ISSN:2582-7693

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Journal of Ayurveda

A Peer Reviewed Research Publication of
National Institute of Ayurveda, Jaipur

TABLE OF CONTENT

2015   |   January-March   |   VOLUME - IX   |   ISSUE - 1

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Clinical Studies

*Dr.Amitabha Mapdar, **Dr.Kashinath Samagandi, ***Dr.Kamalesh Kumar Sharma

Study on the role of Triphala Madhu Sarpiin Computer vision Syndrome - A lifestyle disease.

2015   |   January-March   |   VOLUME - IX   |   ISSUE - 1

KEYWORDS - Computer vision syndrome, Ghrita, Modus Vivendi, Triphala Madhu Sarpi
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ABSTRACT

It is a single group clinical study conducted on patients of a newly burning issue related to modus vivendi “Computer vision syndrome”. Being a disease of modern era, we won’t get the direct reference and nearest resembling disease in Ayurveda excellence. But speculations are made on the basis of Dosha Dushya Sammurchana and Lakshana. Present study was planned with an aim and objectives, to compile and commemorate the references of computer vision syndrome and its related diseases in Ayurveda excellence, postulate the Samprapti Ghataka (Patho -physiology) of computer vision syndrome according to Ayuveda, hypothetically and rule out the effect of Triphala Madhu Sarpi in reliving the sign and symptoms of computer vision syndrome. Materials and methods of the study were planned on 50 samples who were the victim of CVS. It is a single group study administered with Triphala Madhu Sarpi in a dose of 3gm of Triphala powder along 5ml of Madhu & 5ml of Ghrita (Made from Dadhi of pure cow's milk) at night before meal. Effect of intervention is assessed once in 15 days interval. Result & Discussion of the study revealed that Triphala Madhu Sarpi has good result in relieving the subjective criteria’s viz., eye strain, fatigue eye, burning eye, itching eye, headache, neck, shoulder and back pain and difficulty in focusing and objective criteria’s like dry eye (by schirmer test), double vision and red eye after 2 month,

Clinical Studies

*Dr.Ramez Uddin, **Dr. Rakesh Kr.Nagar, ***Prof.Abhimanyu Kumar

A clinical study to evaluate the efficacy of Shoshjit Yog in Malnutrition cases for improvement in the total serum protein level

2015   |   January-March   |   VOLUME - IX   |   ISSUE - 1

KEYWORDS -
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ABSTRACT

A double blind placebo control study was carried out to evaluate the efficacy of “Shoshjit Yog”, a classical formulation mentioned in Astanga Hridaya1 for the management of Balshosh. The clinical study was done in 60 patients of malnutrition randomly selected from OPD & IPD of N.I.A. Jaipur. The drug was administered in the form of granules at a dose of 200mg/kg/day in 2 divided doses with standard diet. The placebo was also administered in same dose with standard diet for 2 months. After 2 months of treatment drug group showed significant improvement in Haemoglobin level, highly significant improvement in total serum protein and no improvement in A:G ratio while placebo group showed moderately improvement in Hb% and total serum protein and no improvement in A:G ratio, inter group comparison shows highly significant difference in the improvement of total serum protein level. Thus Shoshjit Yog is a very good alternative for the improvement of total serum protein level in malnutrition cases along with standard diet therapy.

Clinical Studies

*Dr. Udai Raj Saroj, **Dr. Purnima Rao, ***Prof. R. K. Joshi

Clinical Evaluation of the Efficacy ofShankhapushpi Panak and Shirodhara with Mansyadi Kwatha in the Management of Chittodvega W.S.R. to Generalized Anxiety Disorder

2015   |   January-March   |   VOLUME - IX   |   ISSUE - 1

KEYWORDS - Chittodvega, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Shirodhara
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ABSTRACT

Chittodvega is a psychological disease which resembles Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD). It is characterized by excessive, uncontrollable and often irrational worry about everyday things that is disproportionate to the actual source of worry. Present study was conducted on 60 clinically diagnosed cases of Chittodvega by dividing them randomly into two equal groups. Patients of Group I were administered Shankhapushpi Panak in the dose of 15 ml twice a day for one month and Shirodhara with Mansyadi Kwatha daily for 21 days. In Group II, patients were administered Tab. Sertraline 50mg once a day at bed time for 30 days. Effect of both therapies were assessed and compared on the basis of improvement in sign and symptoms of Chittodvega and GAD by using DSM-IV criteria, Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale. Statistically highly significant improvements were observed in both Groups. Ayurvedic treatment had produced similar and comparable effect on various scientific parameters as compared with Tab. Sertraline.

