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Journal of Ayurveda

A Peer Reviewed Research Publication of
National Institute of Ayurveda, Jaipur

TABLE OF CONTENT

2013   |   January-March   |   VOLUME - VII   |   ISSUE - 1

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Anatomical Aspects

*Dr'. Ashok Kumar, *Dr. N. Singh, * Dr. B. Swapna,***Dr. J. P. Verma,dr. K. Shringi

Development and Validation of Assessment Tool for Bhagandara Nidana w.s.r to Rukshadi tunas of Vata Dosha

2013   |   January-March   |   VOLUME - VII   |   ISSUE - 1

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ABSTRACT

Doshas are considered as the backbone of Ayurvedic physiology and pathology. Diagnosis of the various diseased states is very important and in Ayurvedic literature Madhav Nidana, among the classics, was entirely devoted to it. Diagnosis was focused on identifying the specific disturbance of Doshas in a given patient and not so much on affixing the label of a disease. Having identified the disturbance or disequilibrium of Doshas, treatment was directed at the restoration of the lost equilibrium. Disequilibrium of doshas, which results in development of disease undergoing six stages i.e Sanchaya, Prokopa, Prasara, Sthana Samshraya, Vyakti and Bheda, results in specific signs and symptoms related to particular dosha. Pathogenesis of diseases from the perspective of Ayurvedic principles is extremely complex to understand even for most experienced. That's why it is commonly seen that Ayurvedic practice is based on merely treating the symptoms of disease (Lakshnik Chikitsa) rather than considering the involved Dosha. Keeping in view above point it was proposed to develop a tool for Bhagandara Nidana. This will help to distinguish various types of Bhagandara according to involvement of Doshas which will be helpful for treatment according to involved Dosha.

Anatomical Aspects

*Dr. Hetal H. Dave, ** Dr. C.M. Jain, *** Dr. Sushila Sharma, *Dr. B. Pushpalatha

Development and Validation of Assessment Tool for Vatik Yonivyapadw.s.r to Rukshadi Gunas of Vata Dosha

2013   |   January-March   |   VOLUME - VII   |   ISSUE - 1

KEYWORDS - Yonivyapa, tools, objective, parameters, assessment
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In Ayurveda most of the factors which are to be assessed for the diagnosis of the diseases are subjective in nature. Some diagnostic techniques like nadi pariksha, dashvidha pariksha and astavidha pariksha are also subjective. Similar is the case with different gunas of tridosha. These are difficult to understand because of their subjective nature. In this era of globalization, to spread the knowledge of ayurveda we need to objectify the different tools, terminology and methodology of our science. An effort has been made to develop some objective assessment parameters for vatika symptoms of different yonivyapada to assess the particular guna involved in the pathogenesis.

Anatomical Aspects

*Dr Sunil Kumar

Assessment Criteria ofAnatomica1 Manifestations of Vata Dosha wsr to Gargbavakranti

2013   |   January-March   |   VOLUME - VII   |   ISSUE - 1

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ABSTRACT

For fomation of garbha, four sources are responsible, these are: mother, father, ahara rasa and atma. These four sources have sixteen components of mahabhutas (each having four mahabhutas: vayu, teja, jala, prthivi). The role of tridosha is very important in formation and development of fetus. Vata dosha (one of the tridoshas) is responsible for semen secretion. It is responsible for division of dosha, dhatu, mala and body organs. As division (cell) in the body is under control of Vata dosha then it is the only cause of any type of congenital malformation. By controlling or in natural form of Vata Dosha, congenital malformations could be prevented. So it is very important to assess the Vata Dosha in the body.

Anatomical Aspects

*Dr Sharma Fiaz

Understanding And Interpreting The Concept Of Rukshadi Gunas In Ayurveda

2013   |   January-March   |   VOLUME - VII   |   ISSUE - 1

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The central concept of Ayurvedic medicine is the theory that health exists when there is a balance of Tridoshas. Vata dosha is considered as the most important and significant among all three doshas in Ayurveda. Vata dosha is an invisible force, or energy, formed by the combination of Akasha and Vayu. Vataja disorders are chronic, incurable and difficult for cure and a proper diagnosis is very important for efficient management. The development of validity tools in different clinical conditions is very necessary for proper assessment. The various parts of human body are assessed to detect the normal and abnormal functions. Hence Anatomical parameters are an important asset for the development and validation of Assessment criteria. Research is important for interpretation of Ayurvedic literature in a standardized way. Research needs to be validated by specific tools and parameters. Hence there is need to develop validity tools for proper assessment. Hence an attempt has been made to develop the validity tools of Rukshadi gunas of Vata dosha keeping in mind the Anatomical concepts.

