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Journal of Ayurveda

A Peer Reviewed Research Publication of
National Institute of Ayurveda, Jaipur

TABLE OF CONTENT

2018   |   January-March   |   VOLUME - XII   |   ISSUE - 1

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Clinical Studies

Dr. Surya Prakash,Prof. Pawankumar Godatwar,Dr. B. K. Sevatkar

A NidanatmakaStudy On Sandhigata Vata(Degenerative Joint Disease) Among Local Community Of Jaipur

2018   |   January-March   |   VOLUME - XII   |   ISSUE - 1

KEYWORDS - Sandhigata vata,Degenerative joint disease,Vataprakopaka Nidana
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ABSTRACT

Background: Sandhigata vata is one of the most common diseases in Ayurveda practice. It is a type of Vatavyadhi which mainly occurs in Vriddhavastha (old age) due to Dhatukshaya, (that shows its degenerative nature) and other Vataprakopaka (vitiated) etiological factors. In contemporary medical science the similar condition of joint is explained as Osteoarthritis, also called degenerative joint disease having multifactorial etiology. Objectives: This study aimed to find out the Prevalence and Nidana, Samprapti factors of Sandhigata vata (degenerative joint disease) in the local community. Materials and Methods: This work was a cross-sectional study. The study subjects were the patients who attended with complaints of joint pain to the OPD/IPD/Laboratory of NIA Hospital, SSBW Hospital Jaipur and various camps from 1 July 2014 to 31 January 2015. Observations & Conclusion: Observations of the study are presented in Tables I to VII according to various profile. There is a high prevalence of Sandhigata vata in local community especially 40 years and above, with female dominancy. Commonest affected joints were found knee, Lumbosacral spine, fingers, cervical spine, hip etc. in decreasing order. We also analyzed the various Aharaja, Viharaja, Manasa and other Vataprakopaka Nidana, Samprapti factors of Sandhigata vata. Dhatukshaya in Vriddhavastha is the prime Nidana for Sandhigata vata and also Sthoulya (Obesity) is another important causative factor for Vataprakopa causing Meda avarana in Madhyamavastha (middle age).

Clinical Studies

Dr. Ashish Pareek,Dr. J.P. Verma,Dr. Ashok Kumar,Prof. P. Hemant kumar,Dr. Narinder Singh,Dr. Prashant saini

Effect of ModifiedKshar Karma (Sclerotherapy) In The Management of Haemorrhoids – A Comparative Study Of Phenol And Apamarg Kshar

2018   |   January-March   |   VOLUME - XII   |   ISSUE - 1

KEYWORDS - Sclerotherapy,Apamarg kshar,Albright solution,Sclerosant
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ABSTRACT

Sclerotherapy is described for treating internal haemorrhoids specially grade I &II. The Sclerotherapy procedure employs a Sclerosant (kind of chemical) that scars the inflamed tissue, reducing the haemorrhoid’s blood-flow and its symptoms. Currently available conservative treatment mode for bleeding piles is not so effective. Patient of haemorrhoids has hesitation about surgery. So there should be a way between medicinal & surgical measures like sclerotherapy. With Sclerotherapy treatment, recovery time is shorter and the procedure threatens less risky side-effects; additionally, because the procedure can be done in O.P.D., it does not require a stay in the hospital. The phenol is very irritant in nature, and so painful. Sometimes it lead to sterile abscess in anal region. While Apamarg kshar is a herbal product and less irritant in nature, it may be a great substitute of phenol in sclerotherapy. Methodology: Total 30 patients were selected of hemorrhoids Grade I & Grade II on the basis of simple random Sampling (SRS) procedure & distributed in 2 equal groups randomly by computer generated random table. After completion of trial symptoms were compared with baseline at beginning. In group A Apamarg kshar was used as a sclerosant and in group B standard Albright solution used as a sclerosant. Result: t In group A out of 15 patients complete relief was seen in the 10 patients, marked relief in 01 patients, moderate relief in 03 patients, mild relief in 01 patients and no patient was seen with no relief. t In group B Out of 15 patients complete relief was seen in the 06 patients, marked relief in 03 patients, moderate relief in 05 patients, mild relief in 01 patients and no patient was seen with no relief. Conclusion: After assessment, it was noted that role of Apamarg kshar was effective when it was used as a sclerosant in patients suffering with hemorrhoids grade I & II.