Clinical Studies

*Dr. Tripathi S. K., **Dr. Alok Kumar, **Dr. Jain V.K., ****Dr.M.K.Shringi

“Clinical Evaluation Of Palasha KsharaAnd Pashanbheda Kwatha Churna In The Management Of Urolithiasis”

2015   |   January-March   |   VOLUME - IX   |   ISSUE - 1

KEYWORDS - Urolithiasis, Mutrashmari, Palashakshara, Pashanbheda Kwath
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ABSTRACT

The urinary stones have peculiar tendency of recurrence, despite of their surgical removal, which prove that surgery only be a part of treatment, but not the complete treatment. To avoid the incidence of recurrence after surgical removal of stone and in search of an effective conservative treatment the present work has been performed. The present study was conducted in 43 clinically diagnosed patients of Urolithiasis were treated with Palashakshara and Pashanbheda Kwath for 84 days. Statistically significant improvement was observed in Urolithiasis (Mutrashmari).

Clinical Studies

*Dr. Kshipra Rajoria, **Dr. Sarvesh Kumar Singh, ***Prof. Radheyshyam Sharma

Clinical evaluation ofKsira Basti and KsiraPaka of Balya drugs on Karshya

2015   |   January-March   |   VOLUME - IX   |   ISSUE - 1

KEYWORDS - Balya Mahakashaya Ksira Paka, Balya Mahakashaya Ksira Basti, Emaciation Karshya, Underweight
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ABSTRACT

Context: Individuals who are lean and underweight are considered in Ayurveda as suffering from Karshya that may leads to diminished immunity level. Aims: Due to more prevalence and unavailability of the satisfactory management for Karshya in modern medicine this clinical trial has been done. Primary objective was to treat the patients who were suffering from Karshya on the basis of classical principles of Ayurveda with Balyamahakashaya Ksira Basti and Balyamahakashaya Ksira Paka. Settings and Design: Open labelled randomized trial. Methods and Material: 30 patients of Karshya were selected and randomly divided into three groups. In Group A Balyamahakashaya Ksira Paka were administered for 30 days .In Group B Balyamahakashaya Ksira Basti were administered for 21days. In Group C combined regime of Balyamahakashaya Ksira Paka (30 days) and Balyamaha kashaya Ksira Basti (21 days) were administered. The criteria’s of assessment were Pipasa Asahyata (thirst intolerance) , Kshudha Asahyata (hunger intolerance), Bharavahana Asamarthata (inability to lift weight ), Kriya Alpa Shakti (less physical activity), Body weight, BMI, total blood protein, HB%, TLC and Anthropometric measurement of Hip and waist. Statistical analysis used: Paired and unpaired t test were used for analysis. Results: Significant result was found in all groups. Group-C was most effective followed by Group-B on all parameters. Conclusions: Combined therapy of Group C is better than individual therapy.

Clinical Studies

*Dr. Devendra Singh, **Dr. Gulab Chand Pamnani, ***Dr. Ajay Kumar Sharma

Clinical Evaluation On The Effect OfLodhradi Churna And Ksheera Valkala KwathIn The Management Of Dantaveshta W.S.R. To Pyorrhoea

2015   |   January-March   |   VOLUME - IX   |   ISSUE - 1

KEYWORDS - Dantaveshta, Pyorrhoea, Lodhradi Churna Pratisarana & Ksheera Valakala Kwath Gandusha.
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ABSTRACT

