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Journal of Ayurveda

A Peer Reviewed Research Publication of
National Institute of Ayurveda, Jaipur

TABLE OF CONTENT

2018   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - XII   |   ISSUE - 4

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Editoral

Prof. Sanjeev Sharma

Academic integrity and curbing Plagiarism

2018   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - XII   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS -
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ABSTRACT

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Clinical Studies

Dr. Ram Chandra Singh,Dr. Mahendra Prasad,Prof. Om Prakash Dadhich

Efficacy of Kampavatari Rasa In Kampavata W.S.R. To Parkinson’s Disease

2018   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - XII   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Kampavata,Parkinson’s disease,Kampa,Kampavatari Rasa
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ABSTRACT

Kampavata (Parkinson’s disease) is a slow progressive disorder of late adult life It is a burning problem among society in all countries around the world. The average age of onset is about 60 years, and fewer than 5% of patients present under the age of 40. 25 Patients of Kampavata were randomly selected and assessed on the basis of Webster scale as subjective criteria. Handgrip power, picking of pins with hands, walking time, butting time and chest expansion were used as Objective parameters. Kampavatari Rasa was given in dose of 125 mg twice daily with lukewarm water for 30 days. After duration of treatment we compared base line data with data after treatment statistically. We have found Significant result in Bradykinesia, Tremor, Upper extremity swing, Gait, Self-care and Walking time.

Clinical Studies

Dr. Pankaj Kumar Jain, Prof. Hemraj Meena

A Comparative Study on The Effect of Avasadahara Yoga (Kalpit) and Psychotherapy in The Management of Depression

2018   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - XII   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Avsad, Depression, Manas Doshas, Avasadahara Yoga, Psychotherapy, Meditation, Counseling.
PDF
ABSTRACT

Regarding mental illness, psychological temperament and emotions, Ayurveda has been written in detail. If the medical knowledge of the mental diseases described in Ayurveda is found in the context of depression, two main medical methods are revealed - non-materialistic treatment and medicinal therapy. The physio-pathological studies of Mansa Dosha and the clinical study of 60 patients of depression, has been presented in the research paper. The patients were divided into three groups in present study. Patients of group ‘A’ were given the hypothetical combination of drugs in the form of an Arishta (traditional fermented formulation) and group of ‘B’ patients were given psychotherapy. Meditation, chanting, praying and interviewing were used in psychotherapy. Both methods were used in the group ‘C’. The results of the use of both methods were found to be more effective.

Clinical Studies

Dr. Rashmi Pareek, Dr. Nisha Kumari Ojha

Efficacy of an Ayurveda Compound in the Management of Iron Deficiency Anaemia: A Randomized Controlled Trial

2018   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - XII   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Pandu, Iron deficiency anaemia, Vajra Vatak Mandoor
PDF
ABSTRACT

Background and objectives: Iron deficiency is the most common cause of nutritional anaemia in the world. Adolescent girls are at high risk of iron deficiency anaemia due to accelerated increase in requirements for iron. All allopathic oral iron preparations are gastric irritant and common side effects. Therefore present study was done to evaluate the safety and efficacy of an Ayurveda compound Vajra Vatak Mandoor in iron deficiency anaemia. Design: randomized control trial Participants: adolescent girls (12- 15 years) Methods: 100 patients were selected from OPD and IPD of National Institute of Ayurveda, Jaipur and local school in Jaipur. That were satisfied the inclusion and exclusion criteria. They were randomly divided in two groups. In Group A administered Vajra Vatak Mandoor and in group B Iron and Folic Acid tablets for three month of duration with follow up at every forth night. Results: Non significant improvement in intergroup comparison, extremely significant improvement in most of clinical feature of and in laboratory parameters. Conclusion:The trial drug “Vajra Vatak Mandoor” is effective , safe and palatable in reduce incidence of the symptoms of Pandu.

Clinical Studies

Dr. B. Pushpalatha, Dr. Priyanka Kasyap, Prof. K. Bharathi , Dr. Hetal Dave

Clinical Evaluation of Efficacy of Madhura Aushadha Siddhataila Matravasti And Yonipichu In Sukhaprasava

2018   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - XII   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Pregnancy, Labour, Yonipichu, Sukha prasava, Madhura Aushada siddha taila Matra vasti
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ABSTRACT

Despite of advanced health care in the field of Obstetrics, a high number of women continue to die during childbirth, due to any cause, related to or aggravated by the pregnancy or during management of labour. Woman’s health has been neglected since many decades due to gender inequality, poverty, illiteracy; working for the survival of mother is human rights imperative. Keeping in view the above facts and direct emergency of saving the mother, women’s health is incorporated in the Millennium Development Goals. There have been substantial achievements from 1990 (baseline year for the MDGs) to date; but globally maternal deaths are 50% only decreased. But the situation is not very much normal, even now every year 289 000 maternal deaths are occurring worldwide, most are from preventable causes. To achieve these unmet goals of MDG 5, now there is consensus on evidence-based, cost-effective investments and interventions. At this juncture, the pro-poor and cost effective interventions of Ayurveda are the best suitable methods for antenatal, intranatal as well as post natal care. A comprehensive antenatal care starting from conception to delivery is described under the heading Garbhini paricharya in Ayurveda. This antenatal care also incorporates the regimen to facilitate Eutocia (Sukhaprasava); Vasti is the procedure advocated for the same purpose. The present clinical study is taken up to evaluate the efficacy of Madhura aushadha siddha taila in the form of Vasti (Biopurificatory enema) and Yonipichu (Vaginal tampon) in the management of labour.

