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Journal of Ayurveda

A Peer Reviewed Research Publication of
National Institute of Ayurveda, Jaipur

TABLE OF CONTENT

2016   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - X   |   ISSUE - 4

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Clinical Studies

*Dr. M. W. S. Janakanthi Kumari, **Dr. Hetal H. Dave, ***Dr. Baldev Kumar

A Critical Analysis of the Basic Principles of Stress Related Diabetes Mellitus & the Role of Counseling and Medhya Rasayana in its Management

2016   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - X   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Prameha, Stress, Diabetes Mellitus, Counseling, Medhya Rasayana
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ABSTRACT

Diabetes is a universal disorder. Prameha, greatly resemble the characteristics of Diabetes Mellitus. The main objectives of this research work were to analyze critically the principle behind the Stress related Diabetes Mellitus and to assess the role of counseling and Medhya Rasayanain its management. For clinical study 60 Stress Related Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (Type II Diabetes) patients with Fasting Blood Glucose 110 mg/dl -250mg/dl have been selected in three (03) groups randomly, each containing 20.Formulas named as Bilvadi Churna and Kiratadi Churna in fine powder form have been selected for the clinical trial.Group I was treated with Bilvadi Churna 5g, three times a day, with proper counseling in each visit. GroupII received Kiratadi Churna5g, three times a day, besides counseling. Group IIIhas givenroasted Barley powder capsules asPlacebo 250 mg, three times a day, along counseling for 1/2 an hour in each visit. Duration of therapy was 2 months. When overall result was considered 100% Type II Diabetic patients were identified as suffering from chronic stress before the onset of Diabetes. None was also found without the acute stress in accordance with the Perceived Stress Scale. The effect of the therapies on the cardinal signs and symptoms has shown statistically significant reduction in all the parameters with various percentages of relief. Reduction of Prabhuta Mutrata (polyuria), kshudhadhikya (polyphagia), Pipasadhikya (polydipsia) were extremely significant in all three groups.

Clinical Studies

*Praveen B S, **Anil K Abraham, ***Kashinath Samagandi

A Study on Role of Mustadi Yapana Basti In The Management of Gridhrasi (Sciatica)

2016   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - X   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Sciatica, Gridhrasi, Basti Karma, Mustadi Yapana Basti, Yoga Basti, Vata Vyadhi
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ABSTRACT

Introduction: Low back pain is frequently confronted problem in clinical practice which is more common among people aging 40-80 years. About 40% of people experience low back pain at some point in their life. About 50-70% of people get affected by low back pain with incidence of Sciatica more than 40%. Gridhrasi is a variety of Vatavyadhi characterized by pain in low back radiating to lower limb. Due to the resemblance in signs and symptoms, Gridhrasi may be readily correlated to sciatica. A study was planned to ascertain the role of Musthadi Yapana Basti in the management of Gridhrasi (sciatica) as it is indicated in management of musculoskeletal disorders. Pancha Tikta Ghritha was selected as Anuvasana Dravya which is also indicated in Gridhrasi. Objectives of Study: To evaluate the efficacy of Mustadi Yapana Basti in the management of Gridhrasi. Materials and Methods: Source of data: Samples were selected from OPD and IPD of PG studies in Panchakarma of Alva’s Ayurveda Medical College & Hospital, Moodabidri, Karnataka. Methadology and Results: 20 Subjects fulfilling Diagnostic and Inclusion criteria were subjected for Mustadi Yapana Basti with Pancha Tiktaka Ghritam as Anuvasana in Yoga Basti schedule. This study has revealed that Mustadi Yapana Basti has produced statistically highly significant relief in symptoms like Ruk, Sthambha, Toda, Spandana, SLR test and duration of walking time at the level <0.001. Statistical significant relief was observed in other symptoms like Tandra Aruchi and Gaurava too. 60% of the patients showed moderate improvement and 40% of the patients had mild improvement in present clinical study. Conclusion: So it can be concluded that Musthadi Yapana Basti is effective in the management of Gridhrasi.