Clinical Studies

Dr. Priyanka Sharma,Prof. Sushila Sharma

A comparative study of Snuhi Ksharaand Apamarg Kshara in the management of Karnini Yonivyapad w.s.r. to Cervical Erosion

2018   |   January-March   |   VOLUME - XII   |   ISSUE - 1

KEYWORDS - Cervical Erosion,Karnini Yonivyapad,Karnika,Garbhashayagriva
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ABSTRACT

A female’s multifaceted life undergoes series of physiological changes in each and every phase. Majority of the women are facing problem of Karnini Yoni Vyapada mainly in the reproductive phase of their life. It is the replacement of the stratified squamous epithelium of the portio-vaginalis by the columnar epithelium of endocervix. It is a benign condition but if left untreated may lead up to infertility and predisposes cervical malignancy. In Ayurvedic texts almost all gynaecological disorders comes under the umbrella of term ‘yonivyapad’ and ‘Karnini Yonivyapad’ is one among of them. On the basis of etiopathogenesis, clinical features, complications and principles of treatment Karnini Yonivyapad is similar to cervical erosion. Looking into the pathogenesis of the ‘Karnini Yonivyapad’, it is a disease in which vitiated Dosha are Vata and Kapha while affected Dhatu is Rakta. Thus Vata-Kapha Shamaka and Raktashodhaka treatment is implemented and as per the treatment of Cervical Erosion the treatment is designed to destruct the columnar epithelium and to promote the re-epithelization of the squamous tissues. Kshara has been proved to be effective in some previous research works. So in present trial, Two Kshara have been selected to formulate standard line of treatment. Snuhi Kshara and Dhatakyadi Taila Pichu was applied in group A while Apamarg Kshara and Dhatakyadi Taila Pichu was applied in group B. The study reveals that the group A showed better results than the group B.

Clinical Studies

Dr. Niraj Kumar Joshi,Dr. Rakesh Kumar Nagar,Dr. Piyush S. Mehta

Clinical Study on the Efficacy of “Shri Siddha Modak” in the Management of Balshoshw.s.r. to Protein Energy Malnutrition in Children

2018   |   January-March   |   VOLUME - XII   |   ISSUE - 1

KEYWORDS - Balshosha,Shosha,PEM,Malnutrition,Shri Siddha Modak,Total Serium Protein,Hemoglobin,Pratishyaya,Weight, Height
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ABSTRACT

The present clinical study has been carried out with aims toevaluate the efficacy of Ayurvedic drug (Shri Siddha Modaka) in the management of Balshosha and to abolish the symptoms of Balshosha and to promote growth of children and weight gain. Material & Method: Total 71 patients of Balshosha (PEM) were randomly selected of age group 3 to 8 years, on the basis of inclusion and exclusion criteria from the OPD/IPD of Bal-Roga department, NIA Jaipur and randomly divided into two groups i.e. 35 in Group A and rest in Group B. Group A received trial drug Shri Siddha Modak and Group B received placebo for 3 months trial period. Results: Very significant (P value 0.0032) improvement was found in clinical feature Arochaka and significant improvement was found statistically as well as clinically in Pratishyaya, Kasa, Mukha Swetata, Netra Swetata and Swasa in Group A over Group B. Significant improvement was found in anthropometric findings i.e. Weight, Height and Mid Arm Circumference and very significant improvement inlab investigation i.e. Hemoglobin level and Total Serum Protein. Conclusion: The trial drug is effective in reducing the symptoms of Balshosha as well as symptoms of PEM. It promotes the growth and weight gain in children suffering with Balshosha.No adverse effect of the trial drug was observed during the study period.

