It is a single group clinical study conducted on patients of a newly burning issue related to modus
vivendi “Computer vision syndrome”. Being a disease of modern era, we won’t get the direct reference and
nearest resembling disease in Ayurveda excellence. But speculations are made on the basis of Dosha Dushya
Sammurchana and Lakshana. Present study was planned with an aim and objectives, to compile and
commemorate the references of computer vision syndrome and its related diseases in Ayurveda excellence,
postulate the Samprapti Ghataka (Patho -physiology) of computer vision syndrome according to Ayuveda,
hypothetically and rule out the effect of Triphala Madhu Sarpi in reliving the sign and symptoms of computer
vision syndrome. Materials and methods of the study were planned on 50 samples who were the victim of
CVS. It is a single group study administered with Triphala Madhu Sarpi in a dose of 3gm of Triphala powder
along 5ml of Madhu & 5ml of Ghrita (Made from Dadhi of pure cow's milk) at night before meal. Effect of
intervention is assessed once in 15 days interval. Result & Discussion of the study revealed that Triphala
Madhu Sarpi has good result in relieving the subjective criteria’s viz., eye strain, fatigue eye, burning eye,
itching eye, headache, neck, shoulder and back pain and difficulty in focusing and objective criteria’s like
dry eye (by schirmer test), double vision and red eye after 2 month,
A double blind placebo control study was carried out to evaluate the efficacy of “Shoshjit Yog”, a
classical formulation mentioned in Astanga Hridaya1 for the management of Balshosh. The clinical study
was done in 60 patients of malnutrition randomly selected from OPD & IPD of N.I.A. Jaipur. The drug was
administered in the form of granules at a dose of 200mg/kg/day in 2 divided doses with standard diet. The
placebo was also administered in same dose with standard diet for 2 months. After 2 months of treatment
drug group showed significant improvement in Haemoglobin level, highly significant improvement in total
serum protein and no improvement in A:G ratio while placebo group showed moderately improvement in
Hb% and total serum protein and no improvement in A:G ratio, inter group comparison shows highly
significant difference in the improvement of total serum protein level. Thus Shoshjit Yog is a very good
alternative for the improvement of total serum protein level in malnutrition cases along with standard diet
*Dr. Udai Raj Saroj, **Dr. Purnima Rao, ***Prof. R. K. Joshi
Clinical Evaluation of the Efficacy ofShankhapushpi Panak and Shirodhara with Mansyadi Kwatha in the Management of Chittodvega W.S.R. to Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Chittodvega is a psychological disease which resembles Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD). It is
characterized by excessive, uncontrollable and often irrational worry about everyday things that is
disproportionate to the actual source of worry. Present study was conducted on 60 clinically diagnosed cases
of Chittodvega by dividing them randomly into two equal groups. Patients of Group I were administered
Shankhapushpi Panak in the dose of 15 ml twice a day for one month and Shirodhara with Mansyadi Kwatha
daily for 21 days. In Group II, patients were administered Tab. Sertraline 50mg once a day at bed time for
30 days. Effect of both therapies were assessed and compared on the basis of improvement in sign and
symptoms of Chittodvega and GAD by using DSM-IV criteria, Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale. Statistically
highly significant improvements were observed in both Groups. Ayurvedic treatment had produced similar
and comparable effect on various scientific parameters as compared with Tab. Sertraline.
*Dr. Tripathi S. K., **Dr. Alok Kumar, **Dr. Jain V.K., ****Dr.M.K.Shringi
“Clinical Evaluation Of Palasha KsharaAnd Pashanbheda Kwatha Churna In The Management Of Urolithiasis”
The urinary stones have peculiar tendency of recurrence, despite of their surgical removal, which
prove that surgery only be a part of treatment, but not the complete treatment. To avoid the incidence of
recurrence after surgical removal of stone and in search of an effective conservative treatment the present
work has been performed.