Clinical Studies

*Dr. Saval Pratap Singh Jadoun,** Dr.Rajesh Arora,***Dr. Narinder Singh

A Comparative Study of The Efficacy of Tagar-Rhizome (Valeriana wallichii) Dried Crude Water Extract As PreMedication With Diazepam on The Emergence Reactions Of Ketamine Anaesthesia

2016   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - X   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Anaesthesia, Ketamine, Dissociation, Emergence phenomenon, Premedication.
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ABSTRACT

Clinical trial of Tagar-Rhizome (Valeriana wallichii) Dried CrudeWater Extract as a pre-medicant is conducted on 30 female patients undergoing various surgical procedures under Ketamine anaesthesia. An effort has been made during this study to clinically analyze the efficacy of Tagar-Rhizome (Valeriana wallichii) Dried Crude Water Extract as pre-medication agent in comparison to the diazepam. Iit is found that both Tagar-Rhizome (Valeriana wallichii) Dried Crude Water Extract& diazepam were not able to fully control the cardiovascular stimulations along with visual & auditory hallucinations, terrifying delirium during induction and vivid (pleasant or unpleasant) dreams, purpose less movements, psychotic behavior during emergence, but the patients in whom Tagar-Rhizome (Valeriana wallichii) Dried Crude Water Extract as this was administrated continuously for seven days as pre-medication showed better control over these adverse reactions. The incidences of pre-procedure & post-procedure amnesia are significantly less in theTagar-Rhizome (Valeriana wallichii) Dried Crude Water Extract as pre-medicated group.

Clinical Studies

*Dr.Chaurasia Ranju Kumari,** Dr. Diksha Khathuria ,***Prof. C.M. Jain,****Dr. B. Pushplatha

Clinical Evaluation Of Efficacy OfKusthadi ChurnaWith Udumbaradi Tail In The Management Of Karnini Yonivyapada W.S.R. To Cervical Erosion

2016   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - X   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Karnini, Cervical Erosion, Yonivyapad, Benign Lesion
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ABSTRACT

Karnini yonivyapad is one of the gynaecological disorder in Ayurveda are found under the umbrella of the yonivyapad. According to the sign and symptoms, it is more nearer to the disease, cervical erosion. Benign lesion is sometimes much troublesome due to its chronicity and nature of recurrence. It is the replacement of the stratified squamous epithelium of the portio-vaginalis by the columnar epithelium of endocervix. The treatment is designed to destruct the columnar epithelium by any methods and to promote the re-epithelization of the squamous tissues. Keeping this point in view, the present clinical trial, clinical evaluation of efficacy of kusthadichurnawith udumbaradi tail in the management of karniniyonivyapad with special reference to cervical erosion” was taken.The kusthadichurna was applied locally on the eroded area and pichu of udumbaradi tail was used in one group, and other group contain only pichu ofudumbaradi tail, and result were assessed on the basis of the epithelization of erosion and improvement in the symptoms. The study reveals that the mixed therapy group showed better results than thesingle druggroup.

Clinical Studies

*Dr. Sunil Kumar, **Dr. Jula Rani, ***Dr. Sunil Kumar Yadav

Anatomical Explanation on method ofAbhyangaw.s.r. to muscle attachments

2016   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - X   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Abhyanga, muscle attachments
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ABSTRACT

Massaging the body with oil in specific direction is well known by the name Abhyanga in Ayurveda. The beneficial effects of this process are brought about by the medicines as well as the manoeuvres adopted for this process. A survey carried out among one hundred patients of fifty Ayurvedic centres revealed that in the upper limb, lower limb and back regions, the direction of Abhyanga was mainly from origin to insertion of muscle and random method was employed over the chest and abdomen. The comparative effectiveness of two different methods of Abhyanga was tested through a clinical trial and the results showed that, the direction of Abhyanga from origin to insertion of muscle is more effective than the random method.

