Background: Sandhigata vata is one of the most common diseases in Ayurveda practice. It is a
type of Vatavyadhi which mainly occurs in Vriddhavastha (old age) due to Dhatukshaya, (that shows its
degenerative nature) and other Vataprakopaka (vitiated) etiological factors. In contemporary medical science
the similar condition of joint is explained as Osteoarthritis, also called degenerative joint disease having
Objectives: This study aimed to find out the Prevalence and Nidana, Samprapti factors of Sandhigata
vata (degenerative joint disease) in the local community.
Materials and Methods: This work was a cross-sectional study. The study subjects were the patients
who attended with complaints of joint pain to the OPD/IPD/Laboratory of NIA Hospital, SSBW Hospital Jaipur
and various camps from 1 July 2014 to 31 January 2015.
Observations & Conclusion: Observations of the study are presented in Tables I to VII according
to various profile. There is a high prevalence of Sandhigata vata in local community especially 40 years
and above, with female dominancy. Commonest affected joints were found knee, Lumbosacral spine, fingers,
cervical spine, hip etc. in decreasing order. We also analyzed the various Aharaja, Viharaja, Manasa and
other Vataprakopaka Nidana, Samprapti factors of Sandhigata vata. Dhatukshaya in Vriddhavastha is the
prime Nidana for Sandhigata vata and also Sthoulya (Obesity) is another important causative factor for
Vataprakopa causing Meda avarana in Madhyamavastha (middle age).
Dr. Ashish Pareek,Dr. J.P. Verma,Dr. Ashok Kumar,Prof. P. Hemant kumar,Dr. Narinder Singh,Dr. Prashant saini
Effect of ModifiedKshar Karma (Sclerotherapy) In The Management of Haemorrhoids – A Comparative Study Of Phenol And Apamarg Kshar
Sclerotherapy is described for treating internal haemorrhoids specially grade I &II. The
Sclerotherapy procedure employs a Sclerosant (kind of chemical) that scars the inflamed tissue, reducing
the haemorrhoid’s blood-flow and its symptoms.
Currently available conservative treatment mode for bleeding piles is not so effective. Patient of
haemorrhoids has hesitation about surgery. So there should be a way between medicinal & surgical measures
like sclerotherapy. With Sclerotherapy treatment, recovery time is shorter and the procedure threatens less
risky side-effects; additionally, because the procedure can be done in O.P.D., it does not require a stay in
The phenol is very irritant in nature, and so painful. Sometimes it lead to sterile abscess in anal region.
While Apamarg kshar is a herbal product and less irritant in nature, it may be a great substitute of phenol
Total 30 patients were selected of hemorrhoids Grade I & Grade II on the basis of simple random
Sampling (SRS) procedure & distributed in 2 equal groups randomly by computer generated random table.
After completion of trial symptoms were compared with baseline at beginning. In group A Apamarg kshar
was used as a sclerosant and in group B standard Albright solution used as a sclerosant.
t In group A out of 15 patients complete relief was seen in the 10 patients, marked relief in 01 patients,
moderate relief in 03 patients, mild relief in 01 patients and no patient was seen with no relief.
t In group B Out of 15 patients complete relief was seen in the 06 patients, marked relief in 03 patients,
moderate relief in 05 patients, mild relief in 01 patients and no patient was seen with no relief.
After assessment, it was noted that role of Apamarg kshar was effective when it was used as a
sclerosant in patients suffering with hemorrhoids grade I & II.
Dr. Priyanka Sharma,Prof. Sushila Sharma
A comparative study of Snuhi Ksharaand Apamarg Kshara in the management of Karnini Yonivyapad w.s.r. to Cervical Erosion
A female’s multifaceted life undergoes series of physiological changes in each and every phase.
Majority of the women are facing problem of Karnini Yoni Vyapada mainly in the reproductive phase of
their life. It is the replacement of the stratified squamous epithelium of the portio-vaginalis by the columnar
epithelium of endocervix. It is a benign condition but if left untreated may lead up to infertility and
predisposes cervical malignancy.