The present study was conducted in 43 clinically diagnosed patients of Urolithiasis were treated with
Palashakshara and Pashanbheda Kwath for 84 days. Statistically significant improvement was observed in
Context: Individuals who are lean and underweight are considered in Ayurveda as suffering from
Karshya that may leads to diminished immunity level. Aims: Due to more prevalence and unavailability of
the satisfactory management for Karshya in modern medicine this clinical trial has been done. Primary
objective was to treat the patients who were suffering from Karshya on the basis of classical principles of
Ayurveda with Balyamahakashaya Ksira Basti and Balyamahakashaya Ksira Paka. Settings and Design:
Open labelled randomized trial. Methods and Material: 30 patients of Karshya were selected and randomly
divided into three groups. In Group A Balyamahakashaya Ksira Paka were administered for 30 days .In
Group B Balyamahakashaya Ksira Basti were administered for 21days. In Group C combined regime of
Balyamahakashaya Ksira Paka (30 days) and Balyamaha kashaya Ksira Basti (21 days) were administered.
The criteria’s of assessment were Pipasa Asahyata (thirst intolerance) , Kshudha Asahyata (hunger
intolerance), Bharavahana Asamarthata (inability to lift weight ), Kriya Alpa Shakti (less physical activity),
Body weight, BMI, total blood protein, HB%, TLC and Anthropometric measurement of Hip and waist.
Statistical analysis used: Paired and unpaired t test were used for analysis. Results: Significant result
was found in all groups. Group-C was most effective followed by Group-B on all parameters. Conclusions:
Combined therapy of Group C is better than individual therapy.
In Ayurveda the diseases of the oral cavity has been mentioned in Sushruta Samhita in a systemic
way under the title of ‘Mukharoga’. Acharya Sushruta has described the disease ‘Dantaveshta’ under the
caption of ‘Dantamulagata Roga’. Sushruta has told that vitiated Raktadosa gets accumulate in Dantaveshta
(gums) and gives rise to Raktamishrita Puyasrava (blood mixed purulent discharge) from gums and loosening
‘Dantaveshta’ can be compared with ‘Pyorrhoea which is presently known as ‘Periodontitis ’. Poor
oral hygiene is the most common cause of periodontal disease. Besides microbial plaque, calculus, food
compactions are also causative factors of periodontal disease.
Incidence of Dantaveshta is increasing day by day in our society due to altered life style, unhealthy
practices like tobacco chewing, junk food intake etc.
The present study shows highly significant reduction in the puyasrawa, Raktasrawa, Dantshula,
Daurghandhya, Krishnata and Chaladanta with the application of Lodhradi Churna Pratisarana & Ksheera
Valakala Kwath Gandusha
Chronic pain is a very common symptom and has significant impact on the physical, mental and
economic aspect of the person. In this clinical trial, polyherbal oil preparation was used as a local applicant
for the treatment of pain related to musculoskeletal origin. The sole objective of this study was, to assess
the efficacy and safety of Ayush Harijiwan oil in chronic pain management. Fifty patients (aged between 30-
65 years) with mild to moderate chronic pain of musculoskeletal origin, and willing to participate were
included in the study. During the trail the mean baseline parameters versus last visit (i.e.45days) parameters
of pain (2.90±0.73 vs. 1.40±0.75), tenderness (1.62±0.75 vs. 0.42±0.64) and swelling (0.70±0.93 vs.
0.52±0.78) were compared and shown significant decreased in all parameters after application and also found
pretty safe as no adverse drug reaction seen during the study. The overall use of the oil in chronic pain
management as local applicant was found safe and effective.
Karshya is a Rasapradoshaj Vikara that is a manifestation of irregular lifestyle in young generation of
developing countries. As per modern science it is a condition of under- nutrition. Other cause is poverty
and lack of health education. It can be measured by Weight, Basal Metabolic Rate (B.M.I.), and Waist/hip
ratio. According to Acharaya Charak treatment principle is santarpana chikitsa. By following treatment
principle “Dhatupustikara Yoga (granules)” named kalpit yoga taken for research work. A total number of
60 samples were selected from OPD/IPD of National Institute of Ayurveda, Jaipur for study, who are
administered Dhatupusthikar Yoga - (granules) 20 gm before food with warm milk at morning time. The
patients were advised to visit at an interval of 15 days during the study period of two months. By different
Subjective & Objective parameters, observed result was satisfactory.
*Dr. Madhu singh
Evaluation of efficacy of classical management ofAmavata
Amavata contributes too much morbidity in the patients , so classical therapeutic regimen adopted
for this.In this study 30 patients of Amavata were selected from OPD and IPD of National Institute of
Ayurveda, Jaipur. Patients of Amavata were taken for the study following the criteria of diagnosis of
Rheumatiod arthritis (according ARA) in modern medicine and clinical features of Amavata described in
Madhav nidan. Patients were devided in two groups A and B.
l Group A - 15 patients were receiving Rasnadwadash kwatha in the dose of 20 ml twice a day with snehan
and swedana (30 days).
l Group B- 15 patients were taking classical management.