In Ayurveda the diseases of the oral cavity has been mentioned in Sushruta Samhita in a systemic way under the title of ‘Mukharoga’. Acharya Sushruta has described the disease ‘Dantaveshta’ under the caption of ‘Dantamulagata Roga’. Sushruta has told that vitiated Raktadosa gets accumulate in Dantaveshta (gums) and gives rise to Raktamishrita Puyasrava (blood mixed purulent discharge) from gums and loosening of teeth. ‘Dantaveshta’ can be compared with ‘Pyorrhoea which is presently known as ‘Periodontitis ’. Poor oral hygiene is the most common cause of periodontal disease. Besides microbial plaque, calculus, food compactions are also causative factors of periodontal disease. Incidence of Dantaveshta is increasing day by day in our society due to altered life style, unhealthy practices like tobacco chewing, junk food intake etc. The present study shows highly significant reduction in the puyasrawa, Raktasrawa, Dantshula, Daurghandhya, Krishnata and Chaladanta with the application of Lodhradi Churna Pratisarana & Ksheera Valakala Kwath Gandusha

Clinical Studies

*Sidharth Samal, **Kunal Sharma, ***Dipsundar Sahu, ****Abichal Chattopadhyay *****Jagannath Sahoo, ******Sanjay Kumar

Therapeutic Evaluation Of‘Ayush Harijiwan’ Oil For Musculoskeletal Pain Relief

2015   |   January-March   |   VOLUME - IX   |   ISSUE - 1

KEYWORDS - Chronic Pain, Polyherbal Oil, Mastard oil, Eucalyptus oil, Camphor, Urtica Dioica Extract (Nettel Plant Extract), Garlic, Nutmeg, Pepper.
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ABSTRACT

Chronic pain is a very common symptom and has significant impact on the physical, mental and economic aspect of the person. In this clinical trial, polyherbal oil preparation was used as a local applicant for the treatment of pain related to musculoskeletal origin. The sole objective of this study was, to assess the efficacy and safety of Ayush Harijiwan oil in chronic pain management. Fifty patients (aged between 30- 65 years) with mild to moderate chronic pain of musculoskeletal origin, and willing to participate were included in the study. During the trail the mean baseline parameters versus last visit (i.e.45days) parameters of pain (2.90±0.73 vs. 1.40±0.75), tenderness (1.62±0.75 vs. 0.42±0.64) and swelling (0.70±0.93 vs. 0.52±0.78) were compared and shown significant decreased in all parameters after application and also found pretty safe as no adverse drug reaction seen during the study. The overall use of the oil in chronic pain management as local applicant was found safe and effective.

Clinical Studies

*Dr. Prithvi Raj Tiwari, **Dr. Sarvesh Kumar Agarwal

Karshya Mein Santarpana Chikitsa Ka Prabhavatmaka Adhyayana

2015   |   January-March   |   VOLUME - IX   |   ISSUE - 1

KEYWORDS - Karshya, Dhatupustikara, Santarpana Chikitsa, under- nutrition, PEM, Nutritional therapy
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ABSTRACT

Karshya is a Rasapradoshaj Vikara that is a manifestation of irregular lifestyle in young generation of developing countries. As per modern science it is a condition of under- nutrition. Other cause is poverty and lack of health education. It can be measured by Weight, Basal Metabolic Rate (B.M.I.), and Waist/hip ratio. According to Acharaya Charak treatment principle is santarpana chikitsa. By following treatment principle “Dhatupustikara Yoga (granules)” named kalpit yoga taken for research work. A total number of 60 samples were selected from OPD/IPD of National Institute of Ayurveda, Jaipur for study, who are administered Dhatupusthikar Yoga - (granules) 20 gm before food with warm milk at morning time. The patients were advised to visit at an interval of 15 days during the study period of two months. By different Subjective & Objective parameters, observed result was satisfactory.

Clinical Studies

*Dr. Madhu singh

Evaluation of efficacy of classical management ofAmavata

2015   |   January-March   |   VOLUME - IX   |   ISSUE - 1

KEYWORDS -
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ABSTRACT

Amavata contributes too much morbidity in the patients , so classical therapeutic regimen adopted for this.In this study 30 patients of Amavata were selected from OPD and IPD of National Institute of Ayurveda, Jaipur. Patients of Amavata were taken for the study following the criteria of diagnosis of Rheumatiod arthritis (according ARA) in modern medicine and clinical features of Amavata described in Madhav nidan. Patients were devided in two groups A and B. l Group A - 15 patients were receiving Rasnadwadash kwatha in the dose of 20 ml twice a day with snehan and swedana (30 days). l Group B- 15 patients were taking classical management. It was observed that group B showed highly significant (p<0.001) results in morning stiffness, joint swelling joint pain etc. and significant (p<0.01) results in group A.