In Ayurvedic texts almost all gynaecological disorders comes under the umbrella of term
‘yonivyapad’ and ‘Karnini Yonivyapad’ is one among of them. On the basis of etiopathogenesis, clinical
features, complications and principles of treatment Karnini Yonivyapad is similar to cervical erosion.
Looking into the pathogenesis of the ‘Karnini Yonivyapad’, it is a disease in which vitiated Dosha are
Vata and Kapha while affected Dhatu is Rakta. Thus Vata-Kapha Shamaka and Raktashodhaka treatment is
implemented and as per the treatment of Cervical Erosion the treatment is designed to destruct the columnar
epithelium and to promote the re-epithelization of the squamous tissues. Kshara has been proved to be
effective in some previous research works.
So in present trial, Two Kshara have been selected to formulate standard line of treatment. Snuhi
Kshara and Dhatakyadi Taila Pichu was applied in group A while Apamarg Kshara and Dhatakyadi Taila
Pichu was applied in group B. The study reveals that the group A showed better results than the group B.
Dr. Niraj Kumar Joshi,Dr. Rakesh Kumar Nagar,Dr. Piyush S. Mehta
Clinical Study on the Efficacy of “Shri Siddha Modak” in the Management of Balshoshw.s.r. to Protein Energy Malnutrition in Children
The present clinical study has been carried out with aims toevaluate the efficacy of Ayurvedic drug
(Shri Siddha Modaka) in the management of Balshosha and to abolish the symptoms of Balshosha and to
promote growth of children and weight gain.
Material & Method: Total 71 patients of Balshosha (PEM) were randomly selected of age group 3
to 8 years, on the basis of inclusion and exclusion criteria from the OPD/IPD of Bal-Roga department, NIA
Jaipur and randomly divided into two groups i.e. 35 in Group A and rest in Group B. Group A received trial
drug Shri Siddha Modak and Group B received placebo for 3 months trial period. Results: Very significant
(P value 0.0032) improvement was found in clinical feature Arochaka and significant improvement was found
statistically as well as clinically in Pratishyaya, Kasa, Mukha Swetata, Netra Swetata and Swasa in Group
A over Group B. Significant improvement was found in anthropometric findings i.e. Weight, Height and Mid
Arm Circumference and very significant improvement inlab investigation i.e. Hemoglobin level and Total
Serum Protein. Conclusion: The trial drug is effective in reducing the symptoms of Balshosha as well as
symptoms of PEM. It promotes the growth and weight gain in children suffering with Balshosha.No adverse
effect of the trial drug was observed during the study period.
Dr. Rashmi Patekar,Prof. M.L Jaiswal
Evaluation ofVacha (Acorus calamus Linn.) & Shalmali kantaka (Bombex ceiba Linn.) in the management of Yuvanapidika
Introduction – Yuvanapidika is a multifactorial disease which has remained difficult to manage
and control by modern drugs. There is a growing interest of the population towards the efficacy of Ayurvedic
drugs on skin diseases. Since skin diseases are located in Bahya Roga Marga, drugs administered through
topical route plays an important and efficacious role in the management of such diseases. Lepa of Shalmali
kantaka and combination of Lodhra, Dhanyaka and Vacha is mentioned in classical texts for Yuvanapidika.
Therefore considering the roga-rogi variations clinical trial was designed to assess the effect of lepa of Vacha
in comparison with Shalmali kantaka lepa. Objectives - To evaluate the efficacy of external application of
Vacha & Shalmali kantaka in the management of Yuvanapidika. Material and Method – (i) Design –
Open, two armed, randomized and comparative clinical trial (ii) Settings – OPD registered volunteers,
Participants – 30 consenting apparent healthy volunteers (16-30 years of age), of either sex Intervention
– 2 groups, Group A - Lepa of Vacha churna with water once daily in the morning over the affected part.
Group B - Lepa of Shalmali kantaka churna with milk once daily in the morning over the affected part.