It was observed that group B showed highly significant (p<0.001) results in morning stiffness, joint
swelling joint pain etc. and significant (p<0.01) results in group A.
*Dr. Pushpa Rai, **Dr. B. Pushpalatha, ***Dr. Sushila Sharma
Clinical Evaluation of Efficacy ofKutajghanVati& Yonikanduhar Malhar in the management ofAcharana YonivyapadW.S.R. to Pruritus Vulvae
In classical Ayurvedic texts twenty types of yonivyapad have been described and almost all the
gynecological disorder comes under the term yonivyapad among these Acharanayonivyapad is also
prevalent. Acharanayonivyapad present main symptom as yonikandu so it is correlated with pruritus vulvae.
Pruritusvulvae are a symptom which is experienced by 10% of womenattending gynecological clinics. It
presents a clinical problem of unusual difficulty because it has many possible causes and unless the cause is
found, the treatment is unsatisfactory. The sufferer from intractable pruritus is in worse plight than one who
experiences pain because itching is not relieved by the simple expedient of giving analgesics. There is no
complaint which deserves more conscientious and sympathetic study. So to deal with such an intractable
problem the present study has been planned.
In this present research work 30 patients of Acharana Yonivyapad (Pruritus vulvae) were studied
by randomly dividing them into three groups. Patients of first group were given Kutajghanvati only, the
next group was given Yonikanduharmalhar and third group of patients were given both the formulations
simultaneously. The duration of the treatment was 21 days in all the groups with weekly evaluation of the
patients. The analysis based on subjective and objective indices reveled that all the three regimens are found
to be effective while the group treated with combination of therapy reflected best improvement in Yonisrava
Sleep is proved as a divine gift to human beings which refreshes and recharges an individual for the
further struggle for survival. Night is the natural time for the proper sleep. If sleep is not practiced in this
time period or if practiced in excessive durations leads to Dosha Prakopa. Day time napping produces
unctuousness i.e. Kapha/Pitta Vriddhi in which the Snigdha Guna is common. Pitta is slightly unctuous in
comparison to Kapha Dosha. Among many fundamental functions of aggravated Pitta Dosha, Prabha or Kanti
i.e. Gloss is one among them. Present study is carried out to compare the increase in Unctuous by analysing
Gloss level due to excessive day time napping. A total of 32 volunteers were registered irrespective of sex,
caste, religion, etc. The survey study was done in three groups. In Group A, Persons with proper night
sleep but not sleeping during day time, in Group B, Persons awaking at night and sleeping during day time
to compensate it, and in Group C, Persons having natural night sleep and also having sleep during day time
were categorized. Average in Gloss level on Forehead, Cheek and Volar Forearm was found highest in Group
C as compared to other two Groups. On the basis of statistical analysis, it can be concluded that excessive
day time napping escalates Pitta Dosha.
The ayurvedic term “Bhesaja Pariksha is an identical term for drug evaluation. The term Pariksha,
Jignasa, Esana and Nyaya etc. are the synonyms of the term “Evaluation” which has been defined as “critical
analytical study of the problems related to any observed or referred facts with the idea of clearing the doubts
or to prove the facts by all available means leading to correct knowledge”. Quality assurance is an integral
part of all systems of medicine to ensure the quality of the medicine. Thus, there is an urgent need to evaluate
such parameters which can be adopted by the pharmaceutical industries. Present communication attempts
to evaluate the Palasbijadi Curna-a polyherbal compound formulation. Three samples procured procured
from different manufactures were subjected to microscopic characterization, physic-chemical analysis, and
HPTLC finger printing and compared using authentic ingredients as reference. It was observed that the
chromatographic analysis and microscopic characterization compliment each other in their findings, and can
be used authentication of raw materials in the compound formulation.