Clinical Studies

Dr. P. Narayanan, Prof. Shamsa Fiaz

Clinical Study on The Effect of Shatahvadi Dhumapana with or without Pippali Rasayana in Peenasa With Special Reference to Chronic Simple Rhinitis

2018   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - XII   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Peenasa, chronic simple rhinitis, Shatahvadi Dhumapana, Pippali Rasaayana
PDF
ABSTRACT

Chronic simple rhinitis, though not life threatening, is much troublesome and irritating disease reducing the quality of life of an individual in day to day activity. Management of chronic simple rhinitis in Allopathy is through antibiotics, nasal decongestants and nasal irrigations with alkaline solutions, which provides symptomatic relief. Peenasa, mostly said to be synonymous to Pratishyaya, is more aptly the chronic stage of Dushtapeenasa and can be correlated to chronic simple rhinitis. Ayurveda provides better management of this disease. In present study, 30 patients of Peenasa, (chronic simple rhinitis) were studied into two groups. In group-I, patients were advised Shatahvadi Dhumapana and in group-II, patients were advised Shatahvadi Dhumapana and Pippali Rasaayana orally. Better relief was observed in group II which received combined treatment than group I which received only Shatahvadi Dhumapana therapy.

Clinical Studies

Dr. Sangeeta Pareek, Dr. Jagriti Sharma, Dr. Mohar Pal Meena, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Sharma

A Comparative Study of two samples of Kushmand Khand in Amlapitta: A prospective randomized control trial

2018   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - XII   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Khushmanda Khanda, Acidity, Avalehya, Bhaishajya kalpana
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ABSTRACT

From stone-age to space age food pattern of people has undergone numerous changes.These changes have been always for the better aspect of life. Most of the vikara are deeply rooted in underprivileged dietary habits like Ajirne Bhojana, Akale Bhojana, Akale Anshana, Virudha Bhojana, Atimatrasy Amla, lavana, Katu Rasa Sevanam etc; improper life style like Vegvidharana, Divaswapa, Ratri Jagrana etc; and Mansik Bhavas like Chinta, shoka, bhaya, krodha etc. and amlapitta is one of them. Keeping this in mind it was decided to carry out clinical trial on 30 patients presenting classical signs and symptoms of Amlapitta. The patients were selected irrespective of their age, sex, religion etc. Selected patients were divided into Group A and Group B respectively and treated by Kushmanda Khanda prepared using ghrita (KKG) and Kushmanda Khanda prepared without using Ghrita (KKW). In group A and B there were 15 patients in each. The results were analyzed on the basis of improvement in cardinal, associated signs and symptoms. Statistically analysis between Group A and Group B for the observation parameters Avipaka, Aruchi, Utkelesh, Tikta-Amlodgara, Gaurava, Klama, Chhardi and Shirhshula found no significant changes and it showed that the relief % of both Groups were closely similar. But in observation parameter of Daha the difference value of group A is higher than group B. It shows that group A has higher relief as compare to group B.

Clinical Studies

Dr. Shashi Choudhary, Dr. Udai Raj Saroj, Dr. Harish Bhakuni

Clinical Study on the Effect of An Ayurveda Formulation In The Management of Medodushti W.S.R. To Dyslipidaemia

2018   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - XII   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Medodushti, Dyslipidaemia, Ayurvedic formulation, Shuddha Guggulu.
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ABSTRACT

Purpose: The World Health Organization estimates that Dyslipidaemia is associated with more than half of global cases of ischemic heart disease and more than 4 million deaths per year. World Health Organization (WHO) in 2002 reported that high cholesterol level is one of the main non-communicable disease- related risk factors in India. As described in Ayurveda, Medodushtijanya sign & symptoms shows strikingly resemblance with Dyslipidaemia explained in modern text. While treating the Medodushti, selection of Dravya should have criteria that help in Lekhana of excessive Meda-Kapha without Vayu-Prakopa & normalising the Agni both at the level of Jatharagni & Dhatwagni. Method: In this clinical study, 50 clinically diagnosed patients were registered and divided into two groups with 25 patients in each group. In group A, patients were administered Ayurveda formulation in dose of 2 tab. (500 mg each) twice in a day (2gm/day) with lukewarm water for 60 days. In group B, 25 patients were administered Capsule Shuddha Guggulu (extract) in dose of 1 capsule twice in a day (500 mg/day) for 60 days with lukewarm water. Result: The results were highly significant (p value < 0.001) in both subjective parameters i.e. Pipasadhikya, Daurbalya, Swedadhikya, Kshudrashwasa, Angasadaa as well as objective parameters i.e. body weight, B.M.I., Waist- hip Ratio, Waist-height Ratio & Lipid profile in both groups. On intergroup comparison statistically non- significant difference was found in all subjective & objective parameters of both groups, except Body weight where in Group A was quite significant than Group B (p value < 0.05). So, both the therapies have almost similar effect on all the parameters assessed. Conclusion: From the observation & result, it can be concluded that Ayurveda formulation can be used effectively in the management of Dyslipidaemia & its results are comparable and even better with that of Shuddha Guggulu.

Clinical Studies

Dr. Mansi, Dr. Aparna Sharma

A Clinical Study On The Efficacy Of Ardhanarishvara Rasa Nasya and Nimbadi Guggulu In The Management Of Kaphaja Shiroroga W.S.R. To Sinusitis

2018   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - XII   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Kaphaja Shiroroga, Sinusitis, Nasya, Nimbadi Guggulu
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ABSTRACT

Kaphaja Shiroroga is one among the 11 types of Shiroroga mentioned by Aacharya Sushruta. In modern science, it can be correlated to sinusitis. Sinusitis is a major problem in the society due to its recurrent exacerbations and complications. Drugs selected for present study Ardhanarishvara rasa and Nimbadi Guggulu are having Kaphavatahara, Lekhaniya, Srotoshodhana and Shothahara properties which helps in break down of the pathogenesis of sinusitis. The chief procedure to remove Doshas from Shiras is Shodhana Nasya. Therefore Nasya with Ardhanarishvara Rasa due to its medicinal properties helps in removing the vitiated Kapha accumulated in Shiras. In present study 30 patients of Kaphaja Shiroroga (sinusitis) were selected and randomly divided into two groups of 15 patients each. Group A was treated with Ardhanarishvara Rasa Nasya and Group B was Ardhanarishvara Rasa Nasya and Nimbadi Guggulu orally. Their individual and comparative effects were revealed in the study. A significant relief was found in most of the symptoms and signs of Kaphaja Shiroroga (Sinusitis) after the trial.