Intervention Period - 30 Days, Outcome measures –Photography Results – Statistically significant
result was observed in both the groups. Although numerically slightly better result was observed in Group
A but practically almost similar result was observed in both groups. Conclusion – Vacha works better in
the person having Kapha prakriti, oily skin, deep seated & long standing pidika whereas Shalmali kantaka
works better in the condition having Pitta prakriti, normal to dry skin, not so deep seated pidikas and more
in number of pidikas.
Dr. Pratibha Tiwari,Prof. A. K. Sharma
Clinical Evaluation of Ashvagandhadyarishta, Jatamamsi Arka And Sarpagandha Vati In The Management of Essential Hypertension (Uccha Raktachapa)
According to Ayurveda, Uccha Raktachapa is Vata-Pitta Pradhana Tridoshaja Vyadhi. Its
accompaniment is with Rasa Rakta dusti. Rasavaha, Raktavaha and Manovaha Srotasa are also the main
culprits. Life style changes are also the main origin of psychosomatic disorders. Role of mandagni is the
principal source at the back of every disease that told by Acharyas, which causes utaptti of Aama. Aama in
the Rasa Rakta Dhatu increases the viscosity and also pressure to combat this. All diseases are to be
understand thoroughly in terms of Nidana, Purvarupa, Rupa, Upashyas and Samprapti for planning of correct
line of treatment.
In Ayurveda, the drugs having Rakta prasadana, Pitta virechana, Vedanasthapana, Sangyasthapana,
Nidrajanana, Rasayana. Mutravirechniya Hridya properties are used for Essential Hypertension (Uccha
Raktachapa). The trial drugs ‘Ashvagandhadyarishta, Jatamamsi Arka and Sarpagandha Vati’ are used in
practice for Uccha Raktachapa). So the following study was undertaken in 50 patients of Essential
Hypertension (Uccha Raktachapa) to evaluate the efficacy and safety of ‘Ashvagandhadyarishta, Jatamamsi
Arka and Sarpagandha Vati’ in the management of Essential Hypertension (Uccha Raktachapa). Clinical Study
reveals that after 12 weeks duration treatment given to a series of patients of Essential Hypertension showed
significant improvement in Uccha Raktachapa. From the above trial it is clear that ‘Ashvagandhadyarishta,
Jatamamsi Arka and Sarpagandha Vati’ can be used as safe and effective ‘Therapeutic Agent’ in the
management of Essential Hypertension (Uccha Raktachapa).
Dr. Bhusal Nirmal,Dr. Vedpathak S M
Comparative Efficacy of NasyaAnd Cervical Traction In The Management ofManyastambha
Background: Manyastambha is the clinical entity in which the back of the neck becomes stiff or
rigid and the movements of the neck are impaired. It can be co-related with Cervical Spondylosis in modern
prospective. 66% of adults experience neck pain in their lifetime and 5% are highly disabled by it. Nasya
being the treatment of choice in Urdhvajatrugata Vata Vyadhi is adopted in the management of
Manyastambha. Objective: To evaluate the comparative efficacy of Nasya and Cervical Traction in
Manyastambha. Material & Methods: 30 patients (15 in each Group) coming under inclusive criteria were
taken for study. Narayana Taila Nasya 8 drops in each nostrils (0.4ml) for 14 days daily in group A &
Intermittent Cervical Traction with Tractive force -1/10th body weight of patient for 15 minutes for 14 Days
daily in group B were given. Assessment was done on 0, 14, 21 & 30th day. Results: Both the treatments
were significant. In between group comparison the p value is >0.05 indicating no significant difference
between the two groups. Discussion & Conclusion: As Manyastambha is Vatavyadhi, Snehana type of
Navana Nasya is beneficial. Nasya with Narayan Taila is equally effective in the management of
Manyastambha as Intermittent Cervical Traction.
