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Journal of Ayurveda

A Peer Reviewed Research Publication of
National Institute of Ayurveda, Jaipur

TABLE OF CONTENT

2014   |   April-June   |   VOLUME - VIII   |   ISSUE - 2

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Clinical Studies

*Dr. Vidya Bhushan Pandey, ***Prof.Abhimanyu Kumar

Study On Improvement Status Of Gross Motor Functions In The Children suffering from Cerebral Palsy Using Syrup Varadadi Yog & Panchkarma Procedures

2014   |   April-June   |   VOLUME - VIII   |   ISSUE - 2

KEYWORDS - Cerebral Plasy, Gross motor Functions, Ayurveda, Panchkarma, Shirodhara.
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ABSTRACT

Cerebral Palsy is a non progressive disease having a lesion in the brain due to an obscure aetiology prenataly, nataly or postnataly however prenatal causes are dominant worldwide .In this disease there is a gross delay in the development of motor functions along with some associated symptoms according to the location and severity of the brain lesion. There is no control on the incidence of the Cerebral palsy (CP) since last three decades in spite of the best Anti natal care and medical facilities however the survival of the premature and low birth babies is a big risk of developing cerebral palsy in future .The management possible present is physiotherapy , management other than this are temporary and symptomatic .The pharmacological medications are centrally acting muscle relaxants which cause potential side effects on their regular use .Surgical Managements are restricted only to a particular age groups having mature neuromuscular system & musculoskeletal skeletal system ,although multiple surgeries are required for the desired result which makes economical and psychological burdens over the sufferers family .Ayurveda as an Indian system of medicine has a pronounced role in the management of the neuromuscular and musculoskelektal problems .Ayurvedic drugs and panchkarma procedures have their strength in dealing with CP like condition. In the study Ayurvedic treatment regimen along with the physiotherapy have shown much better improvement over the conventional Physiotherapy alone.

Clinical Studies

*Dr. MD. Nazmul Huda, **Dr. Naresh K. Kumawat, ***Dr. Alok Tyagi, ****Dr. Daya Shankar Mishra

Ayurvedic Therapy For The Management Of Major Depressive Disorder

2014   |   April-June   |   VOLUME - VIII   |   ISSUE - 2

KEYWORDS - Major Depressive Disorder, Herbal capsule, Ashwagandha oil and Shirodhara therapy.
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ABSTRACT

This study was undertaken to assess the antidepressant effect and safety of an Herbal preparation and Shirodhara (oil dripping) therapy for the treatment of major depressive disorder. Total forty five patients with mild and moderate type of major depressive disorder were included in a non blind randomized controlled, open label, using pretest – posttest design. Patients were divided into two groups named as group 1(active control group), was given fluoxetine 20 mg daily two time for consecutive days and group 2 (experimental group). Experimental group was again subdivided into subgroups 2a and 2b and was given 6 herbal capsules (each capsule contained 500 mg powder of nordostachys Jatamansi and Lavandula stoechas) into three divided dosages for 42 consecutive days in both subgroups. Additionally the Shirodhara therapy with plain Ashwagandha oil was applied in subgroups 2b for first 14 consecutive days. For the measurement of efficacy, subjective parameters clinical symptoms was measured and objective parameters included Hamilton Depression rating scale 17 items(HDRS17), the clinical Global Impression Severity(CGI-S), and Improvement scales(CGI-I) was administered at baseline within 14, 28 and 42 day. For safety evaluation, adverse effects such as dry mouth, headache, nausea, somnolence, sweating, restlessness, constipation, dizziness, sexual dysfunction, anorexia and vital signs included blood pressure, pulse rate; body weight was monitored at each visit day of patient. The laboratory examinations such as hematological, Biochemical and Electrocardiogram were investigated at baseline and the day of 42. End of treatment, the clinical symptom and the HDRS, CGI-S or CGI-I score was found significant improvement in experimental subgroups when compared to baseline. In intergroup comparison the highest improvement; near to normal was found that in subgroup 2b when compared to standard control group 1. So this study was showed that selected herbal preparation and Shirodhara therapy has the antidepressant effects on mild and moderate condition of major depressive disorder.