Clinical Studies

Dr. Satyendra Singh, Dr. Swati Singh, Prof. Mohan Lal Jaiswal, Prof. A.R. Murthy

A Study of Vyanghara Karma of Laksha obtained from different host plants

2018   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - XII   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Vyanga, Laksha, Varnya.
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ABSTRACT

Introduction - Vyanga is a common disorder generally affecting the face area and can be an embarrassing condition. Vyanga is considered as a Kshudra roga. Laksha is described as Vyanganashan dravyas in Ayurvedic classics. Laksha is an excellent remedy for skin diseases. Laksha is well known medicine for its Vyanganahan,Varnya, Kusthaghna and Krimighna activity. Objective- To evaluate the Vyanghar Karma of Laksha (Laccifer lacca Kerr.) which has been mentioned by various Acharya. To compare the Vyanghar Karma of Laksha obtained from Different host plants. Material and Method- (i) Design – Open, two armed, randomized and comparative clinical trial. (ii) Settings – OPD registered patients, Participants – 30 patients of either sex. Intervention– 3 groups, Group A- 10 volunteers have been given Laksha powder of Ashwattha plant. Group B- 10 volunteers have been given Laksha powder of Palash plant. Group C - 10 volunteers have been given Laksha powder of Koshamra plant. Intervention Period - 60 Days, Outcome measures – Photography. Result- All the three groups are observed on the basis of classical reference and size & Colour of patches. Statistically significant result was observed in group B and group A as compared to group C. Conclusion- The present study supports the use of Laksha of Palash and Ashwattha in treating Vyanga. With good acceptance by all treated patients.

Experimental Studies

Dr. Amitabh Mazumder, Dr. Parween Bano, Prof. K. Shankar Rao

Anti-Microbial Study on Different Samples of Lavangadi Vati

2018   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - XII   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Antimicrobial activity, Haemophilus influenza, Lavangadi vati.
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ABSTRACT

Infectious diseases are a great challenge to human existence and the leading cause of death world- wide. Haemophilus influenzae is a small (1.0 × 0.3μm), gram-negative, non motile, non-sporing bacillus, exhibiting considerable pleomorphism. H. influenza is an exclusively human pathogen. Diseases caused by H. influenza may be categorized into two groups; they are- Invasive and Non-Invasive. In Non-invasive group, the bacillus spread by local invasion along mucosal surfaces and causes secondary or superadded infections, usually of the respiratory tract. Cough is the symptom which arises in Respiratory tract during this non- invasive infection. Lavangadi vati is the solid dosage form, comes under the Vati kalpana which is used in the treatment of cough. Because of its quick action in the treatment of cough, the object of the study is to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of 3 different formulation of Lavangadi vati against the H. Influenza. Antimicrobial susceptibility test was performed by well diffusion methods. The result shows that in comparison with S1, S2 and S3; S2 formulation at \100mg/ml shows the best result against H. influenza i.e. 30mm ZOI comparative to 10 mg/ml Streptomycin.

Experimental Studies

Dr. Goyal Arun, Dr. Rath Sudipt, Prof. Kotecha Mita

In-Vitro Evaluation of Anti-Microbial Effect of Herbal Formulation

2018   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - XII   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Anti-microbial, Herbal, Ayurveda, Hibiscus, Melia azedarach, Jatropha curcas
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ABSTRACT

Surgical infection, particularly surgical site infection (SSI), is a major concern of surgery. Micro- organisms contaminate these wounds and delays wound healing, Use of anti-microbial agents are very important for prevention of sepsis. The aim of this study was to investigate the anti-microbial potential of different extracts of flowers of Hibiscus rosa sinensis Linn., leaves of Melia azedarach Linn. and leaves and stem of Jatropha curcas Linn. in combination in a suitable formulation (ointment) against S. aureus, E. coli. Klebsiella sp. and P.aeruginosa. Majorly responsible for surgical wound infection, using agar well diffusion technique. Aqueous and alcoholic extracts of Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Linn. showed antimicrobial activity against Klebsiella sp and P. aeruginosa, while the alcoholic extracts of Melia azedarach and Jatropha curcas showed activity with different microorganisms individually. In ointment form, the combination did not exhibit significant activity. This is indicative of fact that the combination might nullify each other’s effect resulting in loss of effectiveness. Thus, the ointment prepared from combination of test substances does not possess anti-microbial activity.

Experimental Studies

Dr. Ramnivas Berval, Dr. R.K. Sharma (Chulet), Prof. Anita Sharma

An in-vivo study of toxicological effects of Shudha Dhatura Beej and its therapeutic efficacy w.s.r. to Jwar

2018   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - XII   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Upvisha, dhatura metal.
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ABSTRACT

Upvishas are gaun vishas, one among them is Datura Metal which is unanimously accepted as Jwarhara by all Nighantus of medieval and modern era. On the other hand, in toxicological text of modern era it is said to be causing dry hot skin. So we have selected it as test drug and Jwar as disease & expect there will be a plenty of experience which will make us enable to know whether it is higher doses or impurities which causes contrary effects or it is Shodhana process which deprive Dhatura of its serious toxic properties. Though, Jwar is most common & having high mortality rate in its different varieties. In Ayurveda it has been considered such a disease which supposes to be present at the time of birth and death. Therefore, it has been termed as kings of disease, Vikar-Raj Punarvasu Atreya also supported this thought or observation of Acharya Shushruta And started to write diagnostic and treatment chapters in Samhita, Nidana and Chikitsa keeping Jwar at no.1. Doubtlessly, it is common and most important disease.