Physiological Studies

*Prof. Dr. R.K. Panigrahi

Importance Role of Laghuguna, its Scientific and Physiological explanation in Ayurveda

2013   |   January-March   |   VOLUME - VII   |   ISSUE - 1

KEYWORDS - Laghu, langhana, vata, char.
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Ayurveda is science which depends on its three main physiological entity-Vata, pitta & Ipha. Vata is made up of vayu & Akash mahabhuta. It is distributed all over the body & regulating physiological activity. Laghu is important guna of Vata. It is related to abash, vayu & tejamahabhuta. Langhana is performed by ten fold factors such as described by charaka on its factors such as animal habit, part of body, nature, activity, sex, mode of preparation & quantity. The best way of diet preparation is accompanied by ashta-Ahar vidhi visheshayatan.

Physiological Studies

*Dr. Asit Kumar Panja,**Dr. Chhaju Ram Yadau, ***Dr. Kashinath Samagandi

Development and validation of the objective criteria's of Rukshaadi Guna of Vata Dosha

2013   |   January-March   |   VOLUME - VII   |   ISSUE - 1

KEYWORDS - Ruksha, Laghu, Sheeta, Chala, Vata, Physiological aspect.
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ABSTRACT

Every physician strives to attain success in the field of clinical practice by vanquishing the all sorts of suffering. Knowledge of the various aspects of health & spectrum of disease assists the physician to overcome the burden of ailments. Ayurveda excellence emphasizes that, health of an individual directly relies upon the homeostasis of Vataadi Doshas ( humors) with respect to their Prakritika Guna and Karma. Tara Tama Bhava & Anisha Amsha Pari Kalpana of these attributes of Doshas demarcate the physiological status, pathological status and prognosis of diseases. Acknowledging these attributes of Vataadi Dosha with a purview of modern science is the dearth of present scenario. To understand this aspect of Doshas, there is a need of enhancement of fundamentals with respect to practical implementation. Present workshop had an oversight, to develop, validate and elucidate the objective tools to substantiate the Rukshaadi Guna of Vata Dosha. To address the present issues, the National Institute of Ayurveda, Jaipur invited a multidisciplinary team of experts to a workshop in March 2013 entitled "National workshop on Development and validation of the objective criteria's of Rukshaadi Guna of Vata Dosha". The participants discussed the etymological and syntactical derivation, bio-physical and molecular meaning, basic self graded questionnaire with concern to environmental factors and physical observation. Knowledge gaps were identified, and research priorities were listed and pavement for development of these tools is made. This article provides a summary of the conclave.

Physiological Studies

*Dr. J.S. Tripathi

Objective Parameters for Neuro-Psychological Assessment of key denominators of Vata Dosha

2013   |   January-March   |   VOLUME - VII   |   ISSUE - 1

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In Ayurveda, doshas are the functional intelligence within the body-mind complex. These dynamic energies manifest in the body through their qualities, specific sites and the active roles they in orchestrating the processes that create and sustain the body. In other words they are the energies that make things happen in the organism. The general mental function of vats dosha play very vital role in the maintenance of good mental health. The General mental health assessment is mandatory by using various scale for the evaluation of mental function like memory, intelligence speech and various cognitions sensory and motor function. We must test these scale in trems of Ayurvedic features of mental ailments and extensive work must be done to incorporate these scales in the field of Ayurvedic research. So that we can plan and document each and every case in the lights of present day knowledge.