Clinical Studies

*Dr. Pushpa Rai, **Dr. B. Pushpalatha, ***Dr. Sushila Sharma

Clinical Evaluation of Efficacy ofKutajghanVati& Yonikanduhar Malhar in the management ofAcharana YonivyapadW.S.R. to Pruritus Vulvae

2015   |   January-March   |   VOLUME - IX   |   ISSUE - 1

KEYWORDS - Acharana Yonivyapad, Pruritus vulvae, Kutajghanvati, Yonikanduharmalhar
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ABSTRACT

In classical Ayurvedic texts twenty types of yonivyapad have been described and almost all the gynecological disorder comes under the term yonivyapad among these Acharanayonivyapad is also prevalent. Acharanayonivyapad present main symptom as yonikandu so it is correlated with pruritus vulvae. Pruritusvulvae are a symptom which is experienced by 10% of womenattending gynecological clinics. It presents a clinical problem of unusual difficulty because it has many possible causes and unless the cause is found, the treatment is unsatisfactory. The sufferer from intractable pruritus is in worse plight than one who experiences pain because itching is not relieved by the simple expedient of giving analgesics. There is no complaint which deserves more conscientious and sympathetic study. So to deal with such an intractable problem the present study has been planned. In this present research work 30 patients of Acharana Yonivyapad (Pruritus vulvae) were studied by randomly dividing them into three groups. Patients of first group were given Kutajghanvati only, the next group was given Yonikanduharmalhar and third group of patients were given both the formulations simultaneously. The duration of the treatment was 21 days in all the groups with weekly evaluation of the patients. The analysis based on subjective and objective indices reveled that all the three regimens are found to be effective while the group treated with combination of therapy reflected best improvement in Yonisrava & Yonidaurgandhya.

Clinical Studies

*Mithilesh Kumar Sah, **Prof. Mahesh Vyas, ***Dr. Shubhangi Kamble, ****Sujata P.Dhoke

A Comparative Study For The Assessment Of Escalation Of Pitta Dosha Due To Excessive Day Time Napping Through Glossometer

2015   |   January-March   |   VOLUME - IX   |   ISSUE - 1

KEYWORDS - Glossometer, Sleep, Snigdhata, Divaswapna, Pitta Dosha.
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ABSTRACT

Sleep is proved as a divine gift to human beings which refreshes and recharges an individual for the further struggle for survival. Night is the natural time for the proper sleep. If sleep is not practiced in this time period or if practiced in excessive durations leads to Dosha Prakopa. Day time napping produces unctuousness i.e. Kapha/Pitta Vriddhi in which the Snigdha Guna is common. Pitta is slightly unctuous in comparison to Kapha Dosha. Among many fundamental functions of aggravated Pitta Dosha, Prabha or Kanti i.e. Gloss is one among them. Present study is carried out to compare the increase in Unctuous by analysing Gloss level due to excessive day time napping. A total of 32 volunteers were registered irrespective of sex, caste, religion, etc. The survey study was done in three groups. In Group A, Persons with proper night sleep but not sleeping during day time, in Group B, Persons awaking at night and sleeping during day time to compensate it, and in Group C, Persons having natural night sleep and also having sleep during day time were categorized. Average in Gloss level on Forehead, Cheek and Volar Forearm was found highest in Group C as compared to other two Groups. On the basis of statistical analysis, it can be concluded that excessive day time napping escalates Pitta Dosha.

Pharmaceutical Study

*Dr. Ashok Kumar Tiwari, **Dr. Manoj Tripathi, ***Dr. Neelesh Dwivedi, ****Sharda Prasad Tripathi

Pharmacognostical Evaluation ofPalashbijadi Curna-A Polyherbal Compound Formulation

2015   |   January-March   |   VOLUME - IX   |   ISSUE - 1

KEYWORDS - Palasbijadi Curna, Ayurvedic formulation, Standardisation, Pharrmacognosy
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ABSTRACT