Conceptual Studies

Dr. Gaurav Soni, Dr. Sandeep Lahange, Dr Vikas Bhatnagar, Dr Shailja Kumari Bhatnagar, Dr. Isha Herswani

A Study of Asthi Sharir In Context of Various Types of Asthi Described In Ayurvedic Samhitas

2018   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - XII   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Asthi Bhagna, Asthi Sankhya, Asthi Prakara
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ABSTRACT

Ancient seers of Ayurveda have classified the elements of the body under three fundamental components- Dosha, Dhatu and Mala. According to Acharya Sushruta the pioneer of Ayurveda, Asthi is last part of body to be destroyed. Knowledge of Asthi can be traced back from Vedas passing chronologically down to Samhitas. Asthi plays the role of kernel of body on which whole system depends. Profound description is illustrated in classical texts about nomenclature, enumeration, types, Bhagna and its treatment. Especially types and nomenclature are to be discussed in light of modern and classical grammar. Here main aims are Analytical discussion about Sankhya and nomenclature of Asthi, Asthi Prakaras and grammatical validation. As knowledge about Asthi dates from Pre-Vedic period concepts, believes, methods, usefulness etc have changed from time being. The nomenclature of Asthi and Bhagna and Prakar is also same as in the contemporary knowledge and profoundly described.

Conceptual Studies

Dr Anju K Bhardwaj, Dr G Prabhakara Rao

Comprehensive approach of Lifestyle Modification in Diabetes Mellitus w.s.r. Prameha

2018   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - XII   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Diabetes, Microvascular complications, Prameha, Lifestyle Modification.
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ABSTRACT

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a progressive chronic metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia associated with long-term micro vascular complications like retinopathy, nephropathy, neuropathy and macro vascular (cardiovascular) complications. Pharmacological interventions i.e. medicines are not always necessary to control diabetes, but emphasis should also be given to non-pharmacological management. Prameha explained in Ayurveda texts bears resemblance to Diabetes. There is detailed explanation in ayurveda texts regarding dietary modification and physical activities for prevention and management of Prameha. This article is compiled with an aim to commemorate various references of lifestyle modification in Ayurveda texts and researches supporting them. Principles of Dinacharya, Aahara, Vihara, Sadvritta, Rasayana when applied in daily routine plays major role in prevention as well as better management of Diabetes.

Conceptual Studies

Dr. Bhingardive Kamini, Dr. O.P. Sharma, Dr. Santosh Kumar Bhatted

Conceptual study on Aartavakshaya

2018   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - XII   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Aartava, Aartavakshaya, Hypomenorrhea, Menstrual disorders, Oligomenorrhea.
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ABSTRACT

In the modern world the sedentary life style associated with stress increased menstrual disorders. Among menstrual disorders oligomenorrhea or hypomenorrhea is the most common gynaecological problems. Ratio of menstrual disorder is rising in gynaecological practice which is a precursor of infertility associated with various metabolic disorders, so it requires more attention. Menstrual disorder affects mental state of women. Modern medical science gives Hormonal therapy for menstrual disorders which have many side effects if continued for long time. So, in contemporary era it is very important to provide a particular etiopathology and treatment for “Aartavakshaya”. Present article aims at elaborating details of Aartavakshaya mentioned in Ayurveda classics.

Analytical Study

Dr. Chandra Chud Mishra, Dr. Sarvesh Kumar Agrawal, Prof. Kamalesh Kumar Sharma

An Analytical Study on Tamra Patra Sthita Jala

2018   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - XII   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Copper, Copper treated water, PoU, Tamra Patra, Unsafe water, Water purification.
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ABSTRACT

The World Health Organization (2006) estimates that 88% of diarrhoeal disease is attributed to un safe drinking water. Therefore, it becomes necessary to treat water before consumption. Household-level methods of drinking water treatment are commonly referred as PoU (Point of Use). There are many PoU available in market which is effective but they have some shortcoming like expensive maintenance, need electricity etc. Ayurveda recommends many methods of water storage and purification like boiling; filtration sun light etc. Use of Tamra Patra for storage of drinking water is recommended in different Ayurvedic treaties. The aim of present study was to explore the facts behind the traditional use of Tamra Patra for storage of water and its use as a PoU. A complete analytical study of effect of copper in purification of drinking water was done in this study.

Case Studies

Dr Nidhi Sharma, Dr Asit K Panja

Ayurvedic Management of Obstructive Uropathy with Vesico- Ureteral Reflux : A Case Study

2018   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - XII   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Obstructive uropathy, vesico- ureteral reflux, Ayurveda
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ABSTRACT

Ayurveda offers a different approach for the diagnosis and treatment of obstructive uropathy. In present case study, a male patient, 17 years old with symptoms like painful micturition, pain in lower abdomen, anorexia, weakness etc. Diagnosed with obstructive uropathy with vesico-ureteral reflux by contemporary medical science and Mutraghata according to Ayurveda. The Ayurveda treatment included Mutravirechaneeya drugs, vatanuloman and Virechan and symptomatic treatment. The patient showed remarkable relief clinically and laboratory parameters also significantly came close to normal.

Clinical Studies

Dr. Ram Chandra Singh,Dr. Mahendra Prasad,Prof. Om Prakash Dadhich

Efficacy of Kampavatari Rasa In Kampavata W.S.R. To Parkinson’s Disease

2018   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - XII   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Kampavata,Parkinson’s disease,Kampa,Kampavatari Rasa
PDF
ABSTRACT

Kampavata (Parkinson’s disease) is a slow progressive disorder of late adult life It is a burning problem among society in all countries around the world. The average age of onset is about 60 years, and fewer than 5% of patients present under the age of 40. 25 Patients of Kampavata were randomly selected and assessed on the basis of Webster scale as subjective criteria. Handgrip power, picking of pins with hands, walking time, butting time and chest expansion were used as Objective parameters. Kampavatari Rasa was given in dose of 125 mg twice daily with lukewarm water for 30 days. After duration of treatment we compared base line data with data after treatment statistically. We have found Significant result in Bradykinesia, Tremor, Upper extremity swing, Gait, Self-care and Walking time.