Physiological Studies

*Prof R. K. Joshi, *Dr. D. S. Mishra, *Dr. C. B. Sharma, *Dr. Yogesh Kumar Pandey, *Dr. Udai Raj Saroj, *Dr. Ajay Kumar Salzu, *Dr. Jai Prakash Singh, *Dr. Harish Bhakuni

Development & Validation of assessment criteria of the Nidranasha

2013   |   January-March   |   VOLUME - VII   |   ISSUE - 1

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Background:Nidra is described as "Trays Upastarnbha" (three sub tripods ) of our body in our Ayurvedic classics. A good sleep promotes health in our body. Now-a — days due to cut throat competition and irregular lifestyle leads to various type of lifestyle disorders including Nidranasha (Insomnia). Insomnia is highly prevalent condition in industrialized nations worldwide. Approximately one third to one fourth of the population in industrialized nations report sleep disturbance problems at some point in their lives and approximately 10 percent suffer from persistent insomnia.Population-based studies suggest that about 30 per cent of the general population complains ofsleep disruption, while approximately 10 percent has associated symptoms of daytime functional impairment consistent with the diagnosis of insomnia, though it is unclear what proportion of that 10 per cent suffers from chronic insomnia. Not surprisingly, higher prevalence rates are found in clinical practices, where about one-half of respondents report symptoms of sleep disruption. Aims and objective —To propose a hypothesis for the development a scale for assessment of the Nidranasha (Insomnia). Material & methods — All the references from the Ayurvedic scriptures, Researches, journals of the Ayurveda.The various scales used in the modern psychiatry medicine.Observations & Results —The symptoms of Nidranasha as per the ayurvedic classics which are observed in clinical practice a symptom grading scale according to severity can be used.Patients general memory and intelligence can also be assessed. For the assessment of memory and intelligence standardize Mini mental score test can be adopted as it has been used widely by various researchers in both modern and Ayurvedic fraternity.

Physiological Studies

*Prof. R. K. Joshi, *Dr. D. S. Mishra, *Dr. C. B. Sharma, *Dr. Yogesh Kuniar Pandey, *Dr. Udai Raj Saroj, *Dr. Ajay Kumar Sahu, *Dr. Jai Prakash Singh, *Dr. Hanish Bhakuni

Development & Validation of assessment criteria of the Manasa Bhava related to vata dosha.

2013   |   January-March   |   VOLUME - VII   |   ISSUE - 1

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Mental health is very important for the complete health of the individual. A good mental health reflects the physical health of a person. The mental and physical health work in tandem maintains homeostasis of the body. Now a day's mental disorders quite prevalent in the society and we are encountering the global problem. Prevalence rates for all mental disorders were observed to be 65.4 per moo population. Prevalence rates for schizophrenia, affective disorders (depression), anxiety neurosis, hysteria and mental retardation were 2.3, 31.2, 18.5, 4.1 and 4.2 per 1000 population respectively. The urban morbidity rate was 2 per woo higher than the rural rate. Vata plays very crucial role in various higher functions along with other two doshas but uata is the principle dosha which governs all the higher functions. It is the need of the time for the proper evaluation of dosha evolved in the mental disorders, so that we can figure out the exact doshik involvement which is very important for the management as well as assessment of the various mental functions in reference of the uata. it is intended that any professional in the mental health services can utilize relevant and appropriate tools/scales from this portfolio. Effective care delivery relies on a comprehensive assessment being made. The use of validated assessment tools enhances assessment and can be incorporated into the management of patient/client care in a variety of ways. Aims and objective —To propose a hypothesis for the development & validation of a scale for assessment of the various mental components in reference of uata dosha. Material & methods All the references from the Ayurvedic scriptures, Researches, journals of the Ayurveda.The various scales used in the modern psychiatry medicine. Observations & Results —Vata Dosha is the stimulator of Manus the cognitive, cognitive organs. This is also considered as the controller of manias. It carries the impulses to and from Indriyas thus become the propeller of all sorts of actions. It is the factor which stands behind the functioning of speech and sensation of touch. All mental activities are imbalanced when Vata become vitiated like - speech incapability, improper perception of taste and smell, deletion of enthusiasm etc. Again when Vata increases, the manifestations are like lack of perception of taste, diminish of vision numbness, delirium, fear etc. In the present context this study has been planned to understand and evaluate the higher mental function in reference of vata dosha and to develop the scale for the assessment of higher mental function of the vata dosha.