The ayurvedic term “Bhesaja Pariksha is an identical term for drug evaluation. The term Pariksha, Jignasa, Esana and Nyaya etc. are the synonyms of the term “Evaluation” which has been defined as “critical analytical study of the problems related to any observed or referred facts with the idea of clearing the doubts or to prove the facts by all available means leading to correct knowledge”. Quality assurance is an integral part of all systems of medicine to ensure the quality of the medicine. Thus, there is an urgent need to evaluate such parameters which can be adopted by the pharmaceutical industries. Present communication attempts to evaluate the Palasbijadi Curna-a polyherbal compound formulation. Three samples procured procured from different manufactures were subjected to microscopic characterization, physic-chemical analysis, and HPTLC finger printing and compared using authentic ingredients as reference. It was observed that the chromatographic analysis and microscopic characterization compliment each other in their findings, and can be used authentication of raw materials in the compound formulation.

Pharmaceutical Study

*Dr. Anjali Baijnath Prasad, **Dr. K.Shankar Rao**, ***Dr. Mohar Pal Meena

A comparative Pharmaceutico-analytical study ofLoha Rasayana prepared byAyaskriti and a modified method W.S.R. Disintegration of Iron

2015   |   January-March   |   VOLUME - IX   |   ISSUE - 1

KEYWORDS - Ayaskriti, Bhasma, Lohadi Rasayana
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ABSTRACT

Ayurveda, the first health science known has provided the treatment by the drugs from both the organic as well as inorganic origin. The very first well documented Ayurvedic classic Charaka Samhita itself has referred the usage of many inorganic matters profoundly and scientifically. This approach to the formulations was so rational and perfect that it fulfils the expectation of the scientific masses even also in terms of today’s Nano-particle theory. One of such examples is Lohadi Rasayana. Later this branch Rasashastra developed which focused precisely on tempering these inorganic matters to easily assimilable organic form. But its concept was embedded in the Samhita itself which got even improvised with time and experience. Purpose of present study was to scrutinize the validation of the process referred in Charaka Samhita to render the metal therapeutically suitable to the body and procedure by which the Bhasma are prepared and to analyse them on ancient and modern parameters.

Pharmaceutical Study

*Dr. Ramakant Vyas, **Dr. Sanjay Kumar, ***Dr. Parimi Suresh

A Critical Study of Ramchandrayati’s Vaidya Vinod w.s.r. to Rasashastra and Bhaishajya Kalpana

2015   |   January-March   |   VOLUME - IX   |   ISSUE - 1

KEYWORDS - Manuscript, ‘Vaidyavinod’, Sharangadhara Samhita, S.O.Ps(Standard operative procedures)
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ABSTRACT

Ayurvedic literature is a vast domain where most of the writings are in the form of manuscripts. ‘Vaidyavinod’ is one such manuscript in Marwari language written in 17th century by Ramchandrayati based on Sharangadhara Samhita. However, at present the original manuscript of ‘Vaidyavinod’ is not available rather its two handwritten copies. This study comprises two steps – first, a comparison of the two available copies of the ‘Vaidya vinod’ to establish its authentic text; second, comparing ‘Vaidyavinod’ with Sharangadhara Samhita using the two commentaries i.e. Dipika and Gudharth Dipika. In this study regional pharmaceutics specialties have been reported from ‘Vaidyavinod’ and 42 new formulations, 63 less formulations and 88 S.O.Ps. changes have been found in this text in comparison to Sharangadhara Samhita.

Experimental Studies

*Dr Bhawana mittal, **Dr Meenakshi, ***Dr Anita Sharma, ****Prof. Vinod Kumar Gothecha

An Experimental Study of Ashodhita & Shodhita Gunja ( Abrus precatorius Linn.) in Albino rats

2015   |   January-March   |   VOLUME - IX   |   ISSUE - 1

KEYWORDS -
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ABSTRACT

Ayurveda or any other science is to find out the validity of the claim or concepts prevalent or, to throw new insight into old facts, concepts and practices. Things established as truths traditionally are first challenged and doubted as regards their validity, they are then critically reexamined in modern light and accepted or rejected only after convincing evidence is found. One way to verify such concepts is to examine them experimentally with the help of animals, as conducting experiments on human beings is not ethical and legal in today’s world. Various references are available which show that even in the ancient times, mankind had learnt the use of various drugs after observing them being used by animals. The Ayurvedic classics also throw light on the experimental studies by describing various visha vegas in animals and several sign and symptoms produced on animals when fed contaminated food (Ca.Chi.23 and A.S.Su.8). Such drugs which are described in Ayurveda Gunja (Abrus precatorius), Bhallatak ( Semicarpus anacardium), etc. which are described as a highly toxic and used as a medicine after shodhan. So in present study an experimental study has been made to evaluate the medicinal potency of Ashodhita and shodhita Gunja.