Clinical Studies

*Dr.Shikha Nayak, **Dr.B.B.Pandey, ***Dr. B. Swapna

A Clinical Study To Evaluate The Efficacy Of Patolyadi Kwath & Kampillakadi Tail In The Management Of Vrana

2016   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - X   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Sadyo Vrana, Agantuja Vrana, Traumatic Wound, Patolyadi Kwath, Kampillakadi Tail.
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ABSTRACT

Sadyo-Vrana with a correlation to traumatic wound is frequently encountered into routine life and routine surgical practice. The patient demands the relief of pain and healing simultaneously. The incidence of traumatic wound has risen significantly, therefore, taken up in the present study with an objective to provide relief from pain and complete healing. Based on Ayurvedic principles, 30 patients suffering from traumatic wounds were selected. Complete history and clinical data were recorded in a specific designed Performa and divided into three Groups, viz. Group-A: sterile gauze dressing after cleaning with normal saline. Group-B: Treated with Patolyadi Kwath prakshalan and dressed with sterile dressing materials and GroupC: Treated with application of Kampillakadi Tail followed by Patolyadi Kwath prakshalan and dressed with sterile dressing materials. Duration of treatment in all three Groups was 7 days. After therapy statistical analysis concluded that Group- C showed better result in comparison to Group-A and Group-B.

Clinical Studies

*Dr Ravi Kumar, **Dr Mangalagowri V. Rao

A clinical study on Diet and Yoga in the Management of Sthaulya (Obesity)

2016   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - X   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - sthaulya, diet, yogic practices
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ABSTRACT

Due to the faulty lifestyle and over consumption of sweet and unctuous substances etc Sthaulya (Obesity) and its complications like reduced life span, debility, diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular diseases etc are increasing day by day and causing morbidity and mortality worldwide. The ideal way to break the etiopathogenesis of Sthaulya is through the modifications of diet, conduct and actions advised in Ayurvedic and Yogic texts. The aim and objective of this study was to evaluate the role of diet management and some yogic practices in prevention and management of Sthaulya (Obesity). This study was conducted at OPD and Department of Swasthavritta and Yoga as well as at OPD and Department of Kayachikitsa, Sir Sundar Lal Hospital, B.H.U., Varanasi. Research design selected for the present study was consist of intra group comparison of BT and AT as well as inter group comparison between three groups A, B and C respectively. It was an open, prospective and randomized clinical trial. Conclusion treatment was most effective in the group C treated with diet and Yogic practices.

Clinical Studies

*Dr. Varsha Singh, *** Dr.(Mrs.)Hetal H. Dave

Clinical Evaluation of The Effect ofAnuvasana- Vasti (MatraVasti) And Pichu In Pregnancy on The Phenomenon Of Labour

2016   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - X   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Garbhini Paricharya, Madhura aushadha sidhha Taila, Anuvasana-vasti, Pichu.
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ABSTRACT

Garbhini Paricharya/Antenatal care in pregnancy is essential to achieve the aim to bring healthy offspring and to prevent the pathological changes that occur during pregnancy and labour. The present study was conducted on 30 patients who fulfill the exclusion and inclusion criteria. Study was conducted with an objective of evaluating the effect of Madhura-aushadha-sidhha Taila, if it used as both i.e. Anuvasana Vasti and Pichu or it is used as only Pichu have the same effect/ different effect on the phenomenon of labour. Group-A patients were treated with Anuvasana Vasti in the dose of 60 ml twice weekly and use of Pichu daily in night from the 9th month of pregnancy till delivery while Group-B patients were treated only with Pichu daily in night from the 9th month of pregnancy till delivery. Group-A was more effective on different parameters than Group-B.

Pharmaceutical Study

*Dr. Khandelwal Jyoti, **Dr.Rath Sudipt, ***Prof. Kotecha Mita, ****Garg Naveen K., *****Sharma Gaurav

Pharmacognistical Study of Leaf of Prosopis Cineraria (L.) Druce

2016   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - X   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Pharmacognostical study, Shami, Prosopis cineraria, Microscopy & Macroscopy
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ABSTRACT

Prosopis cineraria (L.) Druce commonly known as Shami or “Khejari” in Hindi is a small to moderate tree belonging to the family Fabaceae and a member of subfamily Mimosaceae. The present study deals macroscopic, microscopic, microchemical investigations of green and dry leaf of Prosopis cineraria (L.) Druce. Organoleptic charecters of leaves of plant are Color dark green, odorless, astringent in taste. The diagnostic characters of leaves of this plant are presence of multicellular trichomes, lignified fibers, tannin containing cells and Starch grains. The information generated in this study will provide relevant pharmacognostical data needed for proper identification and authentication of leaves of this particular species. Prosopis cineraria (L.) Druce exhibits antidysentric, antileprotic, antiasthamatic actions.