Ayurveda, the first health science known has provided the treatment by the drugs from both the
organic as well as inorganic origin. The very first well documented Ayurvedic classic Charaka Samhita itself
has referred the usage of many inorganic matters profoundly and scientifically. This approach to the
formulations was so rational and perfect that it fulfils the expectation of the scientific masses even also in
terms of today’s Nano-particle theory. One of such examples is Lohadi Rasayana. Later this branch
Rasashastra developed which focused precisely on tempering these inorganic matters to easily assimilable
organic form. But its concept was embedded in the Samhita itself which got even improvised with time and
Purpose of present study was to scrutinize the validation of the process referred in Charaka Samhita
to render the metal therapeutically suitable to the body and procedure by which the Bhasma are prepared
and to analyse them on ancient and modern parameters.
Ayurvedic literature is a vast domain where most of the writings are in the form of manuscripts.
‘Vaidyavinod’ is one such manuscript in Marwari language written in 17th century by Ramchandrayati based
on Sharangadhara Samhita. However, at present the original manuscript of ‘Vaidyavinod’ is not available
rather its two handwritten copies. This study comprises two steps – first, a comparison of the two available
copies of the ‘Vaidya vinod’ to establish its authentic text; second, comparing ‘Vaidyavinod’ with
Sharangadhara Samhita using the two commentaries i.e. Dipika and Gudharth Dipika. In this study regional
pharmaceutics specialties have been reported from ‘Vaidyavinod’ and 42 new formulations, 63 less
formulations and 88 S.O.Ps. changes have been found in this text in comparison to Sharangadhara Samhita.
Ayurveda or any other science is to find out the validity of the claim or concepts prevalent or, to
throw new insight into old facts, concepts and practices. Things established as truths traditionally are first
challenged and doubted as regards their validity, they are then critically reexamined in modern light and
accepted or rejected only after convincing evidence is found. One way to verify such concepts is to examine
them experimentally with the help of animals, as conducting experiments on human beings is not ethical
and legal in today’s world. Various references are available which show that even in the ancient times,
mankind had learnt the use of various drugs after observing them being used by animals. The Ayurvedic
classics also throw light on the experimental studies by describing various visha vegas in animals and several
sign and symptoms produced on animals when fed contaminated food (Ca.Chi.23 and A.S.Su.8).
Such drugs which are described in Ayurveda Gunja (Abrus precatorius), Bhallatak ( Semicarpus
anacardium), etc. which are described as a highly toxic and used as a medicine after shodhan. So in present
study an experimental study has been made to evaluate the medicinal potency of Ashodhita and shodhita
*Prakash Mangalasseri, **Surendran E, ***Manoj Kumar AK
Painful sensation due to Pittadosha is burning in nature. It is generally termed as Daaha. Various
manifestations of Daaha are explained in Ayurvedic classical texts. It may be either localized or generalized
with various intensities and features. Osha, Plosha, Dava, Davadhu, Vidaha, Antardaaha etc are varieties of
Daaha and are commonly seen in patients. Hypersthesia, allodynia, causalgia etc. and certain vasomotor
symptoms can be understood in terms of Pitta type of painful sensations. This article compiles technical
explanations of terminologies on Pitta type of pain and attempts for some physiopathological interpretations.
*Dr. Mahesh P. Patil, **Dr. Dharmendra Mishra, ***Dr.Shalinee Kumari, ***Prof. M. D. Sarma
Applied Anatomy of Pratara Sandhis of Prushthavansha
2015 | January-March | VOLUME - IX | ISSUE - 1
KEYWORDS - Pratara Sandhi, Prushthavamsh, kasheruka, Greeva, Kati
Approximately 10% of the total population consults a physician each year about back pain. More
than 80% of people have back complaints during their life time. The vertebral column, together with the
sternum and ribs, forms the skeleton of the body. The parts of the vertebral column have the greatest
movement–the cervical and lumbar region, are the most frequent sites for the pain. Since the anatomy of
the joints between vertebrae is complex hence the profound and full knowledge of the structure and function
is required to diagnose and treat the disease low back pain, which is most common now days. Back pain has
many causes and one of the major causes is injury to vertebral column or pathology including intervertebral
Although the anatomy of the back in Ayurvedic Samhitas is not described in detail as anatomy of
prushtavansha (vertebral column) and kasherukas (vertebrae) is elaborated in modern anatomy, but while
describing the sandhi (joints), Acharya have detailed its descriptionin the context of Pratara sandhi. The
present article is the extract of a conceptual research study carried out to quest the applied aspects of
Ayurvediya concept in the light of modern anatomy.