Clinical Studies

Dr. Rashmi Patekar,Prof. M.L Jaiswal

Evaluation ofVacha (Acorus calamus Linn.) & Shalmali kantaka (Bombex ceiba Linn.) in the management of Yuvanapidika

2018   |   January-March   |   VOLUME - XII   |   ISSUE - 1

KEYWORDS - Yuvanapidika,Vacha,Shalmali kantaka
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ABSTRACT

Introduction – Yuvanapidika is a multifactorial disease which has remained difficult to manage and control by modern drugs. There is a growing interest of the population towards the efficacy of Ayurvedic drugs on skin diseases. Since skin diseases are located in Bahya Roga Marga, drugs administered through topical route plays an important and efficacious role in the management of such diseases. Lepa of Shalmali kantaka and combination of Lodhra, Dhanyaka and Vacha is mentioned in classical texts for Yuvanapidika. Therefore considering the roga-rogi variations clinical trial was designed to assess the effect of lepa of Vacha in comparison with Shalmali kantaka lepa. Objectives - To evaluate the efficacy of external application of Vacha & Shalmali kantaka in the management of Yuvanapidika. Material and Method – (i) Design – Open, two armed, randomized and comparative clinical trial (ii) Settings – OPD registered volunteers, Participants – 30 consenting apparent healthy volunteers (16-30 years of age), of either sex Intervention – 2 groups, Group A - Lepa of Vacha churna with water once daily in the morning over the affected part. Group B - Lepa of Shalmali kantaka churna with milk once daily in the morning over the affected part. Intervention Period - 30 Days, Outcome measures –Photography Results – Statistically significant result was observed in both the groups. Although numerically slightly better result was observed in Group A but practically almost similar result was observed in both groups. Conclusion – Vacha works better in the person having Kapha prakriti, oily skin, deep seated & long standing pidika whereas Shalmali kantaka works better in the condition having Pitta prakriti, normal to dry skin, not so deep seated pidikas and more in number of pidikas.

Clinical Studies

Dr. Pratibha Tiwari,Prof. A. K. Sharma

Clinical Evaluation of Ashvagandhadyarishta, Jatamamsi Arka And Sarpagandha Vati In The Management of Essential Hypertension (Uccha Raktachapa)

2018   |   January-March   |   VOLUME - XII   |   ISSUE - 1

KEYWORDS - Ashvagandhadyarishta,Jatamamsi Arka,Sarpagandha Vati,Uccha Raktachapa
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ABSTRACT

According to Ayurveda, Uccha Raktachapa is Vata-Pitta Pradhana Tridoshaja Vyadhi. Its accompaniment is with Rasa Rakta dusti. Rasavaha, Raktavaha and Manovaha Srotasa are also the main culprits. Life style changes are also the main origin of psychosomatic disorders. Role of mandagni is the principal source at the back of every disease that told by Acharyas, which causes utaptti of Aama. Aama in the Rasa Rakta Dhatu increases the viscosity and also pressure to combat this. All diseases are to be understand thoroughly in terms of Nidana, Purvarupa, Rupa, Upashyas and Samprapti for planning of correct line of treatment. In Ayurveda, the drugs having Rakta prasadana, Pitta virechana, Vedanasthapana, Sangyasthapana, Nidrajanana, Rasayana. Mutravirechniya Hridya properties are used for Essential Hypertension (Uccha Raktachapa). The trial drugs ‘Ashvagandhadyarishta, Jatamamsi Arka and Sarpagandha Vati’ are used in practice for Uccha Raktachapa). So the following study was undertaken in 50 patients of Essential Hypertension (Uccha Raktachapa) to evaluate the efficacy and safety of ‘Ashvagandhadyarishta, Jatamamsi Arka and Sarpagandha Vati’ in the management of Essential Hypertension (Uccha Raktachapa). Clinical Study reveals that after 12 weeks duration treatment given to a series of patients of Essential Hypertension showed significant improvement in Uccha Raktachapa. From the above trial it is clear that ‘Ashvagandhadyarishta, Jatamamsi Arka and Sarpagandha Vati’ can be used as safe and effective ‘Therapeutic Agent’ in the management of Essential Hypertension (Uccha Raktachapa).