Clinical Studies

*Dr. Ajay Kumar Nagar, **Dr. Chandra Bhanu Sharma

Clinical Evaluation of the Efficacy ofLaghu Varunadi Kwath in the Management of Mutrashmari(Urolithiasis)

2014   |   April-June   |   VOLUME - VIII   |   ISSUE - 2

KEYWORDS -
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ABSTRACT

This study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of Laghu Varunadi Kwath in the Management of Mutrashmari (Urolithiasis). It was randomized controlled study on 30 numbers of patients and was divided into two groups named group A and group B. In group A tablet Cystone 2 BD per orally with normal water and in group B Laghu Varunadi Kwath, 80 ml BD per orally was administered for 45 days. After completion the treatment it was assessed by the use of subjective criteria like as Pain (Vedana), Pain increase with jerks (Ayasat Atiruk), Burning Micturition (Mutradaha), Dysuria (Mutrakrichhra), Increased Frequency of Micturition (Muhu Mehate), Bifurcated Stream of Urine (Visheernadhara), Interrupted Stream of Urine (Mutradhara Sanga) and turbid Urination (Avilmutrata) and objective criteria was used Hematological (Hb%), biochemical (Blood Urea, S.Creatinine, S.Uric acid, S.Calcium, S.Albumin, S.Alkaline Phosphatase, SGOT, SGPT, Bilirubin), RBC, Crystals, pus cells in routine and microscopic examination of urine. For the detection of size, site and numbers of calculus by ultrasonography of K.U.B. region. After treatment showed that the symptoms like Vedana (60.52%), Ayasat Atiruk (45.45%), Mutradaha (68.42%), Mutrakricchra (70.58%), Sarudhira Mutrata (66.66%), Muhu Mehate (58.33%), Mutradhara Sanga (33.33%), Avilmutrata (87.5%) and Sasiktam (85.714%) changes in group A. In group B it was showed the changes the symptoms Vedana (87.80%), Ayasat Atiruk (71.42%), Mutradaha (93.75%), Mutrakricchra (100%), Sarudhira Mutrata (100%), Muhu Mehate (93.75%), Mutradhara Sanga (83.33%), Avilmutrata (100%) and Sasiktam (100%) after treatment. In ultrasonogram examination it was found that the size of stone 59.09% change in group A and 88.23% changes in group B and both showed highly significant decrease. Finally it was observed that group B was more effective than group A in overall assessment.

Clinical Studies

*Dr. Neeta Kumari, **Dr. Diksha Khathuria, ***Prof. C.M.Jain, ****Dr.B.Pushpalatha

Clinical Study To Evaluate Efficacy OfAshokarista, Ashwangandha Churna And Praval Pisti In Management Of Menopausal Syndrome

2014   |   April-June   |   VOLUME - VIII   |   ISSUE - 2

KEYWORDS - Ashokarishta, Ashvagandha churna, Pravalapishti, Menopausal syndrome
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ABSTRACT

According to Ayurveda, Menopausal Syndrome is a Swabhavikvyadhi. Ayurveda links menopause with ageing. Ageing is a ‘vata’ predominant stage of life.thus, the symptoms of menopause experienced by some women are similar to the symptoms seen when the vatadosha rises and upsets the normal balance of the body. Vatatype menopausal symptoms tend to include depression, anxiety, and insomnia. Menopause may also manifest itself as a rise in the other two humors also. Women with pitta-type symptoms are often angry and suffer hot flashes. Kapha type symptoms include listlessness, weight gain, and feelings of mental and physical heaviness. Rajonivritti is not described in the classics as a separate disease there is no information available regarding its Nidana, Purvarupa, Rupa, Samprapti etc. the provable causative factors for rajonivritti are KALA, SWABHAVA, VAYU, KARMA/ENVIRONMENT, DHATUKSHAYA AND ABHIGHATA etc… In Ayurveda Ashokarishta Aashwangadhachurna and pravalapishti used in the streerogadhikar, Ashwagandhachurna used as a rasayan therapy, In Ayurveda because of menopausal syndrome is a swabhawikvyadhi and ageing disorder., and pravalapishti is a rich source of calcium so this therapy is taken for Menopausal syndrome. So the following study was undertaken in 48 patients of MENOPAUSAL SYNDROME to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Ashokarishta, Ashvagandhachurna and Pravalapishti in the management of Menopausal syndrome. Results showed that Ashokarishta, Ashwagandhachurna and Pravalapishti needs sufficient time to produce the clinical effect in less duration it can’t produce significant improvement in symptoms and biophysical parameters. 12 weeks duration treatment given to a series of patients of MENOPAUSAL SYNDROME showed significant improvement in chief complaints , many Ayurvedic symptoms and Biophysical parameters from the above trial it is clear that Ashokarishta, AshwagandhaChurna , and PravalPishti can be used as a safe and effective ‘Therapeutic Agents’ in the management of MENOPAUSAL SYNDROME.