*Dr. Om Prakash Dadhich, **Dr.Pankaj Kothari, ***Dr. Hemraj Meena
A bowel disease that is characterized by inflammation and ulcer formation in the lining of colon (large
intestine) is known as Ulcerative Colitis (UC). Very first symptoms of UC are abdominal cramping and pain,
a sensation of urgent need to have a bowel movement (defecate), blood, mucous and pus in the stools. The
most common affected area is the sigmoid colon and rectum but it can affect the entire colon. It’s a chronic
idiopathic disease, still no satisfactory treatment available. According to Ayurveda on the basis of major
sign & symptoms of UC, can be co-relate with Grahani Roga and Raktatisara. A diagnosed case of UC
discussed here. In this case study patient was administered Nirgundi Ghrita orally daily, and Madhuyashti
Tailam Anuvasana Basti and Shalmali Patra Pichcha Basti alternately. This Ayurvedic formulation showed
highly significant result.
High BP or hypertension is reported as the third ranked factor for disability adjusted life years. HTN
is one of the primary risk factors for heart diseases and stroke, the leading cause of death worldwide. In
Ayurveda, there is no any definite word corresponding to hypertension. However, all the manifestations of
hypertension have been described in various chapters. Many scholars have tried to suggest some appropriate
names to hypertension on the basis of their research and pathogenesis of the disease like Dhamani Pratichaya,
Uccharaktachapa, Siragata Vata, Raktagata Vata, Avritta Vata Roga, Rakta Sampeedana etc. On objecting
the symptomatology and etiopathogenesis of the disease to Ayurvedic fundamentals, it is evident that Vata
Dosha, especially Vyana Vata for its hyperactivity, helped by other two Doshas, is responsible for the disease
hypertension and hence is named as Vyana Bala Vaishamya with Rasa Rakta as Dushya. Present study is a
humble attempt to study the disease from Ayurvedic point of view and to give the disease an Ayurvedic
entity as named as Vyana Bala Vaishamya.
*Dr. Sukumar Nandigoudar, **Dr. Anju
Validation of Retah pareeksha vis-à-vis Semen analysis : Merging modern tools withAyurveda principles
Background: Shukra is considered as supreme dhatu and its dushti leads to male infertility and
sexual dysfunction. Retahpareeksha is a tool to understand various Shukra dushti. Semen analysis is one of
the important diagnostic tools in the management of male infertility.
Objectives: To understand and validate retah pareeksha as a standard ayurvedic diagnostic tools
in male infertility.
Material and methods: Charaka and sushruta samhita are the literary resource to assess Shuddha
shukra (healthy) and shukra dushti (morbid semen). The qualities of shuddha and dushta sukra will be
understood and assessed with the help of modern seminal parameters. To assess the parameters of
Retopareeksha modern instruments like Phase contrast microscope, Rohem’s sperm counting chamber, pH
measuring strips, Calibrated pipette etc are used and Eosin stains to examine viability of sperms.
Result: Abnormal physical characteristics of the semen can be understood by the doshic
involvement. Phenila, Tanu, Ruksa represents vataja shukradushti; Vivarna (neela/peeta/ashveta) indicate
pittaja shukradushti; Atyarta picchila denotes Kapha dosha; Putipuya indicate pittakapha involvement and
anyadhatu samsrishti is due to shonitadi dhatu.
Conclusion: Retopareeksha focus on panchendriya pareeksha to assess physical characters and
morbid dosha of semen. Phalavattata, a main character may be attributed to viability, motility, count and
normal morphology of sperms. The sperm endowed with normalcy of all these is able to fertilize the ovum
i.e., Garbhakara. Retah pareeksha with the aid of modern tools gives exact idea about the pathology involved
and thus helps in effective management.
Pramana Sharira is the branch of Ayurveda Sharira which deals with the measurements of various
body parts. Ayurveda considers head as the abode of Prana (Vitality). It is placed as the superior most organ
in our body for the very reason that it is the seat of all sensory organs and Prana. Hence the assessment of
Pramana of Shiras holds a great importance as it helps to understand any kind of structural variations/
abnormality. The related opinions of different Acharya may seem perplexing on a first glance but a deeper
analysis with the commentaries can bring about the congruence in their views. This review discusses the
various analytical aspects of references of craniofacial measurements given in Samhita.