Clinical Studies

Dr. Bhusal Nirmal,Dr. Vedpathak S M

Comparative Efficacy of NasyaAnd Cervical Traction In The Management ofManyastambha

2018   |   January-March   |   VOLUME - XII   |   ISSUE - 1

KEYWORDS - Manyastambha,Nasya,Stambha,Ruka,Cervical Traction
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ABSTRACT

Background: Manyastambha is the clinical entity in which the back of the neck becomes stiff or rigid and the movements of the neck are impaired. It can be co-related with Cervical Spondylosis in modern prospective. 66% of adults experience neck pain in their lifetime and 5% are highly disabled by it. Nasya being the treatment of choice in Urdhvajatrugata Vata Vyadhi is adopted in the management of Manyastambha. Objective: To evaluate the comparative efficacy of Nasya and Cervical Traction in Manyastambha. Material & Methods: 30 patients (15 in each Group) coming under inclusive criteria were taken for study. Narayana Taila Nasya 8 drops in each nostrils (0.4ml) for 14 days daily in group A & Intermittent Cervical Traction with Tractive force -1/10th body weight of patient for 15 minutes for 14 Days daily in group B were given. Assessment was done on 0, 14, 21 & 30th day. Results: Both the treatments were significant. In between group comparison the p value is >0.05 indicating no significant difference between the two groups. Discussion & Conclusion: As Manyastambha is Vatavyadhi, Snehana type of Navana Nasya is beneficial. Nasya with Narayan Taila is equally effective in the management of Manyastambha as Intermittent Cervical Traction.

Clinical Studies

Dr. Richa Sharma,Dr. Anita Sharma,Prof. Ramakant Sharma

A Comparative Antipyretic Efficacy Of Aqueous Extract And Alcoholic Extract Of Sanjeevani Vati In Textual Dose W.S.R To Jwar: An In-Vivo Study

2018   |   January-March   |   VOLUME - XII   |   ISSUE - 1

KEYWORDS - Sanjeevani vati,antipyretic effect,extract
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ABSTRACT

Sanjivani vati is official in Ayurvedic formulary of India and is prescribed for the treatment of cough and fever. It is a polyherbal preparation containing ten ingredients. In this research paper, the antipyretic activity of the aqueous and the alcoholic (ethanol) extract of Sanjeevani vati were assessed on wistar albino rats with the help of the brewer’s yeast-induced pyrexia method and compare the antipyretic efficacy of the both extracts with each other and with standard i.e. paracetamol too. Acute toxicity of both extracts was analyzed in albino wistar rat. On the basis of statistical analysis the experimental data demonstrated that the antipyretic activity of alcoholic extract of Sanjeevani vati possesses significantly remarkable antipyretic activities compared to the aqueous extract of Sanjeevani vati.

Clinical Studies

Dr. Ujwala S. Hivale,Dr. Santoshkumar Bhatted

Effect of Triphaladi Virechana karma in the management of Essential Hypertention

2018   |   January-March   |   VOLUME - XII   |   ISSUE - 1

KEYWORDS - Hypertension,Virechana karma
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ABSTRACT

Hypertension one of the grave condition accounts 6% of death of worldwide. About 800 million people in the world are suffering from hypertension. Increased blood pressure was the cause of an estimated 9.4 million deaths and 162 million years of life lost in 2010 and the cause of 50% of heart disease.stroke and heart failure, 13%of deaths overall. Long term use of antihypertensive drugs is associated with adverse effect. According to Ayurveda hypertension can be consider as Tridoshaja Vata-Pitta Pradhana vyadhi with Dusthi of Rasa, Rakta, Meda. Ayurveda radical treatment like Panchakarma, corrects the basic pathology by eliminating the chief causative factors. Virechana Karma is best for the elimination of vitiated Pitta Dosha and It regulate movement of Vata Dosha. Thus present study has been conducted on 15 patient to evaluate Effect of Triphaladi Virechana karma in the management of Essential Hypertention.The study reveals that Virechana karma is highly effective in reducing both systolic and diastolic blood pressure.