Clinical Studies

*Dr. Divya Prakash Swarnkar, **Dr.Gulab Chand Pamnani

Clinical Evaluation On The Effect Of Gandharyadi Nasya And Dhatryadi Kwath In The Management Of Ardhavabhedak W.S.R. To Migraine

2014   |   April-June   |   VOLUME - VIII   |   ISSUE - 2

KEYWORDS - Ardhavabhedaka, Migraine, Shirahshoola, GandharyadiNasya&DhatryadiKwath.
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ABSTRACT

Ayurveda has given prime importance to Shirah, considering it as one of the three principal vital organs of the body where the Prana i.e. life resides. Charaka explains that all the sense organs and the channels carrying the sensory and vital impulses from the Shirah are like the rays from the Sun. Now a days, due to changes in lifestyle daily routine of the common man is greatly disturbed which may lead to various disorders, one of which is Ardhavabhedaka-Migraine. Headache has troubled mankind from dawn of civilization and migraine is one of the common causes of recurrent headaches. Ardhavabhedaka can be scientifically correlated with Migraine due to its cardinal feature “half sided headache” and paroxysmal nature. If the condition gets aggravated it ultimately leads to impairment of eye and ear function as explained by Charaka and Vagbhatta. The present study shows highly significant reduction in the frequency & duration of Shirahshoola and other symptoms such as Nausea, Vomiting, Photophobia and Eye ache with application of GandharyadiNasya&DhatryadiKwath orally.

Clinical Studies

*Dr. Rajaram Agarwal, **Dr. Manisha Goyal, ***Prof. Govind Sahay Shukl

A Clinical Study Of Vatgajendrsingh Ras W.S.R. To Amavata

2014   |   April-June   |   VOLUME - VIII   |   ISSUE - 2

KEYWORDS - Autoimmune, vatgajendrasingh ras, rheumatoid factor, sleshak kapha, Sandhishool
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ABSTRACT

In present time, due to modern life style, hectic schedule, stress, and many such reasons, incidence of diseases are increasing, one of them is Amavata. It is considered as an autoimmune disease giving rise to deformities of joints in extreme conditions. The concept of autoimmunity is well-explained under the concept of Ama. Vatagajendrasingh rasa is vatashamak, purgative and strength enhancer, appetizer rasa yoga. due to presence of least amount of aconite and other cardiac nutrients its efficacy on heart diseases is also found .in short we can say all stages of Amavata results of this remedy very encouraging. The results indicated that classical Ayurvedic treatment with vatagajendrasingh rasa was effective in patients who completed treatment.

Clinical Studies

*Dr. Shyam Swaroop meena,**Dr. Pankaj Kundal,***Dr.Shamsa Fiaz

A Clinical study on the effect of Laghu Triphala Ghritam and Guduchyadya Anjanam in the management of Timir w.s.r. to Myopia

2014   |   April-June   |   VOLUME - VIII   |   ISSUE - 2

KEYWORDS - Timir, Myopia, Laghu Triphala Ghrita, Guduchayadya Anjana Dristigata, Avyakta darshan
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ABSTRACT

Eye is the most important of five sense organs in human body. A pair of sparkling eyes is the most beautiful and attractive features in a person. But now-a-days, due to change in life style incurable and chronic eye diseases are going to be increased. Timir is found as one of the commonest form of eye disease presentations. Prathama Patalagata Timira is one of the stages of Timira which is a Drishtigata roga and can be correlated to Simple Myopia with the characteristic symptom of blurred vision for distant object. It is the common cause of ocular morbidity that may ultimately lead to blindness as explained by Vagbhatacharya. The present study shows highly significant reduction in the incidence & frequency of the symptoms i.e. Avyakta darshan, Headache, Eye strain and Watering of eye with application of Laghu Triphala Ghritam, orally and Guduchyadya Anjana as local application.