Clinical Studies

Dr. Pankaj Kumar Jain,Prof. Hemraj Meena

A Comparative Study on The Effect of Avasadahara Yoga (Kalpit) and Psychotherapy in The Management of Depression

2018   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - XII   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Avsad,Depression,Manas Doshas,Avasadahara Yoga,Psychotherapy,Meditation,Counseling
PDF
ABSTRACT

Regarding mental illness, psychological temperament and emotions, Ayurveda has been written in detail. If the medical knowledge of the mental diseases described in Ayurveda is found in the context of depression, two main medical methods are revealed - non-materialistic treatment and medicinal therapy. The physio-pathological studies of Mansa Dosha and the clinical study of 60 patients of depression, has been presented in the research paper. The patients were divided into three groups in present study. Patients of group ‘A’ were given the hypothetical combination of drugs in the form of an Arishta (traditional fermented formulation) and group of ‘B’ patients were given psychotherapy. Meditation, chanting, praying and interviewing were used in psychotherapy. Both methods were used in the group ‘C’. The results of the use of both methods were found to be more effective.

Clinical Studies

Dr. Rashmi Pareek,Dr. Nisha Kumari Ojha

Efficacy of an Ayurveda Compound in the Management of Iron Deficiency Anaemia: A Randomized Controlled Trial

2018   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - XII   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Pandu,Iron deficiency anaemia,Vajra Vatak Mandoor
PDF
ABSTRACT

Background and objectives: Iron deficiency is the most common cause of nutritional anaemia in the world. Adolescent girls are at high risk of iron deficiency anaemia due to accelerated increase in requirements for iron. All allopathic oral iron preparations are gastric irritant and common side effects. Therefore present study was done to evaluate the safety and efficacy of an Ayurveda compound Vajra Vatak Mandoor in iron deficiency anaemia. Design: randomized control trial Participants: adolescent girls (12- 15 years) Methods: 100 patients were selected from OPD and IPD of National Institute of Ayurveda, Jaipur and local school in Jaipur. That were satisfied the inclusion and exclusion criteria. They were randomly divided in two groups. In Group A administered Vajra Vatak Mandoor and in group B Iron and Folic Acid tablets for three month of duration with follow up at every forth night. Results: Non significant improvement in intergroup comparison, extremely significant improvement in most of clinical feature of and in laboratory parameters. Conclusion:The trial drug “Vajra Vatak Mandoor” is effective , safe and palatable in reduce incidence of the symptoms of Pandu.

Clinical Studies

Dr. B. Pushpalatha,Dr. Priyanka Kasyap,Prof. K. Bharathi,Dr. Hetal Dave

Clinical Evaluation of Efficacy of Madhura Aushadha Siddhataila Matravasti And Yonipichu In Sukhaprasava

2018   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - XII   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Pregnancy,Labour,Yonipichu,Sukha prasava,Madhura Aushada siddha taila,Matra vasti
PDF
ABSTRACT

Despite of advanced health care in the field of Obstetrics, a high number of women continue to die during childbirth, due to any cause, related to or aggravated by the pregnancy or during management of labour. Woman’s health has been neglected since many decades due to gender inequality, poverty, illiteracy; working for the survival of mother is human rights imperative. Keeping in view the above facts and direct emergency of saving the mother, women’s health is incorporated in the Millennium Development Goals. There have been substantial achievements from 1990 (baseline year for the MDGs) to date; but globally maternal deaths are 50% only decreased. But the situation is not very much normal, even now every year 289 000 maternal deaths are occurring worldwide, most are from preventable causes. To achieve these unmet goals of MDG 5, now there is consensus on evidence-based, cost-effective investments and interventions. At this juncture, the pro-poor and cost effective interventions of Ayurveda are the best suitable methods for antenatal, intranatal as well as post natal care. A comprehensive antenatal care starting from conception to delivery is described under the heading Garbhini paricharya in Ayurveda. This antenatal care also incorporates the regimen to facilitate Eutocia (Sukhaprasava); Vasti is the procedure advocated for the same purpose

Clinical Studies

Dr. P. Narayanan,Prof. Shamsa Fiaz

Clinical Study on The Effect of Shatahvadi Dhumapana with or without Pippali Rasayana in Peenasa With Special Reference to Chronic Simple Rhinitis

2018   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - XII   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Peenasa,chronic simple rhinitis,Shatahvadi Dhumapana,Pippali Rasaayana
PDF
ABSTRACT

Chronic simple rhinitis, though not life threatening, is much troublesome and irritating disease reducing the quality of life of an individual in day to day activity. Management of chronic simple rhinitis in Allopathy is through antibiotics, nasal decongestants and nasal irrigations with alkaline solutions, which provides symptomatic relief. Peenasa, mostly said to be synonymous to Pratishyaya, is more aptly the chronic stage of Dushtapeenasa and can be correlated to chronic simple rhinitis. Ayurveda provides better management of this disease. In present study, 30 patients of Peenasa, (chronic simple rhinitis) were studied into two groups. In group-I, patients were advised Shatahvadi Dhumapana and in group-II, patients were advised Shatahvadi Dhumapana and Pippali Rasaayana orally. Better relief was observed in group II which received combined treatment than group I which received only Shatahvadi Dhumapana therapy.