Physiological Studies

Dr Yogeh Kumar Pandey, Prof AK Sharma, Prof RK Joshi, Dr DS Mishra, Dr CB Sharma Dr UR Saroj, Dr Ajay Salm, Dr JP Singh, Dr Harish Bhakuni*

Scope of Development & Validation of Assessment Criteria For Ayurvedic Research On Vatika Unmaada

2013   |   January-March   |   VOLUME - VII   |   ISSUE - 1

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Vatika dosa is main root principle to creat manas roga, Vatika unmaad is purely manas rag , and its treatment to saman of vata dosa, in this article we mentioned buddhi, medha, dhee and memory also.Its effect in memory and other unmaad roga, The Manas (mind) is concerned with different thought processes. It is the factor that is defined by knowledge and ignorance. Things requiring consideration, contemplation, premise, attention and resolution are objects of Manas. Control of sense organs, self restraint, premise and consideration are the normal functions of Manas.Its excessive, none or wrong interaction with its objects is conducive to the abnormal mental conditions. In this article we have tried to find out timing individual is timid, predominance of rajas & tamas, aggravated and vitiated doshas, unwholesome and unclean diets, prodromal symptoms of Unmaada in practical life, we described the symptoms of Vatik Unmaad roga, we tried to develop to Criteria of mental disease, compared to line of Ayurveda treatment & modern treatment.

Physiological Studies

*Dr Santosh kumar Bhatted, *Vd Sriniwas Sharma, **Dr Gapesh Mangal, **Dr Sarvesh kumur Singh

Understanding and Development of certain parameters for assessement of Vishada

2013   |   January-March   |   VOLUME - VII   |   ISSUE - 1

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Mind is considered as the foremost factor for the attachment, detachment and for the fulfillment of desire. One of the commonest afflictions of mind is Vishada. This condition is clearly described in ancient Indian literature. It is defined as a condition originated from Apprehension of failure resulting into incapability of mind and body to function properly. The disease Vishada is characterized by both psychic and somatic feature. It is considered as foremost cause for the progress of any disease, which indicates the concept of Psycho-neuro-immunology. Based upon the signs and symptoms it can be correlated to Depression described in the modern psychiatry. The Arjuna Vishada described in Bhaguad Cite is a condition similar to that of Acute Anxiety Neurosis followed by prolonged episode of Depression. Shoka, Bhaya, Dhainya and features of Ojakshaya can be considered as suitable parameters for the assessment of Vishada In addition to these Hamiltan's depression Rating Scale (HAM-D) may be adopted for the assessment of Vishada.

Physiological Studies

*Dr Santoshkumar Bhatted

Effect ofRukshadi Guna of Vata on Manasa Bhava and development of parameters for Vishada - A Vataja Manasa Roga

2013   |   January-March   |   VOLUME - VII   |   ISSUE - 1

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The close relation between Vata Dosha and Mana is an established concept as Vata is considered as the regulator and controller of mind and stimulator behind the indriyas for the indulgence in their objects. Apart from this in the context of characterstics of Prakriti Charaka has attributed specific psychological, sensorial and intellectual features due to specific Guna (property) of Vata Dosha. Some of the Manasa Bhava and Manasa Vyadhi are mentioned under Vataja Nanatmaja Roga. The present study is aimed at developing parameters for the assessment of Vishada, a Vataja Manasa Roga.

Physiological Studies

*Dr. Nisha Ojha, *Dr. Rakesh Nagar, *Dr. Shrinidhi Kumar K

Assessment of Rukshadi gunas of Vats dosha on normal psychological functioning in children

2013   |   January-March   |   VOLUME - VII   |   ISSUE - 1

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Mental health in children is defined by the achievement of expected developmental cognitive, social and emotional milestones and at the same time satisfying social relationships and effective coping skills. Mentally healthy children enjoy a positive quality of life; function well at home, in school, and in their communities; and are free of disabling symptoms of psychopathology. An appreciation of normal psychological functioning is crucial to understanding mental health in children and the risks they face in maintaining mental health. Distortions in the process of psychological functioning may lead to mental disorders or the behavioral problems. Ayurveda considers vata, pitta and kappa as three fundamental forces that determine the proper functioning of the human body, both at physical and mental level. Each of these three doshas plays a vital role in determining the psychological presentation and disharmony of any of these tridosha leads to abnormal behavior. The paper explores the normal process of involvement of rukshadi gunas of vata dosha in understanding psychological development in young children and further behavioral outcome.