Conceptual Studies

dr sunil kumar sharma,dr govind pareek,dr vipin kumar

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2016   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - X   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Ayurveda, Vedas, Puranas, Manusmriti, Samhitas, treatment
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ABSTRACT

Ayurveda is termed as Sarvapaarishada shastra. The essence of the knowledge of Vedas, Puranas, Smriti and Darshanas is included in Ayurveda.The knowledge of Ayurveda relevant in term of treatment is found in ‘Manusmriti’ too. Hence in the present work the ‘Manusmriti’ along with their available commentaries were studied and Ayurvedic Samhita Grantas with their commentaries were studied by which it was deciphered that out of this knowledge a part of it is found as it is in Ayurvedic Samhitas, another with a few contradictions and a part of is mentioned here which is not found in Ayurvedic Samhitas but is important in terms of treatment like number of the Yamas and Niyamas, number of Malas of the body, topic related to religion, appropriate age for marriage, inappropriate Kula of marriage, reparations of various Paapa Karmas, adverse results of marriages in the other cast and various food preparations that should not be consumed. The above mentioned facts found in ‘Manusmriti’ actually complete the Ayurveda as a science in a distinct way.

Literary Reviews

*Dr. Manorma Singh, **Prof. Sanjeev Sharma

Medical Ethics in Ayurveda- a Review

2016   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - X   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Ethics, Ayurveda, consent, medical practice
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ABSTRACT

Ethics is an important discipline of medical practice. Ethics constitute the application of moral principles, values and standards to the practice of medicine. In the modern times awareness has increased regarding the matters related to human rights and consumer protection. Doctors face medico-legal controversial issues on regular basis. The basic aim behind the knowledge and practice of ethics is to avoid unwanted legal issues and to develop healthy professionalism. The practice of ethics is indispensable and has been given special consideration in the National Health Policy 2015. Centuries back, Ayurveda has advocated the practice of ethics in the field of medicine, necessitating the competence of the physician, getting consent, to develop the virtues of integrity, compassion and self effacement, to maintain good relation with co-professionals, to abstain from making false claims, advertisements and malpractices.References are available where matters of confidentiality and privacy of the patient have been given importance. Modern medical ethics has its roots in ayurveda. Ayurvedic code of conduct and ethics should be endorsed with zeal in the present medical practice.

Literary Reviews

*Parween Bano, **Pralay Kumar Sahu, ***Prof. K Shankar Rao

Review of Manahshila In Ancient Literatures

2016   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - X   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Manahshila, Samhita, therapeutic, Pharmaceutical, Rasa Shastra.
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ABSTRACT

Various metals and minerals have been illustrated with their uses in Vedic period but has not mentioned Manahshila any of those texts. Although therapeutic use of Manahshila has been found from the Samhita Period, but there is no pharmaceutical description. Pharmaceutical & therapeutic description of Manahshila has been found in the different classical text of Rasa Shastra. In this review article we have tried to compile inclusive description of Manahsila in Samhita as well as literatures of Rasa Shastra.

Literary Reviews

*Dr. Jeuti Rani Das, **Dr. Sisir Kumar Mandal, ***Dr. Surendra Kumar Sharma

Critical Analysis ofVyadhi Vargikaranof Caraka, Sushruta And Vagbhatta(literary research)

2016   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - X   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - vyadhi vargikaran
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ABSTRACT

Vyadhi vargikaran is not an easy task. Though there are no specific chapter has been mentioned for classification of the disease in the text, more over it is mentioned as scattered manner to maintain the proper logic thorough out the texts. Acharya caraka, sushruta and vagbhatta has given different classification according to their need. So analysis of their classification gives their proper reason. They classified the disease according to their time period. Addition of new diseases due to time course create new classification. But their aim of classification was same, means for proper diagnosis and treatment.

Literary Reviews

*Sankar Jyoti Das, **Sumit Nathani, ***Richa Khandelwal

A comprehensive review onShalmali(Bombax ceiba Linn.)