Clinical Studies

Dr. Sangeeta Pareek,Dr. Jagriti Sharma,Dr. Mohar Pal Meena,Dr. Rajendra Prasad Sharma

A Comparative Study of two samples of Kushmand Khand in Amlapitta: A prospective randomized control trial

2018   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - XII   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Khushmanda Khanda,Acidity,Avalehya,Bhaishajya kalpana
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ABSTRACT

From stone-age to space age food pattern of people has undergone numerous changes.These changes have been always for the better aspect of life. Most of the vikara are deeply rooted in underprivileged dietary habits like Ajirne Bhojana, Akale Bhojana, Akale Anshana, Virudha Bhojana, Atimatrasy Amla, lavana, Katu Rasa Sevanam etc; improper life style like Vegvidharana, Divaswapa, Ratri Jagrana etc; and Mansik Bhavas like Chinta, shoka, bhaya, krodha etc. and amlapitta is one of them. Keeping this in mind it was decided to carry out clinical trial on 30 patients presenting classical signs and symptoms of Amlapitta. The patients were selected irrespective of their age, sex, religion etc. Selected patients were divided into Group A and Group B respectively and treated by Kushmanda Khanda prepared using ghrita (KKG) and Kushmanda Khanda prepared without using Ghrita (KKW). In group A and B there were 15 patients in each. The results were analyzed on the basis of improvement in cardinal, associated signs and symptoms. Statistically analysis between Group A and Group B for the observation parameters Avipaka, Aruchi, Utkelesh, Tikta-Amlodgara, Gaurava, Klama, Chhardi and Shirhshula found no significant changes and it showed that the relief % of both Groups were closely similar. But in observation parameter of Daha the difference value of group A is higher than group B. It shows that group A has higher relief as compare to group B.

Clinical Studies

Dr. Shashi Choudhary,Dr. Udai Raj Saroj,Dr. Harish Bhakuni

Clinical Study on the Effect of An Ayurveda Formulation In The Management of Medodushti W.S.R. To Dyslipidaemia

2018   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - XII   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Medodushti,Dyslipidaemia,Ayurvedic formulation,Shuddha Guggulu
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ABSTRACT

Purpose: The World Health Organization estimates that Dyslipidaemia is associated with more than half of global cases of ischemic heart disease and more than 4 million deaths per year. World Health Organization (WHO) in 2002 reported that high cholesterol level is one of the main non-communicable diseaserelated risk factors in India. As described in Ayurveda, Medodushtijanya sign & symptoms shows strikingly resemblance with Dyslipidaemia explained in modern text. While treating the Medodushti, selection of Dravya should have criteria that help in Lekhana of excessive Meda-Kapha without Vayu-Prakopa & normalising the Agni both at the level of Jatharagni & Dhatwagni. Method: In this clinical study, 50 clinically diagnosed patients were registered and divided into two groups with 25 patients in each group. In group A, patients were administered Ayurveda formulation in dose of 2 tab. (500 mg each) twice in a day (2gm/day) with lukewarm water for 60 days. In group B, 25 patients were administered Capsule Shuddha Guggulu (extract) in dose of 1 capsule twice in a day (500 mg/day) for 60 days with lukewarm water. Result: The results were highly significant (p value < 0.001) in both subjective parameters i.e. Pipasadhikya, Daurbalya, Swedadhikya, Kshudrashwasa, Angasadaa as well as objective parameters i.e. body weight, B.M.I., Waisthip Ratio, Waist-height Ratio & Lipid profile in both groups. On intergroup comparison statistically nonsignificant difference was found in all subjective & objective parameters of both groups, except Body weight where in Group A was quite significant than Group B (p value < 0.05). So, both the therapies have almost similar effect on all the parameters assessed. Conclusion: From the observation & result, it can be concluded that Ayurveda formulation can be used effectively in the management of Dyslipidaemia & its results are comparable and even better with that of Shuddha Guggulu.

Clinical Studies

Dr. Mansi,Dr. Aparna Sharma

A Clinical Study On The Efficacy Of Ardhanarishvara Rasa Nasya and Nimbadi Guggulu In The Management Of Kaphaja Shiroroga W.S.R. To Sinusitis

2018   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - XII   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Kaphaja Shiroroga,Sinusitis,Nasya,Nimbadi Guggulu
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ABSTRACT

Kaphaja Shiroroga is one among the 11 types of Shiroroga mentioned by Aacharya Sushruta. In modern science, it can be correlated to sinusitis. Sinusitis is a major problem in the society due to its recurrent exacerbations and complications. Drugs selected for present study Ardhanarishvara rasa and Nimbadi Guggulu are having Kaphavatahara, Lekhaniya, Srotoshodhana and Shothahara properties which helps in break down of the pathogenesis of sinusitis. The chief procedure to remove Doshas from Shiras is Shodhana Nasya. Therefore Nasya with Ardhanarishvara Rasa due to its medicinal properties helps in removing the vitiated Kapha accumulated in Shiras. In present study 30 patients of Kaphaja Shiroroga (sinusitis) were selected and randomly divided into two groups of 15 patients each. Group A was treated with Ardhanarishvara Rasa Nasya and Group B was Ardhanarishvara Rasa Nasya and Nimbadi Guggulu orally. Their individual and comparative effects were revealed in the study. A significant relief was found in most of the symptoms and signs of Kaphaja Shiroroga (Sinusitis) after the trial.

Clinical Studies

Dr. Satyendra Singh,Dr. Swati Singh,Prof. Mohan Lal Jaiswal,Prof. A.R. Murthy

A Study of Vyanghara Karma of Laksha obtained from different host plants

2018   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - XII   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Vyanga, Laksha,Varnya
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ABSTRACT

Introduction - Vyanga is a common disorder generally affecting the face area and can be an embarrassing condition. Vyanga is considered as a Kshudra roga. Laksha is described as Vyanganashan dravyas in Ayurvedic classics. Laksha is an excellent remedy for skin diseases. Laksha is well known medicine for its Vyanganahan,Varnya, Kusthaghna and Krimighna activity. Objective- To evaluate the Vyanghar Karma of Laksha (Laccifer lacca Kerr.) which has been mentioned by various Acharya. To compare the Vyanghar Karma of Laksha obtained from Different host plants. Material and Method- (i) Design – Open, two armed, randomized and comparative clinical trial. (ii) Settings – OPD registered patients, Participants – 30 patients of either sex. Intervention– 3 groups, Group A- 10 volunteers have been given Laksha powder of Ashwattha plant. Group B- 10 volunteers have been given Laksha powder of Palash plant. Group C - 10 volunteers have been given Laksha powder of Koshamra plant. Intervention Period - 60 Days, Outcome measures – Photography. Result- All the three groups are observed on the basis of classical reference and size & Colour of patches. Statistically significant result was observed in group B and group A as compared to group C. Conclusion- The present study supports the use of Laksha of Palash and Ashwattha in treating Vyanga. With good acceptance by all treated patients.