Clinical Studies

*Prof. P. Hemantha Kumar, **Prof. H.K. Kushwaha

Evaluate The Efficacy OfMadhu Kshara Sutra, Vishyandana Taila And Pancha Tikta Ghrita Guggulu In The Management Of Bhagandara (Fistula-In-Ano)

2014   |   April-June   |   VOLUME - VIII   |   ISSUE - 2

KEYWORDS - Ayurveda, Madhu, Bhagandara, Fistula-in-ano
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ABSTRACT

The Bhagandara is one among the eight troublesome disease described in Ayurveda. Bhagandara is a disease that exists since the early days of evolution of the mankind. The Fistula-in-ano is an abnormal communication between the anal canal and the perianal skin. It usually results from an anorectal abscess, which burst spontaneously or opens inadequately. It is a disease for which operative procedures have been advocated and practiced by the surgeons from various times. The Kshara Sutra application in ‘Fistula-in-ano’ especially in complicated, recurrent and high anal types is better than surgery. It offers effective, ambulatory and safe alternative procedure. More than 98% had complete cure without any complication and is an ideal method, probably the best of all known techniques so far. For complete and fruitful management of Bhagandara needs both local measures and internal medications. So far there is no research carried out in any part of the country on both local as well as systemic treatment of Bhagandara. Thus in the present study along with the application of Madhu Kshara Sutra and Vishyandana Taila locally, the internal administration of Panchatikta Ghrita Guggulu has also been taken in the management of Bhagandara. Results observed on conclusion of the trial are fairly encouraging and useful.

Pharmaceutical Study

*Dr. Kamal Kr. Barman, **Dr. Jayanta Kr. Sharma, ***Dr. Parimi Suresh

Pharmaceutical and Analytical studies ofEranda Paka

2014   |   April-June   |   VOLUME - VIII   |   ISSUE - 2

KEYWORDS - Ayurveda, Eranda paka, SOP, Analysis.
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ABSTRACT

From last few decades people seeking remedies and health approaches with the help of herbal medicine. Newer guidelines for manufacturing, standardisation and quality control and scientific research are necessary for Ayurvedic medicine. The aim of the present study is to fix the SOP of Eranda paka. Eranda paka is a well known polyherbal Ayurvedic formulation where Eranda (Ricinus communis Linn.) is the main ingredient and used mainly for the treatment of vatavyadhis. It is observed that the loss in de-shelling of Eranda seed is 30%. The contribution of milk is calculated as 10-12%. TLC showed three spots of all the three samples with same Rf values indicates that same types of compound are present in all samples. The Eranda paka should be prepared in granule form because it can be preserved for a long period of time.

Pharmaceutical Study

* Prof. K. Shankar Rao, **Dr. Sakhita K.S., ***Dr. Dolly Suman

Laboratory Animals In The Study Of Evidence Based Ayurveda (Common laboratory Animals)

2014   |   April-June   |   VOLUME - VIII   |   ISSUE - 2

KEYWORDS - Hamster, Rasoushadhi, Safety and Efficacy.
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ABSTRACT

The study of animals has relevance to humans dietary / medical requirements in a broad sense, but there are aspects of nutrition in humans and animals that are peculiar to each category. Many of the mineral deficiencies found in humans can be mimicked in Rats, Mice, Hamsters and Guinea pigs etc.. laboratory animals. These animals can also be used for the study of evidence based Ayurveda Viz. Study of disease, safety and efficacy of Ayurvedic herbal medicaments and also useful to study of toxicity of organo-metallic & organo-mineral Rasoushadhies.