Conceptual Studies

*Prakash Mangalasseri, **Surendran E, ***Manoj Kumar AK

Painful sensations due to Pittadosha

2015   |   January-March   |   VOLUME - IX   |   ISSUE - 1

KEYWORDS - Daaha, Osha, Plosha, Dava, Davadhu, Vidaha, Ayurveda, Pitta Pain
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ABSTRACT

Painful sensation due to Pittadosha is burning in nature. It is generally termed as Daaha. Various manifestations of Daaha are explained in Ayurvedic classical texts. It may be either localized or generalized with various intensities and features. Osha, Plosha, Dava, Davadhu, Vidaha, Antardaaha etc are varieties of Daaha and are commonly seen in patients. Hypersthesia, allodynia, causalgia etc. and certain vasomotor symptoms can be understood in terms of Pitta type of painful sensations. This article compiles technical explanations of terminologies on Pitta type of pain and attempts for some physiopathological interpretations.

Conceptual Studies

*Dr. Mahesh P. Patil, **Dr. Dharmendra Mishra, ***Dr.Shalinee Kumari, ***Prof. M. D. Sarma

Applied Anatomy of Pratara Sandhis of Prushthavansha

2015   |   January-March   |   VOLUME - IX   |   ISSUE - 1

KEYWORDS - Pratara Sandhi, Prushthavamsh, kasheruka, Greeva, Kati
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ABSTRACT

Approximately 10% of the total population consults a physician each year about back pain. More than 80% of people have back complaints during their life time. The vertebral column, together with the sternum and ribs, forms the skeleton of the body. The parts of the vertebral column have the greatest movement–the cervical and lumbar region, are the most frequent sites for the pain. Since the anatomy of the joints between vertebrae is complex hence the profound and full knowledge of the structure and function is required to diagnose and treat the disease low back pain, which is most common now days. Back pain has many causes and one of the major causes is injury to vertebral column or pathology including intervertebral joints. Although the anatomy of the back in Ayurvedic Samhitas is not described in detail as anatomy of prushtavansha (vertebral column) and kasherukas (vertebrae) is elaborated in modern anatomy, but while describing the sandhi (joints), Acharya have detailed its descriptionin the context of Pratara sandhi. The present article is the extract of a conceptual research study carried out to quest the applied aspects of Ayurvediya concept in the light of modern anatomy.

Case Studies

*Dr. Om Prakash Dadhich, **Dr.Pankaj Kothari, ***Dr. Hemraj Meena

Ulcerative Colitis: A Case Report

2015   |   January-March   |   VOLUME - IX   |   ISSUE - 1

KEYWORDS - Ulcerative colitis, Raktatisara, Grahani Roga, Nirgundi Ghrita, Madhuyashti Tailam Matra Basti, Shalmali Patra Pichcha Basti.
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ABSTRACT

A bowel disease that is characterized by inflammation and ulcer formation in the lining of colon (large intestine) is known as Ulcerative Colitis (UC). Very first symptoms of UC are abdominal cramping and pain, a sensation of urgent need to have a bowel movement (defecate), blood, mucous and pus in the stools. The most common affected area is the sigmoid colon and rectum but it can affect the entire colon. It’s a chronic idiopathic disease, still no satisfactory treatment available. According to Ayurveda on the basis of major sign & symptoms of UC, can be co-relate with Grahani Roga and Raktatisara. A diagnosed case of UC discussed here. In this case study patient was administered Nirgundi Ghrita orally daily, and Madhuyashti Tailam Anuvasana Basti and Shalmali Patra Pichcha Basti alternately. This Ayurvedic formulation showed highly significant result.