Clinical Studies

Dr. Sheenam,Dr. Gulab Chand Pamnani

Clinical evaluation on the effect of Bala Taila Nasya and Gyan Mudra in the management of Vatika Shirahshoola w.s.r. to Tension Headache

2018   |   January-March   |   VOLUME - XII   |   ISSUE - 1

KEYWORDS - Vatika Shirahshoola,Tension headache,Bala Taila Nasya,Gyan Mudra
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ABSTRACT

Now a days, due to changes in lifestyle daily routine of the common man is greatly disturbed which may lead to various disorders, one of which is Vatika Shirahshoola (Tension Headache). Headache has troubled mankind from dawn of civilization and Tension headache is one of the common causes of recurrent headaches. Tension headache is one such psychosomatic disease which can be compared with Vatika Shirahshoola described in Ayurveda texts. In the present study 30 patients of Vatika Shirah shoola were clinically evaluated to assess the effect of Bala Taila Nasya & Gyan Mudra. Study shows highly significant relief in Tivraruja, Nishi-ch-atimatram disturbed sleepand significant relief in stiffness of neck & shoulder and difficulty in concentrating with the application of Bala Taila Nasya & Gyan Mudra.

Pharmaceutical Study

Dr. Vidula Patil,Prof. K. Shankar Rao

Synthesis, Characterization & Histopathological study of zinc based Indian traditional drug Yashada Bhasma

2018   |   January-March   |   VOLUME - XII   |   ISSUE - 1

KEYWORDS - Yashad,Bhasma,Rasashastra,Diabetes
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ABSTRACT

One of the traditional medicines used to treat diabetes, eye disorders and many other diseased conditions is Yashad Bhasma. Invention of Yashad as metal is a land mark in the field of Rasashastra. The present study was done to study the physical and chemical characteristics of the Bhasma with the help of tests mentioned in traditional texts of Rasashastra, also with use of available technology the composition of the Bhasma and particle size was confirmed. The animal experiment was carried out to study the long term effects of the Bhasma on the body metabolism in albino rats with histopathology and blood parameters. The observations and results obtained regarding the study are discussed in the full article.

Pharmaceutical Study

Dr. Shreekant. A. Patil,Dr. M.S. Doddamani,Dr. Krishna.S,Dr. Jyoti. S. Patil

Pharmaceutico-Analytical Study of Shodhita Malla Prepared By Two Different Methods and Their Comparative Antibacterial Activity

2018   |   January-March   |   VOLUME - XII   |   ISSUE - 1

KEYWORDS - Malla,Shodhan,Antibacterial activity
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ABSTRACT

Rasaoushadhies got their own importance and major role in day-to-day practice, because of their smaller dose and quicker effectiveness etc. Malla is one of the most and instant release molecule which has got wide indications for the diseases as Jvara, Atisara, Kasa, rajayakshma etc, which are manifested by Krimi. In recent years numbers of antimicrobial agents have been discovered, but unfortunately even with the advent of numerous AMA; still most of the physicians are unable to treat these infection appropriately due to hindrances while treating these infection like development of resistance, adverse effects and patient affordability etc. Making antibacterial drug therapy effective safe and affordable has been the focus of interest during recent years. Some of the Ayurvedic formulations may be considered as an ideal replacement for treating certain bacterial infections.

Pharmaceutical Study

Dr. Basant Kumar Sharma,Dr. V. Nageswara Rao,Dr. Mohar Pal Meena

Evaluation of Antimicrobial Activity ofVetala Rasa

2018   |   January-March   |   VOLUME - XII   |   ISSUE - 1

KEYWORDS - Vetala Rasa,Antimicrobial study,Bacteria,Fungus
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ABSTRACT

Now a day’s infectious diseases are posing problem for human beings. In order to avoid different infections, production and use of antibiotics is on rise. The widespread misuse of antimicrobial agents is responsible for emerging microbial resistance. The development of bacterial resistance and adverse effect to presently available antibiotics has necessitated the search for new antibacterial agents in different systems of medicine. So Vetala Rasa a traditional medicine has been selected for this study. The antimicrobial activity of the Vetala Rasa was tested against pathogenic bacterial strain as Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, Salmonella enterica typhi and pathogenic fungal strain as Candida albicans, Aspergillus niger. In order to, In-vitro Study of Vetala Rasa was done by Well diffusion method. During this study Vetala Rasa was trailed with above said common pathogenic bacteria and fungus. To correlate the result Control Solution was prepared by Gentamycin Sulphate as antibacterial and Greseofulvin as antifungal. Experimental groups were compared with Control group and observations were noted.