Pharmaceutical Study

*Dr. Pawan kumar soni,** Dr.Vinod kumar Gothecha,***Dr.Anita sharma

A Comparative Phytochemical Study Of Bhanga (Cannabis Sativa) Before And After Purification

2014   |   April-June   |   VOLUME - VIII   |   ISSUE - 2

KEYWORDS - Bhanga , Shodhana, Phytochemical analysis.
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ABSTRACT

Ayurveda ‘the Science of life’ is a system of traditional medicine, native to Indian subcontinent and practiced in other parts of the world as alternate system of medicine. Ayurveda is currently followed by millions of people in India, while most of the drugs referred in Ayurveda are found to be safe; there are few which contains toxic constituents in them necessitating detoxification process of ‘Shodhana’ prior to their use as a drug. The process of ‘Shodhana’ leads to detoxification of the drug without interfering in its therapeutic properties (Gunas). The study included comparative Phytochemical analysis before and after purification in different media to find out a scientific basis of these ‘Shodhana’ processes.

Conceptual Studies

*Dr. Meenakshi Sharma,**Dr. Gyan Prakash Sharma,***Dr.C.R.Yadav, ****Prof. Dr. Mahendra Singh Meena

Applied Aspect Of Abhyang (Ext. Oliation Therapy) In Geriatrics

2014   |   April-June   |   VOLUME - VIII   |   ISSUE - 2

KEYWORDS - Oleation therapy, free radical, superoxide, Muscular Massage, Anti oxidant, pre-ageing
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ABSTRACT

Abhyang is one type of external oleation therapy. Its meaning is to produce rubbing motions. It helps in delaying pre ageing symptoms like – wrinkles, whitish hair, hair loss, weak eye sight. Oxidants are the free radicals which are formed during normal metabolic reaction. Oxygen becomes superoxide by loss of one electron and causes damage to cellular and cell membrane protein and enzyme. Muscular Massage drains metabolic by product like lactic acid, CO CO2, Superoxide, Hydrogen ions by increasing circulation. Oxidants are eliminated by improved venous return. Abhyanga should be conducted in the following seven positions. Sneh dravya reaches in 900 matra at majja dhatu . Abhyang works as Anti oxidant and delay preageing symptoms.

Conceptual Studies

*Sudhaldev Mohapatra, **Sanjay Kumar, ***Ramesh Gupta, ****K.R.C. Reddy, *****C.B.Jha

A Critical Learning of Rasa Prakash Suddhakara and It’s Realistic come up

2014   |   April-June   |   VOLUME - VIII   |   ISSUE - 2

KEYWORDS - Shodhana, Marana, Dhatu, Parada.
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ABSTRACT

Rasa Shastra, one of the emerging branches of Ayurveda, was initially evolved for the purpose of alchemy. In the later phase it turned its way for therapeutic intention and continuously provides health and prosperity to the society. Since its inception Rasa Shastra is enriched with many treaties, books and manuscripts written and moderated from time to time by many distinguished scholars according to the need of that particular period. Among ample of literatures, Rasa Prakash Suddhakar (RPS) is one of the important text in this field during medieval period. This book reflects the transitional phase of Rasa Shastra from dhatuvada to dehavada i.e. from alchemy to therapeutic. In this literature the philosophical ideas of the subject are tried to integrate with the practical aspects of the drug manufacturing for creating realistic campaign regarding the Ayurvedic drug manufacturing in society. The text influences both the academicians as well as physicians in large extent. Keeping the comfortable coordinating nature, between philosophy and practical ability of Rasa Shastra of this text, in mind, we are trying to review and analyze it critically for the benefit of researchers and practitioners and hope the idea will be fertile.