Dr. Richa Sharma,Dr. Anita Sharma,Prof. Ramakant Sharma
A Comparative Antipyretic Efficacy Of Aqueous Extract And Alcoholic Extract Of Sanjeevani Vati In Textual Dose W.S.R To Jwar: An In-Vivo Study
Sanjivani vati is official in Ayurvedic formulary of India and is prescribed for the treatment of cough
and fever. It is a polyherbal preparation containing ten ingredients. In this research paper, the antipyretic
activity of the aqueous and the alcoholic (ethanol) extract of Sanjeevani vati were assessed on wistar albino
rats with the help of the brewer’s yeast-induced pyrexia method and compare the antipyretic efficacy of the
both extracts with each other and with standard i.e. paracetamol too. Acute toxicity of both extracts was
analyzed in albino wistar rat. On the basis of statistical analysis the experimental data demonstrated that the
antipyretic activity of alcoholic extract of Sanjeevani vati possesses significantly remarkable antipyretic
activities compared to the aqueous extract of Sanjeevani vati.
Dr. Ujwala S. Hivale,Dr. Santoshkumar Bhatted
Effect of Triphaladi Virechana karma in the management of Essential Hypertention
Hypertension one of the grave condition accounts 6% of death of worldwide. About 800 million
people in the world are suffering from hypertension. Increased blood pressure was the cause of an estimated
9.4 million deaths and 162 million years of life lost in 2010 and the cause of 50% of heart disease.stroke and
heart failure, 13%of deaths overall. Long term use of antihypertensive drugs is associated with adverse effect.
According to Ayurveda hypertension can be consider as Tridoshaja Vata-Pitta Pradhana vyadhi with Dusthi
of Rasa, Rakta, Meda. Ayurveda radical treatment like Panchakarma, corrects the basic pathology by
eliminating the chief causative factors. Virechana Karma is best for the elimination of vitiated Pitta Dosha
and It regulate movement of Vata Dosha. Thus present study has been conducted on 15 patient to evaluate
Effect of Triphaladi Virechana karma in the management of Essential Hypertention.The study reveals that
Virechana karma is highly effective in reducing both systolic and diastolic blood pressure.
Dr. Sheenam,Dr. Gulab Chand Pamnani
Clinical evaluation on the effect of Bala Taila Nasya and Gyan Mudra in the management of Vatika Shirahshoola w.s.r. to Tension Headache
Now a days, due to changes in lifestyle daily routine of the common man is greatly disturbed which
may lead to various disorders, one of which is Vatika Shirahshoola (Tension Headache). Headache has
troubled mankind from dawn of civilization and Tension headache is one of the common causes of recurrent
headaches. Tension headache is one such psychosomatic disease which can be compared with Vatika
Shirahshoola described in Ayurveda texts.
In the present study 30 patients of Vatika Shirah shoola were clinically evaluated to assess the effect
of Bala Taila Nasya & Gyan Mudra. Study shows highly significant relief in Tivraruja, Nishi-ch-atimatram
disturbed sleepand significant relief in stiffness of neck & shoulder and difficulty in concentrating with the
application of Bala Taila Nasya & Gyan Mudra.
Dr. Vidula Patil,Prof. K. Shankar Rao
Synthesis, Characterization & Histopathological study of zinc based Indian traditional drug Yashada Bhasma
One of the traditional medicines used to treat diabetes, eye disorders and many other diseased
conditions is Yashad Bhasma. Invention of Yashad as metal is a land mark in the field of Rasashastra. The
present study was done to study the physical and chemical characteristics of the Bhasma with the help of
tests mentioned in traditional texts of Rasashastra, also with use of available technology the composition of
the Bhasma and particle size was confirmed. The animal experiment was carried out to study the long term
effects of the Bhasma on the body metabolism in albino rats with histopathology and blood parameters.
The observations and results obtained regarding the study are discussed in the full article.
Dr. Shreekant. A. Patil,Dr. M.S. Doddamani,Dr. Krishna.S,Dr. Jyoti. S. Patil
Pharmaceutico-Analytical Study of Shodhita Malla Prepared By Two Different Methods and Their Comparative Antibacterial Activity
Rasaoushadhies got their own importance and major role in day-to-day practice, because of their
smaller dose and quicker effectiveness etc. Malla is one of the most and instant release molecule which has
got wide indications for the diseases as Jvara, Atisara, Kasa, rajayakshma etc, which are manifested by
Krimi. In recent years numbers of antimicrobial agents have been discovered, but unfortunately even with
the advent of numerous AMA; still most of the physicians are unable to treat these infection appropriately
due to hindrances while treating these infection like development of resistance, adverse effects and patient
affordability etc. Making antibacterial drug therapy effective safe and affordable has been the focus of interest
during recent years. Some of the Ayurvedic formulations may be considered as an ideal replacement for
treating certain bacterial infections.
