharya RN*, Shukla V J**, PP Sharma***, B Ravishankar****
Toxicological evaluation of a folklore claim medicinal plant Corchorus depressus (Linn.) Stocks, known as Bahuphali
Whole part of Corchorus depressus (Linn.) Stocks of the family Tiliaceac, identified as source plant of Bahuphali is being used by tribal people of Gujarat for treating male sexual dysfunctions and infertility. A pharmacological study was carried out to evaluate toxic effect if any of the Whole part of C depressus (Linn.) Stocks in two phases i.e short term(i5days) in high dose(25oo mg kg-1) and long term (60 days) in human equivalent dose (500 mg kg.') in albino rats. The parameters studied were ponderal, haematological, biochemical and histopathological changes. The test drug did not produce any mortality or significant toxic effect on different organs except for producing significant increase in blood urea level and mild fatty degenerative changes in liver.
Bronchial Asthma is the most frequent cause for visit to pediatricians, causing negative effect on children during their critical periods of growth and development. This study was conducted for clinical evaluation of Vasakantukaryadi Yog (hypothetical compound) and Snehana-Swedana in the management of Bronchial Asthma in children on various scientific parameters. Total 52 cases were screened out (out of which 6 cases discontinued) which were randomly divided into three groups — Group A (given Vasakantakaryadi Vag VICS1) Group B (Vasakantakaryadi Yog I<S1 and Snchana-Swedana) & Group C (Placebo I(S2 and Snehanu-Swedana ). The duration of the trial was 3 months. It was observed that overall clinical improvement was maximum in patients of Group B (70.21%), moderate in Group A (57.92%).Group C showed slight improvement (20.14%). Statistical evaluation of therapy showed high significance (p < 0.001) in all three groups.
Suvarna Bhama (SB) (gold ash), an indigenous Ayurveda preparation commonly used for male infertility was systematically studied in normal as well as pathological conduction ( total 83). It improved the spermatozoa count and motility which was statistically highly significant. The follow up study of four months showed a continued maintenance of high quality of semen.