Laboratory & Clinical Methods

*Dr. Rajgopala S., "Prof. M. S. Bagitel

Developing Guidelines For Assessment Criteria OfRoga, Deha, Agni And Chetasa Bala Wsr To Vata Dosha

2013   |   January-March   |   VOLUME - VII   |   ISSUE - 1

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Research is a continuous process and should be able to put its impact on the fields of academics, pharmacy and practice. The ancient research methodologies are totally different in their path, though the end point is same i.e. benefit to patient. Ayurveda requires research in the areas of Ayurvedic diagnostic principles taking in to consideration of doshas, dushya, Agni, Ama etc. units of samprapti, so that the Ayurveda diagnosis can be made more pinpointed leading to more effective treatment strategies. This research paper outline the developning Guidelines for assessment criteria of Raga,. Dosha, Agni and Chetasa gala wsr to Vata dosa

Laboratory & Clinical Methods

*Dr. Reetu Sharma

Assessment of Vata by Mutra Pariksha

2013   |   January-March   |   VOLUME - VII   |   ISSUE - 1

KEYWORDS - Taila bindu pariksha, Vata, guru, Mutra pariksha
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Vata is considered most important among Tridosha as Pitta and Kapha depends on vats for their functioning. If Vata gets vitiated it results into various pathological conditions. To treat Vata it is essential that we identify the Vata gunas which are vitiated. Till now it is done by help of subjective parameters which are mainly based on clinical features of the disease. Assessment of these parameters varies from person to person and so there is need that standardized methods for assessment of Vata should be designed. Tana bindu pariksha along with Mutra pariksha can be useful tool for assessment of Vata gunas.

Laboratory & Clinical Methods

*Dr. Surendra Kumar Sharma, **Dr Ranjita Ekka

Assessment criteria of Rukshadi guna of vata w.s.r. to prakriti pariksha

2013   |   January-March   |   VOLUME - VII   |   ISSUE - 1

KEYWORDS - Prakriti, Vata, Ruksha, Laghu
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Ayurveda the Indian system of medicine has developed a lot of techniques within its scientific range. But still it needs to develop its diagnostic, prognostic and pharmaceutical techniques to the level of modern scientific parameter. So that the depth of the science can be globalised very fast and will be easily assessable by every medical practitioner. There are so many diagnostic methods are described in ancient texts. Prakriti pariksha is one of the important parts in all type of diagnostic method in Ayurveda. Here it has been tried to establish the diagnostic criteria of classical properties of vata with reference to possible modern technique has done. So that the subjective and objective assessment of vata can be evaluate in proper manner.

Laboratory & Clinical Methods

*Dr. Balkrishnu Seuatkar

Assessment of Chala Guna of Vata in reference to Electrocardiogram

2013   |   January-March   |   VOLUME - VII   |   ISSUE - 1

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Concept of Vata is a very critical due to its "Arnutramaan" (means having no shape & size) nature it has lack of compactness or junction like pitta and kapha.To determine the Vaya we have to assess its gunas & karmas. Without gati or movement life is no longer so an effort will be made to determine the assessment criteria for knowing the chalatwa of Vata with the help of existing tools of modern medicine, ECG can be very helpful to assess this chaltwa gunas.

Laboratory & Clinical Methods

*Dr Sisir Mandal, **Dr. Papri Nat/i, ***Dr. Asit Kumar Panic

Assessment of Dhatu-sarata-pariksha' w.s.r to quality of Vata

2013   |   January-March   |   VOLUME - VII   |   ISSUE - 1

KEYWORDS - sore, dhatu-surata
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Jatharagni acts on pancabhautic-ahara and ahara-rasa is produced and subsequently this ahara-rasa is subjected for further paka by dhatvugnis. During this process some essence of that dhatu also is produced and stays in sthayi-dhatu. This essence is termed as sure of that dhatu. Normal Vata controls the whole body as well as the body parts and it is the sole responsible factor for the formation of ditatu and compactness of the body. Various normal and abnormal manifestations of dose specially votes-doss are manifested through the dhatu. A comprehensive assessment of any individual dosa can not be possible without the assessment of relative interlinked processes and facts. Hence assessment of dhatu-sarata is contextually accountable to assess and validate the attributes of vata-dosa.

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