Dr. Basant Kumar Sharma,Dr. V. Nageswara Rao,Dr. Mohar Pal Meena
Evaluation of Antimicrobial Activity ofVetala Rasa
Now a day’s infectious diseases are posing problem for human beings. In order to avoid different
infections, production and use of antibiotics is on rise. The widespread misuse of antimicrobial agents is
responsible for emerging microbial resistance.
The development of bacterial resistance and adverse effect to presently available antibiotics has
necessitated the search for new antibacterial agents in different systems of medicine. So Vetala Rasa a
traditional medicine has been selected for this study.
The antimicrobial activity of the Vetala Rasa was tested against pathogenic bacterial strain as
Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, Salmonella enterica typhi and pathogenic
fungal strain as Candida albicans, Aspergillus niger.
In order to, In-vitro Study of Vetala Rasa was done by Well diffusion method. During this study
Vetala Rasa was trailed with above said common pathogenic bacteria and fungus. To correlate the result
Control Solution was prepared by Gentamycin Sulphate as antibacterial and Greseofulvin as antifungal.
Experimental groups were compared with Control group and observations were noted.
Dr.Suparna Saha,Dr.Omprakash Panwar,Prof. Parimi Suresh,Dr. B. Pushpa Latha
Pharmaceutical study of Apamarga kshar to enhance the yield by modified method
Since Samhita period detail descriptions of Kshara Kalpana regarding their methods of preparation,
definition, varieties, properties and applications are found. Acharya Sushruta defines the kshara as the
substance possessing Ksharana and Kshanan properties. There is difference of opinion in the amount of water
used, number of filtrations carried out etc regarding kshara preparation. Same is the case with the preparation
of Apamarga Kshara also. Generally apamarga kshara is prepared by decantation process in a single wash.
But in the present study it was prepared by the capillary action and washing was done for 3 times to increase
the yield and to reduce the loss during straining. Yield of Apamarga kshara was found to be 49% which
was far more when compared to traditional methods.
Embryological development has always been topic of interest for researcher of medical science since
ancient time. The seers of Ayurveda have devoted a great time in the description of total development to
attain begat Supraja. That is the child not only healthy but also good enough to society. The Brihatrayee
have described Masanumasik Garbha Vridhi (monthly development of foetus) in Sharir Sthan of respected
treatise. The knowledge of foetal development gives a chance to know its normal growth or any abnormality
which can be examined by various modern techniques like USG. This study will be concert with classical as
well as modern science by monthly development, to develop a complete view of embryological development.
Dr. Rachna Agrawal,Dr. Sarvesh Kumar Agrawal,Prof. Kamalesh Kumar Sharma
A Conceptual Study On Geriatric Health Care In Ayurveda
2018 | January-March | VOLUME - XII | ISSUE - 1
KEYWORDS - Geriatric health care,Jara,Ageing,Rasayana
Ayurveda covers all the spheres of human health including Jara which is a specialty aiming to
rejuvenate and geriatric care. The world population of the elderly is increasing speedily and by the year
2050, adults older than 65 years will comprise 1/5th of global population. According to an estimate the likely
number of elderly people in India by 2016 will be around 113 million.
Aged body is physiologically different from adult body. Previous health issues and life style choices
produce different constellation of disease and symptoms in different people. Aged persons are weak both
physically and mentally. Therefore it is needed to alter their life-style so they require minimal use of drugs.