Pharmaceutical Study

Dr.Suparna Saha,Dr.Omprakash Panwar,Prof. Parimi Suresh,Dr. B. Pushpa Latha

Pharmaceutical study of Apamarga kshar to enhance the yield by modified method

2018   |   January-March   |   VOLUME - XII   |   ISSUE - 1

KEYWORDS - Apamarga kshar
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ABSTRACT

Since Samhita period detail descriptions of Kshara Kalpana regarding their methods of preparation, definition, varieties, properties and applications are found. Acharya Sushruta defines the kshara as the substance possessing Ksharana and Kshanan properties. There is difference of opinion in the amount of water used, number of filtrations carried out etc regarding kshara preparation. Same is the case with the preparation of Apamarga Kshara also. Generally apamarga kshara is prepared by decantation process in a single wash. But in the present study it was prepared by the capillary action and washing was done for 3 times to increase the yield and to reduce the loss during straining. Yield of Apamarga kshara was found to be 49% which was far more when compared to traditional methods.

Conceptual Studies

Dr. Anil Kumar Joshi,Prof. Sunil Kumar

A Critical Study of Masanumasik Garbha Vridhi

2018   |   January-March   |   VOLUME - XII   |   ISSUE - 1

KEYWORDS - Brihatrayee,Masanumasik Garbha Vridhi,Sharir Sthan
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ABSTRACT

Embryological development has always been topic of interest for researcher of medical science since ancient time. The seers of Ayurveda have devoted a great time in the description of total development to attain begat Supraja. That is the child not only healthy but also good enough to society. The Brihatrayee have described Masanumasik Garbha Vridhi (monthly development of foetus) in Sharir Sthan of respected treatise. The knowledge of foetal development gives a chance to know its normal growth or any abnormality which can be examined by various modern techniques like USG. This study will be concert with classical as well as modern science by monthly development, to develop a complete view of embryological development.

Conceptual Studies

Dr. Rachna Agrawal,Dr. Sarvesh Kumar Agrawal,Prof. Kamalesh Kumar Sharma

A Conceptual Study On Geriatric Health Care In Ayurveda

2018   |   January-March   |   VOLUME - XII   |   ISSUE - 1

KEYWORDS - Geriatric health care,Jara,Ageing,Rasayana
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ABSTRACT

Ayurveda covers all the spheres of human health including Jara which is a specialty aiming to rejuvenate and geriatric care. The world population of the elderly is increasing speedily and by the year 2050, adults older than 65 years will comprise 1/5th of global population. According to an estimate the likely number of elderly people in India by 2016 will be around 113 million. Aged body is physiologically different from adult body. Previous health issues and life style choices produce different constellation of disease and symptoms in different people. Aged persons are weak both physically and mentally. Therefore it is needed to alter their life-style so they require minimal use of drugs. The Rasayana, dietary pattern and life-style changes are there to solve and prevent all these problems. These may enhance the longevity, develops the positive health, mental faculties and resistance and immunity against the diseases. Present study was planned with an Aim & Objectives to plan an integrated module of lifestyle for elderly persons, which should be acceptable to the common people in direction to improve their quality of life. Materials & Methods of the study are Ayurvedic texts like Brihattrayi, Laghuttrayi, Samgraha Grantha, modern literatures, journals research papers and other ancient literature. Discussion: A positive change in lifestyle which includes less stress, proper rest/sleep, exercising, balanced diet and preventing and curing health problems in early stages and a good Rasayana therapy help us to fight Ageing.