Literary Reviews

*Dr. Preeti, ***B. K. Sevatkar, ****Dr. S.K. Sharma, *****Dr. Talekar Manisha

An Etiopathological Study of Vyana Bala Vaishamyaw.s.r. to Hypertension

2015   |   January-March   |   VOLUME - IX   |   ISSUE - 1

KEYWORDS - hypertension,rasa,rakta,vyana Bala vaishamya
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ABSTRACT

High BP or hypertension is reported as the third ranked factor for disability adjusted life years. HTN is one of the primary risk factors for heart diseases and stroke, the leading cause of death worldwide. In Ayurveda, there is no any definite word corresponding to hypertension. However, all the manifestations of hypertension have been described in various chapters. Many scholars have tried to suggest some appropriate names to hypertension on the basis of their research and pathogenesis of the disease like Dhamani Pratichaya, Uccharaktachapa, Siragata Vata, Raktagata Vata, Avritta Vata Roga, Rakta Sampeedana etc. On objecting the symptomatology and etiopathogenesis of the disease to Ayurvedic fundamentals, it is evident that Vata Dosha, especially Vyana Vata for its hyperactivity, helped by other two Doshas, is responsible for the disease hypertension and hence is named as Vyana Bala Vaishamya with Rasa Rakta as Dushya. Present study is a humble attempt to study the disease from Ayurvedic point of view and to give the disease an Ayurvedic entity as named as Vyana Bala Vaishamya.

Literary Reviews

*Dr. Sukumar Nandigoudar, **Dr. Anju

Validation of Retah pareeksha vis-à-vis Semen analysis : Merging modern tools withAyurveda principles

2015   |   January-March   |   VOLUME - IX   |   ISSUE - 1

KEYWORDS - shukra dushti, Retopareeksha, semen analysis.
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ABSTRACT

Background: Shukra is considered as supreme dhatu and its dushti leads to male infertility and sexual dysfunction. Retahpareeksha is a tool to understand various Shukra dushti. Semen analysis is one of the important diagnostic tools in the management of male infertility. Objectives: To understand and validate retah pareeksha as a standard ayurvedic diagnostic tools in male infertility. Material and methods: Charaka and sushruta samhita are the literary resource to assess Shuddha shukra (healthy) and shukra dushti (morbid semen). The qualities of shuddha and dushta sukra will be understood and assessed with the help of modern seminal parameters. To assess the parameters of Retopareeksha modern instruments like Phase contrast microscope, Rohem’s sperm counting chamber, pH measuring strips, Calibrated pipette etc are used and Eosin stains to examine viability of sperms. Result: Abnormal physical characteristics of the semen can be understood by the doshic involvement. Phenila, Tanu, Ruksa represents vataja shukradushti; Vivarna (neela/peeta/ashveta) indicate pittaja shukradushti; Atyarta picchila denotes Kapha dosha; Putipuya indicate pittakapha involvement and anyadhatu samsrishti is due to shonitadi dhatu. Conclusion: Retopareeksha focus on panchendriya pareeksha to assess physical characters and morbid dosha of semen. Phalavattata, a main character may be attributed to viability, motility, count and normal morphology of sperms. The sperm endowed with normalcy of all these is able to fertilize the ovum i.e., Garbhakara. Retah pareeksha with the aid of modern tools gives exact idea about the pathology involved and thus helps in effective management.

Literary Reviews

*Rakesh Narayanan.V, **Ashwathykutty.V, ***Isha Herswani

Critical Analysis Of Praman Sarira With Special Reference To Cranio Facial Measurements

2015   |   January-March   |   VOLUME - IX   |   ISSUE - 1

KEYWORDS - Craniofacial Measurements, Pramana Sharira, Shiras, Anthropometry
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ABSTRACT

Pramana Sharira is the branch of Ayurveda Sharira which deals with the measurements of various body parts. Ayurveda considers head as the abode of Prana (Vitality). It is placed as the superior most organ in our body for the very reason that it is the seat of all sensory organs and Prana. Hence the assessment of Pramana of Shiras holds a great importance as it helps to understand any kind of structural variations/ abnormality. The related opinions of different Acharya may seem perplexing on a first glance but a deeper analysis with the commentaries can bring about the congruence in their views. This review discusses the various analytical aspects of references of craniofacial measurements given in Samhita.

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