Experimental Studies

Dr. Amitabh Mazumder,Dr. Parween Bano,Prof. K.Shankar Rao

Anti-Microbial Study on Different Samples of Lavangadi Vati

2018   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - XII   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Antimicrobial activity, Haemophilus influenza, Lavangadi vati
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ABSTRACT

Infectious diseases are a great challenge to human existence and the leading cause of death worldwide. Haemophilus influenzae is a small (1.0 × 0.3µm), gram-negative, non motile, non-sporing bacillus, exhibiting considerable pleomorphism. H. influenza is an exclusively human pathogen. Diseases caused by H. influenza may be categorized into two groups; they are- Invasive and Non-Invasive. In Non-invasive group, the bacillus spread by local invasion along mucosal surfaces and causes secondary or superadded infections, usually of the respiratory tract. Cough is the symptom which arises in Respiratory tract during this noninvasive infection. Lavangadi vati is the solid dosage form, comes under the Vati kalpana which is used in the treatment of cough. Because of its quick action in the treatment of cough, the object of the study is to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of 3 different formulation of Lavangadi vati against the H. Influenza. Antimicrobial susceptibility test was performed by well diffusion methods. The result shows that in comparison with S1, S2 and S3; S2 formulation at \100mg/ml shows the best result against H. influenza i.e. 30mm ZOI comparative to 10 mg/ml Streptomycin.

Experimental Studies

Dr. Goyal Arun,Dr. Rath Sudipt,Prof. Kotecha Mita

In-Vitro Evaluation of Anti-Microbial Effect of Herbal Formulation

2018   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - XII   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Anti-microbial, Herbal, Ayurveda, Hibiscus, Melia azedarach, Jatropha curcas
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ABSTRACT

Surgical infection, particularly surgical site infection (SSI), is a major concern of surgery. Microorganisms contaminate these wounds and delays wound healing, Use of anti-microbial agents are very important for prevention of sepsis. The aim of this study was to investigate the anti-microbial potential of different extracts of flowers of Hibiscus rosa sinensis Linn., leaves of Melia azedarach Linn. and leaves and stem of Jatropha curcas Linn. in combination in a suitable formulation (ointment) against S. aureus, E. coli. Klebsiella sp. and P.aeruginosa. Majorly responsible for surgical wound infection, using agar well diffusion technique. Aqueous and alcoholic extracts of Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Linn. showed antimicrobial activity against Klebsiella sp and P. aeruginosa, while the alcoholic extracts of Melia azedarach and Jatropha curcas showed activity with different microorganisms individually. In ointment form, the combination did not exhibit significant activity. This is indicative of fact that the combination might nullify each other’s effect resulting in loss of effectiveness. Thus, the ointment prepared from combination of test substances does not possess anti-microbial activity.

Experimental Studies

Dr. Ramnivas Berval,Dr. R.K. Sharma,Prof, Anita Sharma

An in-vivo study of toxicological effects of Shudha Dhatura Beej and its therapeutic efficacy w.s.r. to Jwar.

2018   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - XII   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Upvisha, dhatura metal.
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ABSTRACT

Upvishas are gaun vishas, one among them is Datura Metal which is unanimously accepted as Jwarhara by all Nighantus of medieval and modern era. On the other hand, in toxicological text of modern era it is said to be causing dry hot skin. So we have selected it as test drug and Jwar as disease & expect there will be a plenty of experience which will make us enable to know whether it is higher doses or impurities which causes contrary effects or it is Shodhana process which deprive Dhatura of its serious toxic properties. Though, Jwar is most common & having high mortality rate in its different varieties. In Ayurveda it has been considered such a disease which supposes to be present at the time of birth and death. Therefore, it has been termed as kings of disease, Vikar-Raj Punarvasu Atreya also supported this thought or observation of Acharya Shushruta and stated that:- ‚fl¸¬˝ÊáÊ÷ÎׂÖfl⁄Ê∞fl¡ÊÿãÃ‚Öfl⁄Ê∞flÁ◊˝ÿãÃ– (ø.ÁŸ. 1/35) And started to write diagnostic and treatment chapters in Samhita, Nidana and Chikitsa keeping Jwar at no.1. Doubtlessly, it is common and most important disease.

Conceptual Studies

Dr. Gaurav Soni,Dr. Sandeep Lahange,Dr Vikas Bhatnagar,Dr Shailja Kumari Bhatnagar,Dr. Isha Herswani

A Study of Asthi Sharir In Context of Various Types of Asthi Described In Ayurvedic Samhitas

2018   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - XII   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Asthi Bhagna, Asthi Sankhya, Asthi Prakara
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ABSTRACT

Ancient seers of Ayurveda have classified the elements of the body under three fundamental components- Dosha, Dhatu and Mala. According to Acharya Sushruta the pioneer of Ayurveda, Asthi is last part of body to be destroyed. Knowledge of Asthi can be traced back from Vedas passing chronologically down to Samhitas. Asthi plays the role of kernel of body on which whole system depends. Profound description is illustrated in classical texts about nomenclature, enumeration, types, Bhagna and its treatment. Especially types and nomenclature are to be discussed in light of modern and classical grammar. Here main aims are Analytical discussion about Sankhya and nomenclature of Asthi, Asthi Prakaras and grammatical validation. As knowledge about Asthi dates from Pre-Vedic period concepts, believes, methods, usefulness etc have changed from time being. The nomenclature of Asthi and Bhagna and Prakar is also same as in the contemporary knowledge and profoundly described.