Literary Reviews

Dr. Nikita Baghel,Prof. Shamsa Fiaz,Dr. Prabhakar Vardhan

A Review Article On Sushkakshipaka ( Dry Eye Syndrome)

2018   |   January-March   |   VOLUME - XII   |   ISSUE - 1

KEYWORDS - Dry Eye Syndrome,Sushkakshipaka
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ABSTRACT

Dry eye syndrome is a common yet frequently under-recognized clinical condition whose aetiology and management challenge clinicians and researchers alike. It is a multifactorial disease of the tears and ocular surface that results in symptoms of discomfort, visual disturbance, and tears film instability with potential damage to the ocular surface. It is accompanied by increased osmolarity of the tear film and inflammation of the ocular surface. In Ayurveda this condition can be correlated to Sushkakshipaka., On the basis of etiopathogenesis, clinical features, complications and principles of treatment Sushkakshipaka is similar to Dry Eye Syndrome Looking into the pathogenesis of the Sushkakshipaka, it is a disease in which vitiated doshas are vata and pitta while affected dhatu is ras rakta, ashru and akhshi sneha. Hence our treatment was aimed at vatapitta shamaka and ras rakta dhatu prasadana and snehana and as per the treatment of Dry Eye Syndrome the treatment is designed to drug formulations increases the wettability of corneal surface and stability of pre-corneal tear film prolonging tears ocular surface contact thus increasing the duration of action and penetration of the drug and interval of relief to patient.

Literary Reviews

Sreelakshmi B,Mallika KJ,Vaidya SM,Priyanka BV

Critical Notes on Versatility of Dravyapaada

2018   |   January-March   |   VOLUME - XII   |   ISSUE - 1

KEYWORDS - Ayurveda,Dravyapaada,Medicament
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ABSTRACT

The treatment in Ayurveda comprises of four quadrants namely Bhishak (physician), Dravya (medicament), Upasthatha (attendant) and Rogi (patient). Among these, the Dravya or Medicament is inevitable for the physician as it is the tool for treatment. The ‘Quadrant of Medicament’ or ‘Dravyapaada’ is enriched with four attributes Bahukalpam (multiple dosage forms), Bahugunam (multiple qualities), Sampannam (potency) and Yogyam (suitability). ‘Bahukalpam’ refers to the polymorphous quality of a medicament by which it can be utilized in various pharmacological forms. ‘Bahugunam’ signifies the manifold benefits from a drug by virtue of the qualities present in it. These two attributes are critically appraised considering the formulations mentioned in the treatment of Vatavyadhi–disorders due to Vata. ‘Sampannam’ is the quality of a drug by which it is endowed with all the desired properties in optimum concentration.When the medicament is apt for a clinical condition, it is said to be ‘Yogyam’. The proper analysis of “Dravyapaada” in any disease can pave the way for a better insight into the breakthrough of the pathogenesis while performing the treatment. In this regard, an extensive search was carried out among various authoritative treatises of Ayurveda and information on attributes of Dravya was collected and critically analyzed. This review is an attempt to intrigue into the manifold aspects of ‘Dravyapaada’ overlooking its clinical utility.

Survey Study

Dr. Abhijeet kumbhar,Dr. Shreeram Kumawat,Dr. Nisha Gupta

A survey study of Anurjatajanya (allergic) diseases to establish relationship with Ama with regard to the principle “Rogah sarvepi mandegnou…|”(AH.Ni.12/1)

2018   |   January-March   |   VOLUME - XII   |   ISSUE - 1

KEYWORDS - Anurjata,Ama,Agni,Allergy
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ABSTRACT

Due to ignorance towards dietetic, seasonal and daily regimen, these days people are more prone to various kinds of disorders especially Anurjatajanya (allergic) disorders. Currently, about 20 to 30 per cent of people in India are having one or more allergic diseases and their prevalence is rising dramatically, the WHO said. In Ayurveda it is clearly mentioned that majority of diseases are formed because of hypofunctioning of Agni and Ama. Present topic of dissertation has been selected to verify the role of Ama in the pathogenesis of Anurjata. For the present study one hypothetical samprapti was designed and this samprati of allergy was analysed and verified during present survey study. Result: In present study, it was observed that hypofunctioning of agni and ama are having key role in the pathogenesis of Anurjata janya diseases.

Editoral

Prof. Sanjeev Sharma

Cancer Care through Ayurveda

2018   |   January-March   |   VOLUME - XII   |   ISSUE - 1

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ABSTRACT

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