2016   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - X   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Shalmali, Bombax ceiba Linn
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ABSTRACT

Ayurveda is the science of life. It is the most ancient documented medical system of the world. Ayurveda describes four basic factors, which are most essential for advocating the proper treatment, which is the main source of therapeutics. Among these, Ausadha (Bhaishajya) is graded at second rank. Acharya Charak has asserted that each substance on this earth is useful in combating illness when applied with planning and for a specific purpose. Plant, animal, mineral are the basic source of medicine in Ayurveda, out of which plant has the commanding role in field of therapeutics. The word ‘Drug’ is rightly chosen for this; as it is derived from the French word ‘Drouge’ meaning of which is dry herb. Shalmali is a very important medicinal plant mentioned and used in almost all the Ayurvedic classics in different clinical conditions. Each and every part of this tree has its own medicinal value. Present paper aims to review the herb in comprehensive manner and bring forth its concealed qualities.

Literary Reviews

*Vaidya. Patil Arati S., **Vd.Dnyaneshwar.K.Jadhav

A Concept of Mala In Ayurvedic System Of Medicine -A Short Review

2016   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - X   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Mala, Ayurvedic View, Waste Products Of Body, Its Importance.
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ABSTRACT

The simple English meaning of the word Mala is ‘Waste Products’ of the body. However the Ayurvedic meaning is much deeper to understand the real function of mala. Though these are called Waste Products, their role in body’s normal functioning is unquestionable and very important. It took modern medical science long time to realize but now every laboratory does Stool and Urine examination for diagnosis. Ayurved knew it from thousands of years. Ayurved has explained three Malas (waste products) which are excreted in visible form they are Purish (Stool), Mutra (Urine) and Sweda (Sweat). In addition to these Malas Ayurved has explained seven Malas of seven Dhatus. This is the unique concept of Ayurvedic system of medicine which gives a different dimension to diagnosis and treatment of diseases. Malas can have adverse effects on body functioning, if not excreted properly and remain in the body for long time. There are three main Malas - Purish (Stool), Mutra (Urine), Sweda (Sweat) have big influence on physiology of the body.

Case Studies

*Dr.Amarnath Shukla,**Dr.Ashok Kumar Sinha, ***Dr.Utkarsha Nehra

A case study on Ayurvedic management of Hypothyroidism

2016   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - X   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Hypothyroidism, Galganda, Dhatwagnimadya
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ABSTRACT

Context: Hypothyroidism is a clinical syndrome resulting from a deficiency of thyroid hormones, which in turn results in a generalized slowing down of metabolic processes. There is no direct mention of the thyroid gland in Ayurveda, but Acharya charaka states that “‘Vikaranamakusalo na jihriyat kadachana Nahi sarva vikaranam namoto asti dhuvasthitih’’ keeping this in mind because Increasing incidence of the disease has made it necessary to incorporate some more details of the subject in ayurvedic studies. The analysis of their signs and symptoms shows that most of the signs and symptoms attributed to hypothyroidism belong to Kapha may be produced due to Dhatvagnimandya and Rasa Dhatu. Objective: The main purpose of this study is to To find out a safe & effective remedy for hypothyroidism. Case : A 30 year-old male presented with complaints of progressive weight gain from last 6 months, fatigue, postural dizziness, loss of memory, slow speech, deepening of her voice, dry skin, constipation, and cold intolerance, has been presented here. Intervention: Herbal compound is formulated on the basis of Bhaisajya Ratnavali where Kanchnar Gutika has been specifically prescribed for Galganda treatment. There is some modification in the Yoga , Chitraka, Devdaru and Jalkumbhi Kshar were added which are mentioned in the treatment of Kaphaja Galganda by different Acharyas. Results: There was not only reduction in TSH level to normal but also marked relief was noted in associated symptoms when treated with Ayurvedic principles. Conclusions: From the classical text description we can say that Galaganda is a condition related to thyroid gland. But hypothyroidism is not just a local disease; it has many symptoms related to many systems. So it is better not to restrict hypothyroidism with Galaganda as mentioned in the classics.

Editoral

Prof. Sanjeev Sharma

Conceptual Research ---- Need of Understanding the Science

2016   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - X   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS -
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ABSTRACT

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