Conceptual Studies

*Dr. Subhash Chandra, **Dr. Chanchala Chouhan, ***Dr. Om Prakash Dadhich

Critical study ofBhaisajya Kala (Time of drug administration) in Ayurveda

2014   |   April-June   |   VOLUME - VIII   |   ISSUE - 2

KEYWORDS - Bhaisajya Kala, Bhesaja, food /drug interaction, Kala
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ABSTRACT

According to Ayurveda there are two types of Kala- Nityaga and Avasthika. Bhaisajya Kala is the type of Avasthika Kala, meant for the proper time of drug-administration.This is an important principle to be considered while treating a disease. Bhaisajya Kala is mainly explained in relation with Bala of Roga, Rogi, particular Dosha, Dooshya, and various other factors. The proper knowledge of Agni, food and drug interaction is helpful to attain a quick and sustainable relief to the patient. In Chikitsa, Approach of Bhaisajya Kala tends to reduce the side effects and increases the bio-availability of the drug.To highlight its imperial role in Chikitsa, there is an immense need to analyze this concept. The relation of Bhesaja and Kala is explored in various shades by the ancient Acharya. The number of Bhaisajya Kala varies according to different Acharya. This article is a collective effort to concord the opinions of different Acharya.

Conceptual Studies

*Dr. Gagan Singh, **Dr. A. K. Panja, ***Dr. A. Chattopadhyaya, **** Prof. O P Upadhyaya

A Comprehensive Review Of Pathological Consequences In CarakopaskaraCommentary

2014   |   April-June   |   VOLUME - VIII   |   ISSUE - 2

KEYWORDS - Caraka Samhita, Carakopaskara commentary, pathology.
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ABSTRACT

Pathology is the prime specialty of medical science and is considered as the gateway of medicine. Fulfillment the ultimate goal of life in terms of health can never be possible without proper acquaintance of pathological consequences of diseases. The current review is the categorical analysis of the terms, events, paths etc. related to pathology depicted in “Carakopaskara commentary” of Pandit Jogindranath Sen in the purview of underlined theme of Caraka Samhita.

Conceptual Studies

*Dr. Neha Udainiya, **Dr. Sunil Kumar Yadav

Ayurvedic Principles Of Dietetics In Pregnancy

2014   |   April-June   |   VOLUME - VIII   |   ISSUE - 2

KEYWORDS - Garbhini Paricharya, Galactogogues, Pachakagni.
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ABSTRACT

Ayurveda, “the science of life” considers food to be the best source of nourishment as well as medication for pregnant woman. The regime of nine month Garbhini Paricharya is singularly unique to Ayurveda. It changes in accordance with the growth of the foetus in the womb and at the same time ensures the health of the pregnant woman. One can find remnants of this dietics with midwives and older women but a detailed & comprehensive diet plan is being practiced only by the vaidyas of the classical medical tradition. In this paper we are giving a broad expanse of the month wise diet in accordance with their counterparts in contemporary science which can also be modified according to the age, season, place, constitution of body (prakriti) and the digestive power (pachakagni) of the pregnant woman. A short brief of most commonly used galactogogues is also given that could be used in the post natal period.

Case Studies

*Dr. Mehra Rakhi, **Dr. Sehrawat Rachana

Role of Ayurvediya management in Facial Nerve Palsy - A case Study

2014   |   April-June   |   VOLUME - VIII   |   ISSUE - 2

KEYWORDS -
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ABSTRACT

Facial nerve palsy either in centric or periphery needs proper attention as debility due to such disease is required to recover at its own onset. Where hypertension is the reason in maximum such cases, hypotension can not be excluded. In Ayurveda this is resembling with Nanatmaja Vat VyadhiArdit. This is caused by Vata in association its effects on sensory and motor function of facial nerve due to DhatuKshayaor diminution of tissue -element. Objective:to find out a faster, affordable ayurvedic remedy to enhance faster recovery for facial nerve palsy. Method : Similarly history of ear scratching with a pencil, presently ear ache and raised ESR with proper middle year examination reveal the exact cause otitis media for this case. This case of facial nerve palsy was having hypotension and had been not only managed but also cured with the help of ayurvediya management included oral administration with Yoga Basti and Marsha Nasya within 15 days. Result: Within 18 days ( D/A 4.2.2014 to D/D 22.2.2014) patients got 90% relief at the time of discharge however, completely cured even within three days of follow up (three months}. Conclusion: The peripheral facial paralysis (PFP), resulting from affection of the seventh nerve is the most common pathology of the cranial pairs( 20 to 30 cases per 100.000 people). The appointed cause is inflammatory affections of the middle ear and easily and faster treated with Ayurvedic Vathar management.

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