The Rasayana, dietary pattern and life-style changes are there to solve and prevent all these problems. These
may enhance the longevity, develops the positive health, mental faculties and resistance and immunity against
the diseases. Present study was planned with an Aim & Objectives to plan an integrated module of lifestyle
for elderly persons, which should be acceptable to the common people in direction to improve their quality
of life. Materials & Methods of the study are Ayurvedic texts like Brihattrayi, Laghuttrayi, Samgraha
Grantha, modern literatures, journals research papers and other ancient literature. Discussion: A positive
change in lifestyle which includes less stress, proper rest/sleep, exercising, balanced diet and preventing
and curing health problems in early stages and a good Rasayana therapy help us to fight Ageing.
Dr. Nikita Baghel,Prof. Shamsa Fiaz,Dr. Prabhakar Vardhan
A Review Article On Sushkakshipaka ( Dry Eye Syndrome)
Dry eye syndrome is a common yet frequently under-recognized clinical condition whose aetiology
and management challenge clinicians and researchers alike. It is a multifactorial disease of the tears and
ocular surface that results in symptoms of discomfort, visual disturbance, and tears film instability with
potential damage to the ocular surface. It is accompanied by increased osmolarity of the tear film and
inflammation of the ocular surface. In Ayurveda this condition can be correlated to Sushkakshipaka., On
the basis of etiopathogenesis, clinical features, complications and principles of treatment Sushkakshipaka is
similar to Dry Eye Syndrome
Looking into the pathogenesis of the Sushkakshipaka, it is a disease in which vitiated doshas are vata
and pitta while affected dhatu is ras rakta, ashru and akhshi sneha. Hence our treatment was aimed at vatapitta shamaka and ras rakta dhatu prasadana and snehana and as per the treatment of Dry Eye Syndrome
the treatment is designed to drug formulations increases the wettability of corneal surface and stability of
pre-corneal tear film prolonging tears ocular surface contact thus increasing the duration of action and
penetration of the drug and interval of relief to patient.
The treatment in Ayurveda comprises of four quadrants namely Bhishak (physician), Dravya
(medicament), Upasthatha (attendant) and Rogi (patient). Among these, the Dravya or Medicament is
inevitable for the physician as it is the tool for treatment. The ‘Quadrant of Medicament’ or ‘Dravyapaada’
is enriched with four attributes Bahukalpam (multiple dosage forms), Bahugunam (multiple qualities),
Sampannam (potency) and Yogyam (suitability). ‘Bahukalpam’ refers to the polymorphous quality of a
medicament by which it can be utilized in various pharmacological forms. ‘Bahugunam’ signifies the manifold
benefits from a drug by virtue of the qualities present in it. These two attributes are critically appraised
considering the formulations mentioned in the treatment of Vatavyadhi–disorders due to Vata. ‘Sampannam’
is the quality of a drug by which it is endowed with all the desired properties in optimum concentration.When
the medicament is apt for a clinical condition, it is said to be ‘Yogyam’.
The proper analysis of “Dravyapaada” in any disease can pave the way for a better insight into the
breakthrough of the pathogenesis while performing the treatment. In this regard, an extensive search was
carried out among various authoritative treatises of Ayurveda and information on attributes of Dravya was
collected and critically analyzed. This review is an attempt to intrigue into the manifold aspects of
‘Dravyapaada’ overlooking its clinical utility.
Dr. Abhijeet kumbhar,Dr. Shreeram Kumawat,Dr. Nisha Gupta
A survey study of Anurjatajanya (allergic) diseases to establish relationship with Ama with regard to the principle “Rogah sarvepi mandegnou…|”(AH.Ni.12/1)
Due to ignorance towards dietetic, seasonal and daily regimen, these days people are more prone to
various kinds of disorders especially Anurjatajanya (allergic) disorders. Currently, about 20 to 30 per cent
of people in India are having one or more allergic diseases and their prevalence is rising dramatically, the
WHO said. In Ayurveda it is clearly mentioned that majority of diseases are formed because of
hypofunctioning of Agni and Ama. Present topic of dissertation has been selected to verify the role of Ama
in the pathogenesis of Anurjata. For the present study one hypothetical samprapti was designed and this
samprati of allergy was analysed and verified during present survey study.
Result: In present study, it was observed that hypofunctioning of agni and ama are having key role
in the pathogenesis of Anurjata janya diseases.