Conceptual Studies

Dr Anju K Bhardwaj,Dr G Prabhakara Rao

Comprehensive approach of Lifestyle Modification in Diabetes Mellitus w.s.r. Prameha

2018   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - XII   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Diabetes, Microvascular complications, Prameha, Lifestyle Modification
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ABSTRACT

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a progressive chronic metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia associated with long-term micro vascular complications like retinopathy, nephropathy, neuropathy and macro vascular (cardiovascular) complications. Pharmacological interventions i.e. medicines are not always necessary to control diabetes, but emphasis should also be given to non-pharmacological management. Prameha explained in Ayurveda texts bears resemblance to Diabetes. There is detailed explanation in ayurveda texts regarding dietary modification and physical activities for prevention and management of Prameha. This article is compiled with an aim to commemorate various references of lifestyle modification in Ayurveda texts and researches supporting them. Principles of Dinacharya, Aahara, Vihara, Sadvritta, Rasayana when applied in daily routine plays major role in prevention as well as better management of Diabetes.

Conceptual Studies

Dr. Bhingardive Kamini,Dr. O.P. Sharma,Dr. Santosh Kumar Bhatted

Conceptual study on Aartavakshaya

2018   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - XII   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Aartava, Aartavakshaya, Hypomenorrhea, Menstrual disorders, Oligomenorrhea
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ABSTRACT

In the modern world the sedentary life style associated with stress increased menstrual disorders. Among menstrual disorders oligomenorrhea or hypomenorrhea is the most common gynaecological problems. Ratio of menstrual disorder is rising in gynaecological practice which is a precursor of infertility associated with various metabolic disorders, so it requires more attention. Menstrual disorder affects mental state of women. Modern medical science gives Hormonal therapy for menstrual disorders which have many side effects if continued for long time. So, in contemporary era it is very important to provide a particular etiopathology and treatment for “Aartavakshaya”. Present article aims at elaborating details of Aartavakshaya mentioned in Ayurveda classics.

Analytical Study

Dr. Chandra Chud Mishra,Dr. Sarvesh Kumar Agrawal,Prof. Kamalesh Kumar Sharma

An Analytical Study on Tamra Patra Sthita Jala

2018   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - XII   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Copper, Copper treated water, PoU, Tamra Patra, Unsafe water, Water purification
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ABSTRACT

The World Health Organization (2006) estimates that 88% of diarrhoeal disease is attributed to un safe drinking water. Therefore, it becomes necessary to treat water before consumption. Household-level methods of drinking water treatment are commonly referred as PoU (Point of Use). There are many PoU available in market which is effective but they have some shortcoming like expensive maintenance, need electricity etc. Ayurveda recommends many methods of water storage and purification like boiling; filtration sun light etc. Use of Tamra Patra for storage of drinking water is recommended in different Ayurvedic treaties. The aim of present study was to explore the facts behind the traditional use of Tamra Patra for storage of water and its use as a PoU. A complete analytical study of effect of copper in purification of drinking water was done in this study.

Case Studies

Dr Nidhi Sharma,Dr Asit K Panja

Ayurvedic Management of Obstructive Uropathy with VesicoUreteral Reflux : A Case Study

2018   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - XII   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Obstructive uropathy, vesico- ureteral reflux, Ayurveda
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ABSTRACT

Ayurveda offers a different approach for the diagnosis and treatment of obstructive uropathy. In present case study, a male patient, 17 years old with symptoms like painful micturition, pain in lower abdomen, anorexia, weakness etc. Diagnosed with obstructive uropathy with vesico-ureteral reflux by contemporary medical science and Mutraghata according to Ayurveda. The Ayurveda treatment included Mutravirechaneeya drugs, vatanuloman and Virechan and symptomatic treatment. The patient showed remarkable relief clinically and laboratory parameters also significantly came close to normal.

Case Studies

Dr. Gopesh Mangal,Dr. Pravesh Srivastava

Functional Outcome of Basti Karma in Avascular Necrosis of Femoral Head – A Case Report

2018   |   October- December   |   VOLUME - XII   |   ISSUE - 4

KEYWORDS - Avascular necrosis, Basti Karma, Asthimajjagata Vata Vikara
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ABSTRACT

Avascular necrosis (AVN) is the disease characterized by collapse of bone, joint pain, bone destruction and loss of function mainly due to temporary or permanent suppression of the blood supply. AVN of the femoral head is the most common type among all AVN. Modern treatment modalities like arthroplasty, femoral head graft, hip compression, hip replacement, osteotomy, etc. having higher failure rate. Most of the surgical treatments are cost worthy and having poor prognosis. Hence an effort has been made to evaluate the efficacy of Panchatikta Ksheer Basti in the management of the AVN of femoral head.This is single case study of 35 years old male suffering from pain and stiffness in bilateral hip joints, difficulty in walking and restricted movement of both legs. It was diagnosed case of avascular necrosis of femoral head based on MRI report. As per Ayurveda the case was diagnosed as Asthimajjagata Vata Vikara and was admitted in the male ward of Panchakarma, NIA and Jaipur. The whole treatment includes Sarvanga Abhyanga, Swedana for 16 days, Panchatikta Ksheer Bastialong with Shamana Chikitsa. Assessment was done on the basis of sign and symptoms.The therapy provided remarkable symptomatic relief with increase in functional activities in avascular necrosis of femoral head. On the basis of this case study it can be concluded that Basti Karma along with ShamanaChikitsa is effective in the management of AVN of femoral head. Since the single case is not enough more rooted study in this is required.

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